Pollution Is the World’s Number One Killer
A new study has identified pollution as the world's No. 1 killer.
Study organizers say pollution is responsible for more premature deaths than war, terrorism, natural disasters, smoking and disease. By premature death, the researchers mean dying before the average age of death within a population group. Many of these deaths can be prevented.
A report on the study was published in the medical journal Lancet.
The researchers looked at pollution levels, both inside enclosed buildings and in the world around us. They estimated that pollution killed about 9 million people in 2015. That would represent one of every six deaths worldwide.
Karti Sandilya helped to prepare the report. He said "Pollution threatens fundamental human rights, such as the right to life, health, well-being, safe work as well as protections of children and the most vulnerable."
The report said the large majority of pollution-related deaths take place in developing countries. The researchers say leaders in those countries are more concerned about building their economies and public services than environmental controls.
Some of the most affected countries are Bangladesh, China, Haiti, India, Pakistan, North Korea and South Sudan.
But Richard Fuller, another writer of the report, said pollution is tied to slow economic development in both rich and poor nations.
He said "There is this myth that finance ministers still live by, that you have to let industry pollute or else you won't develop. What people don't realize ... people who are sick or dead cannot contribute to the economy. They need to be looked after."
The report said that 9 million premature deaths a year is only a conservative estimate. It says the actual number is likely to be much higher.
A separate study by the World Bank said reducing pollution must be a top goal. It says that solving this problem would lead to solutions to other crises, including malnutrition and rising temperatures on Earth's surface.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.medical journal 医学杂志
They reported their findings in The Lancet medical journal.
2.look after 照顾；照料
We'll help you look after your finances.
3.natural disasters 自然灾害
Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
4.premature deaths 过早死亡
Premature deaths are often due to heart problems, fatty tumors or atherosclerosis.
5.Study organizers say pollution is responsible for more premature deaths than war, terrorism, natural disasters, smoking and disease.
be responsible for 对...负责
We are all entirely responsible for our actions, and for our reactions.
I feel partly responsible for the problems we're in.
6.The report said the large majority of pollution-related deaths take place in developing countries.
take place 发生；举行
A total solar eclipse is due to take place some time tomorrow.
Elections were postponed the day before polling was due to take place.
研究组织者称，因污染导致的过早死亡人数甚至超过了战争、恐怖主义、自然灾害、吸烟以及疾病 。研究人员所说的“过早死亡”是指不到人均死亡年龄 。这种死亡绝大部分是可以预防的 。
研究人员对封闭式建筑及周遭环境的污染水平进行了调查 。据估计，2015年因污染死亡的人数约900万，占全球死亡人数的六分之一 。
Karti Sandilya帮助起草了这份报告 。他说：“污染威胁到基本人权，例如生命、健康、福利待遇、安全工作及对儿童和弱势群体的保护 。”
报告指出，绝大多数因污染造成的死亡发生在发展中国家 。研究人员称，发展中国家的领导层更注重建设经济和公共服务，而不是环境保护 。
不过，理查德·富勒（Richard Fuller）指出，污染与发达国家和落后国家的经济发展缓慢有关 。
他说：“财政部长仍然笃信一种荒诞信条：工业不污染，经济难发展 。只是人们没有意识到，病患或死者无法为经济做贡献 。他们需要接受照顾 。”
世界银行的另一项研究表明，减少污染必须要作为最高目标 。研究表明，解决污染问题有利于解决其它危机，包括营养不良及地表温度上升 。