VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):德国迎马丁·路德宗教改革500周年
日期:2017-11-02 17:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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500 Years Since Martin Luther Launched Christian Reformation
Here's What's Trending Today...
Martin Luther and his 95 Theses were trending on Google Tuesday.
It is a strange place to find Luther, who lived 500 years ago in what is now Germany. He was a Roman Catholic religious worker, who became a professor of theology.
Luther disagreed with some of the Catholic Church's teachings. He especially disliked the custom of selling indulgences. It enabled wealthy people to pay the church to free themselves of their sins. In other words, clergy could clear them of any wrongdoing or violation of Catholic teachings.
On October 31 in the year 1517, Luther reportedly left his 95 Theses on the door of the Castle Church in the town of Wittenberg. His writings disputed the Catholic Church's power over believers. He said that one's trust in God, not actions, would lead to salvation.
Luther wrote "Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of Saint Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers?"
Some historians question whether Luther actually did nail his theses to the door of the church. But all agree that his writings spread with the help of the printing press. His Theses became a kind of 16th century trending topic across central Europe. The Pope condemned them as conflicting with the Church's teachings.
The incident launched what became known as Reformation and led to the Protestant movement to break away from the Catholic Church.
On the 500th anniversary of Luther's act of resistance, members of German youth organizations nailed their own theses to the doors of 300 churches around Berlin.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and others attended a religious service at Castle Church in Wittenberg. And October 31, Reformation Day, was a public holiday in all of Germany.
And that is What's Trending.
I'm Jill Robbins.

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重点解析

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1.lead to 导致

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A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
不够谨慎可能会导致财政上出现问题_F9d]Z9Xj=qs

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2.public holiday 公共假日

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The government declared Easter Monday a public holiday.
政府宣布复活节后的星期一是公共假日(KXHHe8[m2WhEo

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3.printing press 印刷机

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The printing press is a machine that can make lots of books in a short time.
印刷机是短时间内可以制成大量书籍的机器Hn!l1v3zVEYixF

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4.central Europe 中欧

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We have also seen extreme movements in the UK, Spain, Ireland and in central Europe.
我们也在英国、西班牙、爱尔兰和中欧看到了极端走势u0PhHs18b2

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5.Luther wrote "Why does not the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of Saint Peter with his own money rather than with the money of poor believers?"

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rather than 退出

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The zoo needed better management rather than more money.
这座动物园需要更好的管理,而不是更多的资金VK=H8LM%]kzM4kpn^Qd
The opposition appear to have chosen the path of cooperation rather than confrontation.
反对派似乎已经选择了合作而不是对抗的路线j.Ou6lYTK|Hwa3

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6.In other words, clergy could clear them of any wrongdoing or violation of Catholic teachings.

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In other words 换言之

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In other words, the system broke.
换句话说,系统瘫痪了C=rLC_X[o)ZTI
In other words, we have to build different corporate cultures and ways of working.
换句话说,我们必须建立不同的企业文化和运作方式f2A6emdacn6sL

参考译文

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德国迎马丁·路德宗教改革500周年纪念
这里是《今日热点》节目-LIc&C8GyNN^rj+
周二,马丁·路德(Martin Luther)和其《95条论纲》登上谷歌热搜&(Jl+Q!~m|
马丁·路德500年前生活在德国一处神秘的地方uqf;mN*=i(qcX|ljFg。当时,他是罗马天主教的一名宗教人员,后来成为神学教授U*[x!;)0I36Om0m[.HVl
路德不认可天主教堂教义中的某些观点;udZ#LZs;4!(=MM。他尤其反感出售赎罪卷的行为,1Uep8V1Avlzf。富人购买赎罪券来洗清自己的罪恶U-O]V.O[x74SMew.I。也就是说,牧师可以赦免他们所有的过错或违反天主教教义的行为|SLja6s&6#

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马丁·路德宗教改革500周年.jpg
据传,1517年10月31日,路德在维滕堡城堡教堂的大门贴上了《95条论纲》;AjGkhNV+pTc。他的论纲挑战了天主教堂对信徒的权威oFllHm+lp^。他认为,唯有信仰上帝才能得到救赎hm*i2DpGe%
路德写道:“教皇的财富如今超越了罗马首富(克拉苏),为何建设圣彼得教堂时不用自己的钱却用贫穷信徒的钱呢?”
一些历史学家对路德将论纲贴在教堂大门一事提出质疑S;Jq]Ds]x5。不过,历史学家们一致认可,印刷机促进了该论纲的广泛传播WUS.#]PidvE。《95条论纲》成为16世纪中欧的热门话题BIh|rhK40M=iIaEzPb。教皇谴责该论纲与教堂的教义相冲突T3%%V8hjU;]u061E
这一事件被称为“宗教改革”并促使新教运动脱离天主教会.fGgDnFOvgYJa&z
在马丁·路德反抗运动500周年的纪念仪式上,德国青年组织成员将自己的论纲钉在了柏林300多座教堂的大门上]M7&@9NCj-6^.[r33ArO
德国总理默克尔(Merkel)和其他官员出席了维腾堡城堡教堂举办的宗教活动lr*R,*1#HUHx2V。每年10月31日的宗教改革日成为德国公共假期XtN8K)T*Z;O8).k+oKH
以上为《今日热点》#vwsi!,5nb)M]nK]jbh
吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报|LN7L[u.V!Oy-p

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • extremeadj. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,极限
  • movementn. 活动,运动,移动,[音]乐章
  • prudencen. 审慎,慎重,精心明辨
  • theologyn. 神学
  • salvationn. 得救,拯救,赎罪
  • cooperationn. 合作,协作
  • incidentn. 事件,事变,插曲 adj. 难免的,附带的
  • corporateadj. 社团的,法人的,共同的,全体的
  • saintn. 圣人,圣徒 vt. 把 ... 封为圣人
  • violationn. 违反,违背,妨碍