Laboratory in Netherlands to Help Find Missing People Worldwide
Millions of people worldwide have been reported missing.
Many of them went missing as a result of armed conflicts, such as the war in Syria, or in other places of violence.
Large numbers of people disappear after natural disasters.
A new laboratory equipped with the latest technology seeks to help the families and friends of the missing.
In late October, the International Commission on Missing Persons, or ICMP in The Hague opened a laboratory to help identify missing individuals.
The lab is the latest effort for an organization that was established after the Srebrenica massacre. More than 8,000 Bosnian men and boys were killed after Bosnian Serb forces captured the town of Srebrenica in 1995. It is the only incident in the Bosnian conflict to be defined by two United Nations courts as genocide.
Since its creation, the International Commission on Missing Persons has identified 20,000 human remains and provided evidence in 30 criminal trials. It now helps to identify people who have been reporting missing during conflicts, natural disasters, or migration.
The group recently helped Ingrid Gudmundsson confirm that her pregnant daughter and her one-year-old granddaughter were killed in the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. They went missing after the huge wave struck the coast of Thailand, where they were staying.
Gudmundsson said it was important to know for sure what happened to them.
"You know, when you don't know where they are, when they are just missing, you - in your head – you always have some kind of hope even if your intellect tells you that it's impossible."
Scientists working at the laboratory say the new technology can identify people with a very small amount of DNA from a piece of bone. DNA carries genetic information in the cells of people, animals and plants.
Rene Huel is a scientist at the lab.
"What we do is cross-compare against the family samples in these massive databases. So we do this large-scale kinship comparison."
Human Rights activists hope the laboratory will help bring to justice to those guilty of war crimes.
Muhamad Abulhusun is a refugee and rights Activist.
"Any future settlement, it has to bring justice and it has to clear the destiny of the missing people because the families of those missing people are the stake holders in any future settlement."
The commission's director general, Kathryne Bomberger, noted that the group is also active in helping victims of abuse and violence.
I'm John Russell.
1.natural disasters 自然灾害
Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
2.went missing 失踪
A man who went missing yesterday during a blizzard has been found alive and well.
3.a piece of 一片；一块
I picked up a piece of wood and started carving.
4.armed conflicts 武装冲突
The influence of armed conflicts and local wars on the overall international situation has been remarkably weakened.
5.Many of them went missing as a result of armed conflicts, such as the war in Syria, or in other places of violence.
as a result of 因此；由于
As a result of this conflict he lost both his home and his means of livelihood.
Millions of people are threatened with starvation as a result of drought and poor harvests.
6.Since its creation, the International Commission on Missing Persons has identified 20,000 human remains and provided evidence in 30 criminal trials.
criminal trials 刑事案件
The quality of criminal trials is measured not only by conviction correctness, but also by sentence property.
Scientific evidence is an increasingly important part of both civil and criminal trials.
斯雷布雷尼察屠杀事件发生后，失踪人口委员会成立，而实验室是该委员会的最新成果 。1995年，波斯尼亚塞族部队占领了斯雷布雷尼察镇，超过8000名波斯尼亚人和男孩被杀害 。这是波斯尼亚冲突中唯一一个被两个联合国法庭认定为种族灭绝的案件 。
国际失踪人口委员会自成立以来已甄别了2万具人类残骸，为30起刑事案件提供了证据 。如今，该实验室帮助鉴定在战争冲突、自然灾害或移民时失踪的人员 。
近日，该委员会帮助英格丽德·古德蒙森（Ingrid Gudmundsson）确认了其怀孕的女儿和1岁的外孙女，她们在2004年的印度洋海啸丧生 。她们在海啸袭击了泰国海岸后便失踪了 。
“实验室的科学家表示，这项新技术可以从一块骨头上提取少量DNA来甄别失踪人口 。DNA携带着人类、动物和植物细胞的基因信息 。
雷内·于埃尔（Rene Huel）是该实验室的科学家 。
“我们需要做的就是在庞大的数据库中与家庭样本进行交叉比对 。我们就是在进行大规模的亲属关系比对 。”
难民穆罕默德·阿布胡松（Muhamad Abulhusun）也是人权活动人士 。
卡特琳·邦伯格（Kathryne Bomberger）是委员会总干事，她指出，人权活动团体也会积极帮助遭受虐待和暴力的群体 。