VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):瑞士下水道里"藏"黄金
日期:2017-11-13 16:36

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Scientists Find Large Amounts of Precious Metals in Wastewater
In recent months, stories about sewers getting clogged have made international headlines. For example, a so-called "fatberg," a mass of grease and diapers, clogged London's sewers.
A new study has found stranger materials in a wastewater system: large amounts of rare and precious metals.
Researchers examined 64 wastewater treatment centers across Switzerland. A government press release says it was the first study on trace elements in wastewater in an industrialized country.
The researchers found 3000 kg of silver and 43 kilograms of gold in effluent and sludge from the centers. The value of the materials was somewhere around $3.1 million dollars.
The silver and gold were in the form of tiny particles. The researchers said the particles were most likely released during manufacturing of chemicals, pharmaceuticals, or watches.
Bas Vriens is one of the researchers. "You hear stories about an angry man or woman throwing jewelry down the toilet, but we didn't find any rings, unfortunately," he said.
"The levels of gold and silver were very small, in the micrograms, or even nanograms, but when you add them up it's pretty substantial."
The researchers also found large amounts of rare earth minerals.
The level of metal concentrations did not violate Swiss laws. They were removed before the water entered the drinking water system.
Vriens cautioned people against trying to find precious metals in drinking water. "It wouldn't make sense for people to boil their tap water to recover gold or silver because it has already been filtered out before it re-enters the drinking water supply," Vriens said.
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.filter out 过滤掉

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Children should have glasses which filter out UV rays.
儿童应该戴上滤除紫外线的眼镜&0Vf-]uzAB[*,

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2.tap water 自来水

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He never drinks tap water.
他从不喝自来水RXuLTxmTvfvwYZIiSz

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3.precious metals 贵重金属

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Platinum and gold are precious metals.
铂和黄金是贵重金属8EMZDHyUuDy;b%^xn@j

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4.trace elements 微量元素

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Egg of trace elements, such as selenium, zinc also has anti-cancer effects.
蛋中的微量元素,如硒、锌等也都具有防癌作用eg_oXRTN9raVDc.Y

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5.For example, a so-called "fatberg," a mass of grease and diapers, clogged London's sewers.

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a mass of 大量的

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On his desk is a mass of books and papers.
他的书桌上有大堆的书籍和文件arz34FgDaIu%Y~e24za
In the spring, the meadow is a mass of daffodils.
春天,草地上开满了黄水仙tlKJvv%o-*(E

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6."It wouldn't make sense for people to boil their tap water to recover gold or silver because it has already been filtered out before it re-enters the drinking water supply

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make sense 有意义;讲得通

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There are some stylistic elements in the statue that just don't make sense.
这座雕像上的一些风格元素让人完全捉摸不透a,!@VbPjdV7=
Provided you didn't try to make sense of it, it sounded beautiful.
只要不非得弄懂它的意思,它听上去还是很美的e#uNTWWfSc

参考译文

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瑞士下水道里“藏”黄金
近几个月来,下水道堵塞的新闻登上了国际新闻头条@QyxXN0%BT(iZ@。例如,由大量油脂和尿布堆积成的“油脂块”堵塞了伦敦的下水道NN&=8ctEC(#)*mS)NNS
最新研究发现,下水道中含有一种奇怪物质:大量稀有的贵重金属yv.-xP[z0LQ&zCpfd
研究人员检测了瑞士64家污水处理中心2HusuqgH*6hZwZ5。政府的一份新闻稿里指出,这是首次在工业化国家进行污水微量元素的研究JKEK.KIi@RY,PAxG=
研究人员从污水处理中心的废水和污泥中发现了3000千克的银和43公斤的金]&pLC63J8@vnY!v2o。这些贵重金属的价值约310万美元zj^-@@n3tpu(GhR~J5P
这些金银皆是微小颗粒KF_=f@a@8V@[。研究人员表示,这些颗粒很有可能是在制造化学物质、药品或手表的时释放出来oN6@cSg8k)qLW2i78

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瑞士下水道里“藏”黄金.jpg
巴斯·韦瑞恩(Bas Vriens)是研究员之一xtH08AUg0%A~zdI@dx3h。“你听过男性或女性一气之下将首饰扔进马桶,而不幸的是,我们从未发现过任何戒指AQ2&Jhe|[_;m%P|@~。”
“虽然金银的数量很少,微克甚至毫微克,但是它们加起来后的数量相当可观fnhE~bCSJ_*a5。”
研究人员还发现了大量的稀土矿物7!eGvc5u1RGK(
饮水中的金属含量并没有违反瑞士法律标准Bg%|O,GCci0j。这些金属进入饮用水系统前已被过滤掉了d^L8RT(2OHtwHH
韦瑞恩警告民众,请勿在饮用水中寻找稀有金属Xh.8xhpVo3By2L。他说:“通过煮沸自来水提取黄金或白银是毫无意义的,因为金属在重新进入饮用水供应系统前已被过滤掉了@._K[4[|.DJ18WcH4。”
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报oiEwo.Qozm@nZ*VAq*,s

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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