November 11 is Veterans Day in the United States. But because Veterans Day falls on a Saturday this year, Friday, November 10 is a federal holiday.
A "veteran" is anyone who has served in the armed forces. Veterans Day honors the living. A separate holiday, Memorial Day in May, honors those who died in military service.
The United States has about 18.5 million veterans. The term veteran is not just for those who have served in wars. It describes anyone who has ever been in the military.
On November 11, communities across the country hold ceremonies and parades to mark Veterans Day. Military bands play. Public officials take part in the events. And soldiers fire guns into the air in a salute to remember those who died in service to their country.
The history of Veterans Day relates to World War I. Many people at the time called it "the war to end all wars."
The United States entered the fighting in Europe in 1917. But the U.S. armed forces were small. So the government began to draft men between the ages of 21 and 31.
The men came from cities and farms. Some were rich. Others were poor. There were doctors, lawyers, businessmen, and college students. Many were married.
The following year, the government expanded the draft. Now it called on men between the ages of 18 and 45. More than 13 million reported for duty.
Many women joined the armed forces, too. Most got office jobs at military bases in the United States. Some, however, went to France to work as nurses in battlefield hospitals.
World War I ended when Germany surrendered at 11 o'clock in the morning on November 11, 1918 -- in other words, at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.
The following year, President Woodrow Wilson signed a declaration to observe November 11th as Armistice Day in the United States. It would be a day to honor the men and women who had served in the U.S. armed forces during the war.
In 1926, Congress made Armistice Day a national holiday.
But new problems were on the way. Soon, everyone knew that World War I would not be the war to end all wars.
In all, more than 4,000,000 Americans served in the armed forces during the first World War. And 16 million would serve during the second one.
Armistice Day in 1945 was a special day in the United States.
Germany had surrendered in May 1945. And Japan surrendered in August of that year.
Most of the men and women who had served in the war were home. So, instead of honoring just veterans of World War I, Americans also honored veterans of World War II.
In 1954, Congress decided to change the name of Armistice Day. The holiday became Veterans Day.
I'm Dorry Gundy.
1.relate to... 与……有关
All these questions relate to philosophy.
2.come from 来自
He's just come from the countryside.
3.call on 呼吁
One of Kenya's leading churchmen has called on the government to resign.
4.more than 超过
This island was ceded to Spain more than one hundred years ago.
5.So the government began to draft men between the ages of 21 and 31.
begin to do sth 开始做某事
In autumn the days begin to draw in.
The horns of some deer begin to shed.
6.Military bands play. Public officials take part in the events.
take part in 参加
Students should do surveys, visit museums, take part in charity work and hand in reports for teachers to decide on their marks.
Subjects or participants - Who will take part in your study ?
所谓“退伍军人”就是曾经在武装部队从过军的人 。退伍军人节是为了向活着的军人致敬 。5月的另一个节假日阵亡将士纪念日是为了向在从军期间殉职的军人致敬 。
美国大约有1850万退伍军人 。退伍军人这个词不仅适用于那些参加过战争的军人，也适用于任何曾经参过军的人 。
11月11日，全国各地的多个社群举行了列队仪式，以纪念退伍军人节，军乐队演奏 。政府公务人员也参加了许多纪念活动 。士兵们向天空鸣炮致敬，以纪念从军期间殉职的人 。
退伍军人节与一战有渊源 。那时候的许多人将其成为“结束所有战争的一场战争 。”
美国于1917年加入了欧洲的战斗 。但美国武装部队规模不大，所以美国政府开始启用21-31岁的男士 。
这些男人有的来自城市，有的来自农村 。有的富裕，有的贫穷 。有医生、律师、商人、大学学生 。很多人已经拖家带口了 。
第二年，政府扩招，开始招收18-45岁间的男士 。1300多万人参军 。
很多女性也加入了武装部队 。大多数人都在美国的军事基地得到了文职工作 。不过也有一些人去往法国的战地医院做护士 。
大多数在战争期间从过军的人都返回了故乡 。所以，美国人不仅纪念一战的退伍军人，还纪念二战的退伍军人 。
Dorry Gundy为您播报 。