VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):全球约四分之三的儿童遭受暴力
日期:2017-10-17 18:45

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Three Out of Four Children Experience Violence
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
Each year nearly three out of four children around the world experience some kind of violence.
A new report confirms that finding and another troubling development: Childhood violence is linked with violence against women. Children who see their mother being abused are more likely to be abused as an adult or become abusers themselves.
The report is called "Ending Violence in Childhood: Global Report 2017."
The study was prepared for a children's rights group called Know Violence in Childhood. The organization was launched in India three years ago.
The study found that childhood violence happens nearly everywhere -- in rich and poor countries alike. It affects an estimated 1.7 billion children every year.
This violence includes fighting or bullying -- the mistreatment or abuse of someone by a stronger or more powerful individual. It can also include sexual abuse, sexual violence and physical punishment, both at home and in school. The researchers did not include violence from war and other events.
Ramya Subrahmanian is executive director of Know Violence in Childhood. She said that children experience emotional and physical punishment at young ages -- some from as early as two years of age.
She adds that violence is a learned behavior that comes from deep, long-held cultural values. For example, in some societies, beating is a form of discipline.
Economic cost of childhood violence
The researchers say there is also an economic cost to society when children experience violence. They found that children who experience violence at home are more likely to miss school or even leave school and never return. They are less likely to get an education and succeed in life.
Know Violence in Childhood reports that up to 8% of the world's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is spent on repairing the damage caused by childhood violence. GDP is usually defined as the total value of all goods and services. The report notes that even with such a high cost, governments fail to invest in policies that could stop the causes of childhood violence.
The group's website explores ways to end the violence.
It reports that experts say the first step is to speak out about violence against children. Keeping silent only increases the chance that violence will continue. The experts also say that it is important to educate caregivers and empower children to be strong and resilient.
The report says that anti-violence education needs to be included in school systems, community programs and in health services.
And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.
I'm Anna Matteo.

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重点解析

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1.rights group 权益组织

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His company is working with the Kenyan government and a children's rights group.
他的公司正在和肯尼亚政府以及儿童权利保护组织合作%~ka;4pTNR9mTQ;T)

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2.health services 卫生服务

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The fund is earmarked for public health services.
这笔资金是专为卫生服务用的);E@=|5[-=I4#0*Tdb

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3.speak out 大声说出

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He has the courage to speak out what he thinks right.
他敢于说出他认为正确的东西U6mv8OzCg[I4=-Vz

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4.sexual abuse 性虐待

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Reports of sexual abuse also surfaced recently in Germany and elsewhere.
关于性虐待的报告在德国和欧洲其他地方也浮出水面6D_Lm^PB;#&V=+Uh%60

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5.It can also include sexual abuse, sexual violence and physical punishment, both at home and in school.

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take place 发生;举行

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Some even put forward a proposal that regarding physical punishment upon children as a crime.
一些人甚至提出一个建议,视体罚学生为一种犯罪LVPZ#R^w1[Dd
He never once used physical punishment on me.
他从来没有对我用过体罚X~=~^Ormx,xacKi|3

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6.The researchers say there is also an economic cost to society when children experience violence.

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economic cost 经济成本

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She says poor management of chemicals has a high economic cost.
她说化学物品管理不当会产生很高的经济成本E(UFvNJZVL
If a country is using only half of its resources, there will be an economic cost.
如果一个国家仅使用其一半的资源,就会为此付出经济代价AMG6T=Xh|Krwe

参考译文

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全球约四分之三的儿童遭受暴力
这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活报道a#I*s;7xkqQ~MP
全球每年约四分之三的儿童会遭遇某种类型的暴力E4elIESyNx
一项新报告证实了这一结果及另一令人不安的发展态势:童年时期的暴力与针对妇女的暴力有关lLb1|sn9d@gy^Dz~。那些看到母亲被虐待的儿童成年后更易被虐待或成为施虐者6E;IyS~4=7Ew+-Sno8
这份报告名为《终止童年暴力:2017年全球报告》F[(K9hdYDm.E
这项研究是为一个儿童权益组织准备的,该组织名为“了解童年暴力”1wF@eR~4m9lS.tQ;。该组织于三年前在印度成立2-UW,2g[l2;s

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全球约四分之三的儿童遭遇暴力.png
研究发现,无论是发达国家还是落后国家,儿童暴力几乎无处不在lo^*+;C9aTI&D-+。每年约有17亿儿童受到暴力影响]vqbQ1MWIA6|f%rg
这种暴力包括斗殴和欺凌-oYU]437Gm]。欺凌是指健硕或权势的一方虐待他人M^O7~e8XNk1D1I0。包括在家中和校内的对他人实施性虐待、性暴力和体罚h)Jp*Yz67Us0oGvkR(7c。研究人员没有将因战争和其它事件产生的暴力纳入范围&]rrFYGdS;U4QYE
雅拉姆(Ramya Subrahmanian)是“了解童年暴力”的执行董事;R7Rg)4]]XX%iVt。她表示,儿童在年幼时会经历情感和身体方面的惩罚,有些人甚至在2岁时就经历过+1wQeTIxlhW
她还指出,暴力是一种从深远、长期的文化价值观中习得的行为s)HHuIJyzr+tG^Fyc4。例如,在某些社会中,殴打是一种纪律zJlOT0E#r~_4
儿童暴力的经济损失
研究人员表示,当儿童遭受暴力时,社会也会遭受经济损失Y,JV*S6*kt9[5-2A[。他们发现,遭遇家庭暴力的儿童更易逃学,甚至完全辍学Cfx+Chi#~X6IDDL2。他们接受教育并获得成功的几率更小;%;34JFi^T
“了解童年暴力”的报告指出,全球GDP的8%用于修复童年暴力造成的损害CLWZkzSRkVx7gHP1OV。GDP通常是指所有商品和服务的总价值%Szj^K@nffU0t^9|%。报告指出,即便如此高昂的开支,政府也未能出台一些遏制儿童暴力现象的相关政策t6F,jOWe%zL%C*0AqO,Q
该组织的网站探索了终结暴力的方法x@gcOl&.|;7m(|F
该组织的报告显示,专家称首先要大声说出暴力侵害儿童的行为&23&2;jL;NS7;Q;m。沉默只会让暴力行为有增无减JY2;t7[0sTT*]Ac8ht,w。专家还指出,教育看护人、让儿童变强大、坚韧很重要#E-%[j*u5&*QI
报告指出,反暴力教育需要纳入到学校系统、社区项目和卫生服务中D|*4^|+hsNf1w
以上为健康生活报道的全部内容8^f3jqSi=HtdeM
安娜·马特奥为您播报aS6.!kxGWmTg

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • definedadj. 有定义的,确定的;清晰的,轮廓分明的 v. 使
  • proposaln. 求婚,提议,建议
  • executiveadj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令 n
  • violencen. 暴力,猛烈,强暴,暴行
  • communityn. 社区,社会,团体,共同体,公众,[生]群落
  • empowervt. 授与权力,增加自主权
  • disciplinen. 训练,纪律,惩罚,学科 vt. 训练,惩罚
  • emotionaladj. 感情的,情绪的
  • directorn. 董事,经理,主管,指导者,导演