VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国童子军改革:招收女孩
日期:2017-10-13 12:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Boy Scouts of America to Welcome Girls
This is What's Trending Today....
The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) has made a lot of change in recent years.
The youth organization, which formed in 1910, agreed in 2015 to accept openly gay members, as well as gay adult volunteers.
It also now lets transgender boys join.
And this week, it announced that girls will soon be permitted to join the traditionally male organization.
The BSA says it will admit girls into the Cub Scouts starting in 2018. That group is for younger children. It also announced plans to create a new program for older girls based on the Boy Scout curriculum.
The Girl Scouts of the USA is another of the country's major scouting organizations. It had tried to dissuade the Boy Scouts from making the changes.
"Girl Scouts is, and will remain, the scouting program that truly benefits U.S. girls by providing a safe space for them to learn and lead," the Girl Scouts said in a statement.
Girl Scouts officials have also suggested the move was driven partly by the BSA's need to raise more money. They say some of the group's financial problems come from past settlements it had to pay in sex-abuse cases.
Membership numbers for both groups have been falling in recent years.
Under the new plan, smaller Cub Scout groups will be either all-boys or all-girls. Larger Cub Scout groups will have the choice to remain single gender or welcome both boys and girls.
The new program for older girls is expected to start in 2019. It will let girls earn the same Eagle Scout rank that has been reached by young men who have gone on to be astronauts, senators and admirals. It is the highest level of scouting in the Boy Scouts.
The announcement made the Boy Scouts a trending topic on Twitter, Facebook and Google.
Zach Wahls is an Eagle Scout. He played an active role in pressuring the BSA to end its ban on gay members.
Wahls wrote on Twitter about the BSA's most recent move. "So proud of this organization for doing the right thing. Yet another step forward for this American icon."
But, many on social media did not support the move, including another Eagle Scout, Charlie Kirk. He tweeted, "I am an Eagle Scout. Only boys should be in Boy Scouts. Only girls should be in Girl Scouts. Don't change things that work."
Many scouting organizations in other countries already permit both girls and boys. They use gender-free names, such as Scouts Canada. But for now, the Boy Scout name will remain unchanged, BSA officials say.
Public opinion studies carried out by the Boy Scouts showed strong support for the changes among parents not currently connected to the Scouts, including Hispanic and Asian families that the group has been trying to attract.
Unlike the Boy Scouts, the Girl Scouts have kept its girls-only status for all its programs. The empowerment of girls remains at the center of its mission.
Andrea Bastiani Archibald is a psychologist who helps with the development of the Girl Scouts' programming.
She said, "We know that girls learn best in an all-girl, girl-led environment."
And that's What's Trending Today....
I'm Caty Weaver.

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重点解析

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1.based on 基于

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The selection process is based on rigorous tests of competence and experience.
选拔过程是基于对能力和经验的严格测试J9i=#]|t_=Cqf#BliL4!

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2.carried out 实施

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Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索!7^1L#)y]nQJ^*9nJX

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3.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力]LnK*0i(ySN(dR

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4.step forward 向前走

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When one is in difficulty, all step forward to help.
一人有难,众人相助x9(Q9.]&Epll|vgd

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5.The youth organization, which formed in 1910, agreed in 2015 to accept openly gay members, as well as gay adult volunteers.

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as well as 也;和...一样

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They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
他们参观了这所学校,还参观了工厂和医院p;N,3XHIsV-[0V&3
Whoever did him in removed a man who was brave as well as ruthless.
无论谁杀了他,都是除掉了一个既勇猛又残忍的人Wc9+@Y6EU|s[R6

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6.He played an active role in pressuring the BSA to end its ban on gay members.

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play arole in 扮演...角色;起...作用

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He was invited to play a role in this TV play.
他被邀请在这个电视剧里扮演一个角色T^JwFI=&P87_SbA8[
The telephone simply did not play a role in doing business in China in that era.
在那个时代,电话在对华商务中没有用武之地JBUu]+TPIN2F)~x

参考译文

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美国男童子军改革:招收女孩
这里是《今日热点》节目zdEiUr~EkJi
近年来,美国童子军(BSA)发生了很多变化R5x&hnhh)Qq+&NxcSW(c
该青年组织成立于1910年,2015年允许接收出柜的同性恋成员以及成人同性恋者dJjQPh)&|P+xy~PTk
如今,该组织允许变性男性加入Q)(&Q!~6!fJjz,%X%r
本周,该组织宣布将允许女孩加入这一传统的男性组织oDs@8NlVQ5QG7
美国童子军称,2018年起将招收女童子军,专门为幼童提供服务ZhEgB1zo)sU%26w|;g。该组织还宣布将根据男童军课程表为年龄稍长的女孩制作新课程&BklsBBPL+%l

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美国男童军欢迎女孩加入.jpg
女童子军是美国另一家童子军组织5wEjc%sCZbmvZwwF。该组织曾试图劝阻美国男童子军做出这一改变*kY28ek[ki;Jt^
女童子军在一份声明中称:“女童军将继续为美国女孩提供安全空间,让她们学习和领导,让她们真正地受益-b+Wmf5@J3-Hk#=1a。”
女童子军的工作人员还指出,男童子军的这一改变部分是因为他们需要筹资ql3Knj8W*k。她们表示,过去因和解性侵案件等赔偿问题导致男童子军的财务紧张|VOjd%&wRiIRdH|~&
近年来,这两家组织的成员数量一直下跌&pHA#PDB,mE%XN[hM
根据该计划,幼童军是单一性别,要么全男孩,要么全女孩l6ajn]^6V&LSKM。较年长的童军组织可以选择保持单一性别或欢迎两性@aC.0c-|olp
为较年长的女孩提供的课程将于2019年启动^.9QWjFvUSIDF%GQHMe^。届时女孩也能获得与男孩同样的鹰级童军等级,这些男孩之后都成为宇航员、参议员和海军上将QfZ,BwvSXE-=SHM*=(R@。该称号是男童子军中的最高级别3bnZcT55lP9-mp%@+pIP
该声明迅速让美国男童子军登上推特、脸书和谷歌上的热搜U~!24oj~oZXQiy
扎克(Zach Wahls)是一名鹰级童军iB7O91)]pbx4;I!X+W。他在推动美国男童军解除同性恋成员禁令方面发挥了积极作用!Juf3Y=_k5-J
扎克在推特上发文谈及美国男童子军的变革a7RCtl~B@2V。他表示:“我很骄傲它做出了正确的决定BS&*|VvNDYnlkF!it。美国男童军又取得了一项进步10c[-s8x(I91。”
然而,很多网友对此持有异议,包括鹰级童军查理·柯克(Charlie Kirk)ZR5)#iTI!L63]Qf3_6。他发推表示:“我是一位鹰级童军ZdGGkF!o-bLA*Um*RCv]。男孩加入男童军,而女孩加入女童军o29D+eCE56。不要改变这些传统wOp_9YoIwnx-tKy。”
其它国家的许多童子军组织已经同时招收女孩和男孩SY2=LZvswu27a1Sri)Kl。他们改用中性称呼,如加拿大童子军t=Io.Wu*,Mg。而美国男童子军官员表示,目前男童子军的称呼将继续沿用HKRZgS6dpi87MMDevg49
男童子军进行的一份民意调查显示,目前跟童子军尚无关联的家长们强烈支持这一变革,其中包括该组织一直想发展的西班牙和亚洲家庭wAvtG|23X|w^
与男童子军不同,女童子军所有的课程回继续只对女孩开放bCmls*%#@Qf=(&。女童赋权仍然是其组织的核心使命431X~j3EZa~sbIpL
Andrea Bastiani Archibald是一位心理学家,她帮助开发了女童子军的课程^@0|2b3M%kWm0B9^m=~
她表示:“女孩在单一性别制并由女孩主导的环境中学习的效果最好QlFkQ8aJ3%*7v(x。”
以上为《今日热点》Xz8y1HNFW|sf7f#Qe@N~
凯蒂·韦弗为您播报f50jPRd@6u+(Xf;

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • statusn. 地位,身份,情形,状况
  • rankn. 等级,阶层,排,列 v. 分等级,排列,列为
  • painstakingadj. 辛苦的,勤勉的 n. 辛苦,苦心,工夫
  • permitn. 许可证,执照 v. 允许,许可
  • competencen. 能力,管辖权,技能
  • announced宣布的
  • cubn. 幼兽,年轻人
  • curriculumn. 课程,全部课程 curricula(复数) cur
  • environmentn. 环境,外界
  • psychologistn. 心理学家