VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国宣布退出教科文组织
日期:2017-10-15 08:22

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US to Leave UNESCO over Anti-Israel Bias
The United States is pulling out of UNESCO, the United Nations organization that encourages worldwide cooperation in education, science, and culture.
In a statement on Thursday, the U.S. State Department says a "need for fundamental reform" and "anti-Israel bias" are reasons for the withdrawal. The decision will take effect Dec. 31, 2018. The U.S. will seek a "permanent observer" status instead.
The United States stopped funding UNESCO after it voted to include Palestine as a member in 2011. But it has kept an office at UNESCO and owes about $550 million in back payments.
U.S. officials said Secretary of State Rex Tillerson made the decision. The officials, who remained unnamed, said the United States is angry over UNESCO resolutions denying Jewish connection to holy sites and Israel's rights to Jerusalem.
Hours later, Israel said that it would also be leaving the UN agency. The office of Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the U.S. withdrawal "a courageous and moral decision."
The announcement came as the cultural organization is choosing a new director. The outgoing UNESCO chief, Irina Bokova of Bulgaria, called the U.S. withdrawal a loss for "the United Nations family."
She also noted UNESCO efforts to support Holocaust education and train teachers to fight anti-Semitism. She added that the Statue of Liberty is among the many World Heritage sites protected by the organization.
It is not the first time that the United States has withdrawn from UNESCO. In the 1980s, it left because it viewed the organization as poorly managed, corrupt and used to advance Soviet interests.
The U.S. rejoined in 2003.
Other UNESCO members did not immediately comment on the U.S. withdrawal.

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重点解析

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1.poorly managed 管理不善

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It would be irresponsible of me to encourage you to invest in the poorly managed company.
如果我鼓励你投资于该管理不善的公司,那是不负责任@ilUQb_q*QGD

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2.fundamental reform 根本性变革

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There is no appetite for fundamental reform, they are just going to wait.
他们没有兴趣实施彻底的改革,就打算这么拖着W9^oMfPd]z@

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3.back payments 逾期支付

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A great many back payments are included in it, I assure you.
许多的逾期支付都包括在里面了,我向你担保.X9xmLR|G-8Uy,XLco#v

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4.be angry over 对...感到气愤

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She often gets angry over nothing.
她常无缘无故生气ZuHsH(h#%W^#

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5.The United States is pulling out of UNESCO, the United Nations organization that encourages worldwide cooperation in education, science, and culture.

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pulling out of 退出;撤退

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Pulling out of a recession is a lengthy and drawn-out process.
从经济衰退中走出来需要漫长的过程x_i54Q(S^lPW
The invading troops are pulling out of the occupied area under international supervision.
入侵部队正在国际监督下撤出占领区pMJ,97@iwyhhF8PN;x

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6.The decision will take effect Dec. 31, 2018.

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take effect 生效;起作用

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International sanctions were beginning to take effect.
国际制裁开始起作用了_5USa;b|QrbjzSrt6
The traffic laws don't take effect until the end of the year.
交通法要到年底才生效oGUm=anHMQxZ+2

参考译文

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美国宣布退出教科文组织
美国宣布将退出联合国教科文组织(UNESCO),该组织鼓励各国在教育、科学和文化领域开展合作|L)!LW7;)j|Q@gJ!v~Kh
周四,美国国务院在一份声明中表示,因该组织“需要进行根本性改革”以及对“以色列存在偏见”而决定退出y+p@3_l7(=。该决定将于2018年12月31日生效~Yx1Pn8)+0IPtu@C。美国将继续保留“永久观察员国”的地位j#wk%4h%4~xw
2011年,联合国教科文组织经投票决定接纳巴勒斯坦为成员国后,美国不再为该组织提供经费2HP_p1&1&8F。但美国仍在联合国教科文组织保留办公室并拖欠了其5.5亿美元的会费,YNCBd0zv.ZzYIef@nT

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美国宣布退出教科文组织.jpg
美国官员称,该决定是国务卿蒂勒森(Rex Tillerson )作出的G9~X)0Ax+2。这位不愿透露姓名的官员还表示,美国对该组织的决议十分不满,这一决议否认了犹太人与耶路撒冷的关系以及以色列对耶路撒冷的主权BGCkHZIk|~-752FD+]
数小时后,以色列宣布也将退出联合国教科文组织AlHpw~U&gB~UV&T。以色列总理本杰明·内塔尼亚胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)称,美国退出的决定是“勇敢而有道义之举”L|R=[pRmn%R.sMk
这一消息发布之时,联合国教科文组织正在物色新的总干事X2-&@CO#yEI%K%mLw。即将卸任的伊琳娜·博科娃(Irina Bokova)称,美国退出是“联合国大家庭”的一大损失]tn_7k_ljHACo)9@
她强调了该组织在推动大屠杀历史教育和培训教师宣传打击反犹太主义方面的贡献,ji#^+ohYF7w~。她还指出,美国的自由女神像也是该组织保护的众多世界遗产之一U2z@6qk5va
这并不是美国第一次退出联合国教科文组织BY@2TIgY6nT)6。在1980年代,美国称该组织管理不善、腐败滋生、维护苏联的利益而选择退出HEXnzav)tB
2003年,美国重新加入该组织2|%tHAbaBWt6NXWP*
联合国教科文组织的其他成员国没有立即对美国退出一事发表评论5Zj2XB=2;%f,wB]^P;F0

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • supervisionn. 监督,管理
  • occupiedadj. 已占用的;使用中的;无空闲的 v. 占有(oc
  • courageousadj. 勇敢的
  • lengthyadj. 冗长的,漫长的
  • permanentadj. 永久的,持久的 n. 烫发
  • commentn. 注释,评论; 闲话 v. 注释,评论
  • statuen. 塑像,雕像
  • irresponsibleadj. 不负责任的,不可靠的,没有承担能力的
  • biasn. 偏见,斜纹 vt. 使偏心
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮