Stephen Hawking Paper ‘Breaks’ Cambridge Website
This is What's Trending Today...
Many universities this week are marking "Open Access Week." The yearly event centers on improving the online availability of academic research to the public.
Cambridge University in England celebrated by releasing the 1966 doctoral thesis of Stephen Hawking for free online. Hawking was a graduate student at Cambridge from 1962 to 1966.
Hawking is the world's best-known physicist. He completed his thesis, "Properties of Expanding Universes," when he was just 24 years old. The work explores ideas about the origins of the universe -- ideas that Hawking has studied throughout his career.
News of Hawking's publicly available thesis spread quickly. Within hours, Cambridge's website collapsed because of the high number of people trying to access Hawking's research paper.
A Cambridge spokesman said in a statement, "We have had a huge response to Professor Hawking's decision to make his PhD thesis publicly available to download, with almost 60,000 downloads in less than 24 hours." The spokesman said that, as a result of the popularity, the website may perform slowly at times.
Hawking's research was already the most-requested item in Cambridge's library. He recently gave the university permission to make it an "Open Access" document.
Hawking said he hoped making his thesis freely available for everyone would "inspire people around the world to look up at the stars and not look down at their feet; to wonder about our place in the universe and to try to make sense of the cosmos."
Hawking's newly available thesis -- and talk of how it shut down Cambridge's website -- became trending topics on Twitter and Facebook.
Many on social media said they were pleased that so many people around the world are interested in reading Hawking's research.
Others wrote that they "loved" that Hawking is the famous person "breaking the internet" this week.
And that's What's Trending Today...
1.centers on 以...为中心
The research centers on what's called social, or imitative learning.
2.academic research 学术研究
I am ahead of academic research in this area.
3.doctoral thesis 博士论文
My professor gave me a lot of helpful guidance while I was writing my doctoral thesis.
4.shut down 关闭
It is required by law to shut down banks which it regards as chronically short of capital
5.The spokesman said that, as a result of the popularity, the website may perform slowly at times.
As a result of 由于
As a result of this conflict he lost both his home and his means of livelihood.
Millions of people are threatened with starvation as a result of drought and poor harvests.
6.To wonder about our place in the universe and to try to make sense of the cosmos."
make sense of 弄清楚
Both boys are trying to make sense of the world while seeking stability and independence.
I can't make sense of this poem, but perhaps I will if I read it again.
本周，多所大学纷纷纪念“开放存取周” 。这一年度活动的目的是提高学术研究的在线利用效率 。
英国剑桥大学公开了1966年斯蒂芬·霍金（Stephen Hawking）的博士论文，可供读者免费下载 。霍金是剑桥大学的研究生 。
他也是全球最著名的物理学家 。他在24岁时完成了题为《宇宙膨胀的性质》的论文 。文中所探讨的宇宙起源观点贯穿了霍金的整个职业生涯 。
霍金公开论文的新闻迅速传播 。几个小时内，剑桥网站因访问霍金博士论文的人数太多而崩溃 。
剑桥大学的发言人在声明中称，霍金教授决定在网上公开其博士论文（可免费下载）引起了热烈的反响，该论文在不到24小时内被下载约6万次 。”发言人还指出，因访问人数太多导致网站一度运行缓慢 。
剑桥大学说，霍金的论文研究是其图书馆资源库中检索次数最多的文献 。近日，霍金同意剑桥大学将其论文列入“开放存取”资料库 。