VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人担心机器人会抢"饭碗"
日期:2017-10-26 11:49

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Americans Worry Robots Will Take Jobs, Leave Nothing to Do
Americans are worried about new technology.
They are concerned that machines, including robots, will take over work now done by humans.
These findings come from a new report by the Pew Research Center of Washington D.C.
More inequality feared
About 75 percent of Americans questioned by Pew said automation will increase income inequality between the rich and the middle class and poor.
And 64 percent of people expect automation to be so common in America that people will face difficulty finding things to do with their lives.
Some of the concerns about technology come from a distrust about whether machines will always make the right decision. Pew said many Americans believe humans have better judgement in dealing with complex matters -- or when there is not one clear answer.
One example is selecting a person for a job. Three-quarters of Americans said they would not want to apply for a job that uses a computer program to choose the most qualified person.
Americans have similar doubts about riding in a car without a driver. The Pew Research Center found that 56 percent of Americans would not ride in a driverless car. Fifty-nine percent said they would not use a robot caregiver.
Government should step in
Most Americans want the government to limit automation.
For example, 87 percent support a requirement that all driverless vehicles have a human in the driver's seat who can take control when needed. And 85 percent want to limit machines to mostly doing jobs that are dangerous or unhealthy for humans.
About 33 percent of Americans believe that their own jobs are threatened by automation. About one in five said they knew someone whose hours were cut, or whose jobs were lost all together because of automation.
And only 25 percent expect more jobs to come from automation, Pew said.
Mark Zuckerberg, the co-founder of Facebook, spoke last May to graduating seniors from Harvard University in Massachusetts. His talk centered on the uncertain future facing young people.
"Our generation will have to deal with tens of millions of jobs replaced by automation like self-driving cars and trucks," Zuckerberg told the graduates.
Zuckerberg said young people will have to find projects that will bring both jobs and direct benefits to the people of the world.
He said in his speech that 300,000 people worked to put a man on the moon, and millions of people built the Hoover Dam as well as other great projects over the last 100 years.
Zuckerberg also said, "Now, it's our turn to do great things. I know you're probably thinking, ‘I don't know how to build a dam or get a million people involved in anything.' But let me tell you a secret. No one does when they begin. Ideas don't come out fully formed. They only become clear as you work on them. You just have to get started."
Pew questioned over 4,000 people last May for its research on how Americans see automation.
I'm Bruce Alpert.

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重点解析

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1.worried about 担心

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If you are worried about some aspect of your child's health, call us.
如果你担心孩子某方面的健康问题,请给我们打电话LHjt32hh~|14Qtb=

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2.get start 开始

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I guess you're right, I got to go get started.
我想你说的对,我要开始动笔写了LZR4pIa#,ZyiK2MPd

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3.center on 集中于

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Her research is centered on the social effects of unemployment.
她的研究课题是失业对社会的影响_1QEvRR&Eag.m,fh

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4.driverless vehicles 无人驾驶汽车

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These driverless vehicles are guided by magnetic sensors, powered by solar electricity, and they stop automatically if an obstacle appears.
这些无人驾驶的交通工具由磁感应器指引,太阳能供电,碰到障碍物会自动停下W6YSm2w1P&cuU(rl9

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5.For example, 87 percent support a requirement that all driverless vehicles have a human in the driver's seat who can take control when needed.

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take control 控制

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He failed in his attempt to take control of the company.
他试图掌控公司,但以失败告终g%cCF[ASU,F
He used brute force to take control.
他靠暴力获得了统治权sG)oZ=,]#uyRE3Th2m

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6.He said in his speech that 300,000 people worked to put a man on the moon, and millions of people built the Hoover Dam as well as other great projects over the last 100 years.

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as well as 也;还有

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They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
他们参观了这所学校,还参观了工厂和医院LYLh@0c5P&x
Whoever did him in removed a man who was brave as well as ruthless.
无论谁杀了他,都是除掉了一个既勇猛又残忍的人[br]6W!!r9ygB=8i

参考译文

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美国人担心机器人抢走工作岗位
美国人对新技术担忧不已aR2=.gMP^9T0Pmd
他们担心机器人等机器会接管人类目前从事的工作PvEIqsnVz+((-E#
该结论出自华盛顿特区皮尤研究中心的一份新报告f5hJzL!V!Grq~Yg
担心不平等会加剧
在皮尤调查的美国人中,约75%的人认为自动化会扩大富人与中产阶级及穷人之间的收入差距(XO7!o_1.MJPA
约64%的人认为,自动化在美国大范围普及后,人们将无事可做Q-@3n^348se2tJCp
技术方面的担忧还包括机器是否能一直做出正确决定#]uHe&Q(-.1X。皮尤表示,很多美国人认为,人类在处理复杂问题或没有明确答案的问题时拥有更佳的判断力,7Y+F29sooNLmeprG
例如招聘!;[i~EZ@8%TV03Kd[v;v。四分之三的美国人表示,他们不会申请一个利用电脑程序挑选应聘者的岗位*mEe4pA6pi5_H=09&sM
美国人对搭乘无人驾驶汽车也抱有类似疑虑Qr6W,!vT%(w2i。皮尤研究中心发现,56%的美国人不会乘坐无人驾驶汽车cB7Mf!mwsP^lYTf。59%的美国人称不会接受机器人护理mg6lA^]UWAy*inGch[SA

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美国人机器人抢工作机会.jpg
政府应该介入
大多数美国人希望政府限制自动化(gw,S[5X&TBD=w%4.
例如,87%的美国人支持政府出台政策,规定所有无人驾驶汽车在必要时必须由司机驾驶=Fr4T|U=#2Qxh。另有85%的美国人希望机器主要从事对人类来说危险或有害的工作3haKLvIPjKj
约33%的美国人认为他们的工作受到了自动化的威胁SKs19+VJle8KH。约20%的美国人表示,他们知道周围有人因自动化导致工作时间被缩减甚至失业OsXNpJnK16QP1(&qi9k
皮尤指出,只有25%的人认为自动化会创造更多的就业机会mulLP3-;)=u@
5月份,脸书(Facebook)联合创始人扎克伯格在马萨诸塞州为哈佛大学的毕业生发表了演讲r_ga1]X,(;O~!。他的演讲主要围绕着年轻人将面临的未知的未来G[*tN37[o;I^j(]7vaK
扎克伯格向毕业生们表示:“我们这一代必须要面对数以万计的工作岗位被自动化代替的现实,如自动驾驶#auxjJ~y;0OX-hZzS7。”
扎克伯格称,年轻人必须开发能够为全球人民创造就业岗位和直接利益的项目UkB6fB)0#F#1JS@BS[X|
他在演讲中指出,过去的100多年里,有30万人努力把一个人送上月球,数百万人建造了胡佛大坝和其它伟大工程1BIpAXEU,+*OZv26Y
扎克伯格还表示:“现在该我们继续这一伟大的接力h-aO3BUP|!I557SdPP。你可能会想,‘我可不懂如何建造大坝,或领导一百万人参与到某一伟大工程中来Eeb#8r=mKgo。’但是我告诉你一个秘密,没有人一开始就轻车熟路MWhvyzrAfFcnO6-JT&4。想法也并非在最初就完全成型9mJ.a2hCs&Cm。只有投入身心,思路才会逐渐清晰3NLIv)d4OBp。你要做的就是行动起来xh=z3d7RUG。”
5月份,皮尤就美国人如何看待自动化对4000多人进行了调查Qtj0MH,5yEu
布鲁斯·阿尔珀特为您播报[GHY#XR1w_U

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • ruthlessadj. 残忍的,无情的
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • obstaclen. 障碍,绊脚石
  • dealingn. 经营方法,行为态度 (复数)dealings:商务
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • automaticallyadv. 自动地,机械地
  • complexadj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的 n. 复合体,综合体,
  • damn. 水坝,堤,障碍物 vt. 筑坝,抑制(情感等)
  • distrustn. 不信任 vt. 不信任