VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):荷兰DNA实验室助寻全球失踪人口
日期:2017-11-06 15:52

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Laboratory in Netherlands to Help Find Missing People Worldwide
Millions of people worldwide have been reported missing.
Many of them went missing as a result of armed conflicts, such as the war in Syria, or in other places of violence.
Large numbers of people disappear after natural disasters.
A new laboratory equipped with the latest technology seeks to help the families and friends of the missing.
In late October, the International Commission on Missing Persons, or ICMP in The Hague opened a laboratory to help identify missing individuals.
The lab is the latest effort for an organization that was established after the Srebrenica massacre. More than 8,000 Bosnian men and boys were killed after Bosnian Serb forces captured the town of Srebrenica in 1995. It is the only incident in the Bosnian conflict to be defined by two United Nations courts as genocide.
Since its creation, the International Commission on Missing Persons has identified 20,000 human remains and provided evidence in 30 criminal trials. It now helps to identify people who have been reporting missing during conflicts, natural disasters, or migration.
The group recently helped Ingrid Gudmundsson confirm that her pregnant daughter and her one-year-old granddaughter were killed in the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. They went missing after the huge wave struck the coast of Thailand, where they were staying.
Gudmundsson said it was important to know for sure what happened to them.
"You know, when you don't know where they are, when they are just missing, you - in your head – you always have some kind of hope even if your intellect tells you that it's impossible."
Scientists working at the laboratory say the new technology can identify people with a very small amount of DNA from a piece of bone. DNA carries genetic information in the cells of people, animals and plants.
Rene Huel is a scientist at the lab.
"What we do is cross-compare against the family samples in these massive databases. So we do this large-scale kinship comparison."
Human Rights activists hope the laboratory will help bring to justice to those guilty of war crimes.
Muhamad Abulhusun is a refugee and rights Activist.
"Any future settlement, it has to bring justice and it has to clear the destiny of the missing people because the families of those missing people are the stake holders in any future settlement."
The commission's director general, Kathryne Bomberger, noted that the group is also active in helping victims of abuse and violence.
I'm John Russell.

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重点解析

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1.natural disasters 自然灾害

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Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
天灾人祸打乱了政府的经济计划,Pk7~ee;2O8)ndv

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2.went missing 失踪

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A man who went missing yesterday during a blizzard has been found alive and well.
昨天在暴风雪中失踪的一名男子已经被找到,人安然无恙oXL*M9Hb^fw

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3.a piece of 一片;一块

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I picked up a piece of wood and started carving.
我拿起一块木头,开始雕刻起来G|oCzomBDMMJt~@J!

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4.armed conflicts 武装冲突

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The influence of armed conflicts and local wars on the overall international situation has been remarkably weakened.
武装冲突和局部战争对世界全局的影响明显减弱Usyg!+OK.4!)E0PYx,p

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5.Many of them went missing as a result of armed conflicts, such as the war in Syria, or in other places of violence.

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as a result of 因此;由于

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As a result of this conflict he lost both his home and his means of livelihood.
这场冲突使他同时失去了住所和生计来源ffg|sMZEFUg!s
Millions of people are threatened with starvation as a result of drought and poor harvests.
几百万人因干旱和歉收而受到饥饿的威胁iyv]Jrq.PSR5m7D*

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6.Since its creation, the International Commission on Missing Persons has identified 20,000 human remains and provided evidence in 30 criminal trials.

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criminal trials 刑事案件

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The quality of criminal trials is measured not only by conviction correctness, but also by sentence property.
衡量刑事审判工作质量的好坏,不仅考察定罪是否正确,还要考察量刑是否适当Af]jJ@xG7Z7Cv8*
Scientific evidence is an increasingly important part of both civil and criminal trials.
科学证据在民事和刑事审判中都占据着日益重要的地位Ay-et+5zXVmqO%xh6a

参考译文

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荷兰DNA实验室助寻全球失踪人口
报道称,全球的失踪人口达到数百万人%.t%wIRGxF%^
其中大多数是因武装冲突而失踪,比如叙利亚战争或其他地区的暴力冲突cMjd)q&O,0LHm(F
自然灾害过后也会出现大量的人口失踪AH14cVfIV4*
一个配备了最新技术的新型实验室试图帮助失踪人口的亲友fHMtdh38wjD4b2*Mlk
10月末,海牙国际失踪人口委员会(ICMP)成立了一个帮助鉴别失踪人口的实验室vOJ*;eMAEcs=0#C^
斯雷布雷尼察屠杀事件发生后,失踪人口委员会成立,而实验室是该委员会的最新成果[nKAWHQ|Tg=77~B。1995年,波斯尼亚塞族部队占领了斯雷布雷尼察镇,超过8000名波斯尼亚人和男孩被杀害v4KHF,1inVW5|;。这是波斯尼亚冲突中唯一一个被两个联合国法庭认定为种族灭绝的案件!ID0O+hG2)0%FFqU4

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荷兰DNA实验室帮助寻找世界各地失踪人员.png
国际失踪人口委员会自成立以来已甄别了2万具人类残骸,为30起刑事案件提供了证据B,K(|^7k[81MI。如今,该实验室帮助鉴定在战争冲突、自然灾害或移民时失踪的人员a892[tC&o!*ulK1hS)|]
近日,该委员会帮助英格丽德·古德蒙森(Ingrid Gudmundsson)确认了其怀孕的女儿和1岁的外孙女,她们在2004年的印度洋海啸丧生i~w&,o3q)*&0o0ODTP(。她们在海啸袭击了泰国海岸后便失踪了hcPQP7J+8rf;
古德蒙森表示,确定她们究竟经历了什么,这十分重要^ZSh5JloX9PWcmE#eu##
“她们刚失踪时,你不知道她们到底身在何方,而你的脑海中依然会抱有一丝希望,即使理智告诉你找到她们的希望已十分渺茫M)o=!=;3~IBVAdA。”
“实验室的科学家表示,这项新技术可以从一块骨头上提取少量DNA来甄别失踪人口S.Ob8,RCz|_YWf+&p6B。DNA携带着人类、动物和植物细胞的基因信息zkgcI4W9Kp|
雷内·于埃尔(Rene Huel)是该实验室的科学家zL)iQ[j3F!G
“我们需要做的就是在庞大的数据库中与家庭样本进行交叉比对W0!,*jpvRXm。我们就是在进行大规模的亲属关系比对D^#+XE%|=1unaBq。”
人权活动人士希望,该实验室能协助将犯有战争罪行的人绳之以法,@uq~VoppqoI7X
难民穆罕默德·阿布胡松(Muhamad Abulhusun)也是人权活动人士xJf0e8G).rcW~Cj
“无论何时,都必须伸张正义,知晓失踪人员的下落,因为失踪人员的亲属才是与未来安置问题利益攸关的人*uWGw!yi&*deS)|[。”
卡特琳·邦伯格(Kathryne Bomberger)是委员会总干事,她指出,人权活动团体也会积极帮助遭受虐待和暴力的群体%ot7qNZOY%
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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