Americans Worry Robots Will Take Jobs, Leave Nothing to Do
Americans are worried about new technology.
They are concerned that machines, including robots, will take over work now done by humans.
These findings come from a new report by the Pew Research Center of Washington D.C.
More inequality feared
About 75 percent of Americans questioned by Pew said automation will increase income inequality between the rich and the middle class and poor.
And 64 percent of people expect automation to be so common in America that people will face difficulty finding things to do with their lives.
Some of the concerns about technology come from a distrust about whether machines will always make the right decision. Pew said many Americans believe humans have better judgement in dealing with complex matters -- or when there is not one clear answer.
One example is selecting a person for a job. Three-quarters of Americans said they would not want to apply for a job that uses a computer program to choose the most qualified person.
Americans have similar doubts about riding in a car without a driver. The Pew Research Center found that 56 percent of Americans would not ride in a driverless car. Fifty-nine percent said they would not use a robot caregiver.
Government should step in
Most Americans want the government to limit automation.
For example, 87 percent support a requirement that all driverless vehicles have a human in the driver's seat who can take control when needed. And 85 percent want to limit machines to mostly doing jobs that are dangerous or unhealthy for humans.
About 33 percent of Americans believe that their own jobs are threatened by automation. About one in five said they knew someone whose hours were cut, or whose jobs were lost all together because of automation.
And only 25 percent expect more jobs to come from automation, Pew said.
Mark Zuckerberg, the co-founder of Facebook, spoke last May to graduating seniors from Harvard University in Massachusetts. His talk centered on the uncertain future facing young people.
"Our generation will have to deal with tens of millions of jobs replaced by automation like self-driving cars and trucks," Zuckerberg told the graduates.
Zuckerberg said young people will have to find projects that will bring both jobs and direct benefits to the people of the world.
He said in his speech that 300,000 people worked to put a man on the moon, and millions of people built the Hoover Dam as well as other great projects over the last 100 years.
Zuckerberg also said, "Now, it's our turn to do great things. I know you're probably thinking, ‘I don't know how to build a dam or get a million people involved in anything.' But let me tell you a secret. No one does when they begin. Ideas don't come out fully formed. They only become clear as you work on them. You just have to get started."
Pew questioned over 4,000 people last May for its research on how Americans see automation.
I'm Bruce Alpert.
1.worried about 担心
If you are worried about some aspect of your child's health, call us.
2.get start 开始
I guess you're right, I got to go get started.
3.center on 集中于
Her research is centered on the social effects of unemployment.
4.driverless vehicles 无人驾驶汽车
These driverless vehicles are guided by magnetic sensors, powered by solar electricity, and they stop automatically if an obstacle appears.
5.For example, 87 percent support a requirement that all driverless vehicles have a human in the driver's seat who can take control when needed.
take control 控制
He failed in his attempt to take control of the company.
He used brute force to take control.
6.He said in his speech that 300,000 people worked to put a man on the moon, and millions of people built the Hoover Dam as well as other great projects over the last 100 years.
as well as 也；还有
They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
Whoever did him in removed a man who was brave as well as ruthless.
技术方面的担忧还包括机器是否能一直做出正确决定 。皮尤表示，很多美国人认为，人类在处理复杂问题或没有明确答案的问题时拥有更佳的判断力 。
例如招聘 。四分之三的美国人表示，他们不会申请一个利用电脑程序挑选应聘者的岗位 。
美国人对搭乘无人驾驶汽车也抱有类似疑虑 。皮尤研究中心发现，56%的美国人不会乘坐无人驾驶汽车 。59%的美国人称不会接受机器人护理 。
例如，87%的美国人支持政府出台政策，规定所有无人驾驶汽车在必要时必须由司机驾驶 。另有85%的美国人希望机器主要从事对人类来说危险或有害的工作 。
约33%的美国人认为他们的工作受到了自动化的威胁 。约20%的美国人表示，他们知道周围有人因自动化导致工作时间被缩减甚至失业 。
5月份，脸书（Facebook）联合创始人扎克伯格在马萨诸塞州为哈佛大学的毕业生发表了演讲 。他的演讲主要围绕着年轻人将面临的未知的未来 。
扎克伯格还表示：“现在该我们继续这一伟大的接力 。你可能会想，‘我可不懂如何建造大坝，或领导一百万人参与到某一伟大工程中来 。’但是我告诉你一个秘密，没有人一开始就轻车熟路 。想法也并非在最初就完全成型 。只有投入身心，思路才会逐渐清晰 。你要做的就是行动起来 。”