US to Leave UNESCO over Anti-Israel Bias
The United States is pulling out of UNESCO, the United Nations organization that encourages worldwide cooperation in education, science, and culture.
In a statement on Thursday, the U.S. State Department says a "need for fundamental reform" and "anti-Israel bias" are reasons for the withdrawal. The decision will take effect Dec. 31, 2018. The U.S. will seek a "permanent observer" status instead.
The United States stopped funding UNESCO after it voted to include Palestine as a member in 2011. But it has kept an office at UNESCO and owes about $550 million in back payments.
U.S. officials said Secretary of State Rex Tillerson made the decision. The officials, who remained unnamed, said the United States is angry over UNESCO resolutions denying Jewish connection to holy sites and Israel's rights to Jerusalem.
Hours later, Israel said that it would also be leaving the UN agency. The office of Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the U.S. withdrawal "a courageous and moral decision."
The announcement came as the cultural organization is choosing a new director. The outgoing UNESCO chief, Irina Bokova of Bulgaria, called the U.S. withdrawal a loss for "the United Nations family."
She also noted UNESCO efforts to support Holocaust education and train teachers to fight anti-Semitism. She added that the Statue of Liberty is among the many World Heritage sites protected by the organization.
It is not the first time that the United States has withdrawn from UNESCO. In the 1980s, it left because it viewed the organization as poorly managed, corrupt and used to advance Soviet interests.
The U.S. rejoined in 2003.
Other UNESCO members did not immediately comment on the U.S. withdrawal.
1.poorly managed 管理不善
It would be irresponsible of me to encourage you to invest in the poorly managed company.
2.fundamental reform 根本性变革
There is no appetite for fundamental reform, they are just going to wait.
3.back payments 逾期支付
A great many back payments are included in it, I assure you.
4.be angry over 对...感到气愤
She often gets angry over nothing.
5.The United States is pulling out of UNESCO, the United Nations organization that encourages worldwide cooperation in education, science, and culture.
pulling out of 退出；撤退
Pulling out of a recession is a lengthy and drawn-out process.
The invading troops are pulling out of the occupied area under international supervision.
6.The decision will take effect Dec. 31, 2018.
take effect 生效；起作用
International sanctions were beginning to take effect.
The traffic laws don't take effect until the end of the year.
周四，美国国务院在一份声明中表示，因该组织“需要进行根本性改革”以及对“以色列存在偏见”而决定退出 。该决定将于2018年12月31日生效 。美国将继续保留“永久观察员国”的地位 。
2011年，联合国教科文组织经投票决定接纳巴勒斯坦为成员国后，美国不再为该组织提供经费 。但美国仍在联合国教科文组织保留办公室并拖欠了其5.5亿美元的会费 。
美国官员称，该决定是国务卿蒂勒森（Rex Tillerson ）作出的 。这位不愿透露姓名的官员还表示，美国对该组织的决议十分不满，这一决议否认了犹太人与耶路撒冷的关系以及以色列对耶路撒冷的主权 。
数小时后，以色列宣布也将退出联合国教科文组织 。以色列总理本杰明·内塔尼亚胡（Benjamin Netanyahu）称，美国退出的决定是“勇敢而有道义之举” 。
这一消息发布之时，联合国教科文组织正在物色新的总干事 。即将卸任的伊琳娜·博科娃（Irina Bokova）称，美国退出是“联合国大家庭”的一大损失 。
她强调了该组织在推动大屠杀历史教育和培训教师宣传打击反犹太主义方面的贡献 。她还指出，美国的自由女神像也是该组织保护的众多世界遗产之一 。
这并不是美国第一次退出联合国教科文组织 。在1980年代，美国称该组织管理不善、腐败滋生、维护苏联的利益而选择退出 。