VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):联合国:难民逐渐成为政治筹码
日期:2017-10-10 16:03

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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UN: States Increasingly Using Refugees for Political Purposes
For years, people fleeing from war and oppression have sought asylum in nearby countries.
Now, the United Nations is warning that countries are increasingly using refugees as tools to support their local and national interests.
Filippo Grandi is the U.N.'s High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). He says many refugees are being used as pawns as traditional guarantees of asylum appear to be breaking down.
Grandi spoke at the refugee agency's annual conference this week in Geneva, Switzerland.
The UNHCR reports a record 65.6 million people had been forcibly displaced by war and persecution worldwide by the end of 2016. This includes 22.5 million refugees who had crossed from one country to another. The UNHCR reports that, in 2017 alone, more than two million people have fled their countries as refugees.
Grandi told the delegates that in just five weeks, 500-thousand Rohingya fled from violence in Myanmar. During the same period, he noted, more than 50,000 people fled South Sudan, while 18,000 others were escaping clashes in the Central African Republic.
Grandi said that in some ways refugees have always been used for political purposes. But he said the problem has worsened in recent years. He said refugees have become a major issue in local and national politics and even in relationships between governments.
"Protection is constantly being tested. And, at times, it even seems that refugees have become a commodity, traded between states. Principled leadership has frequently given way to an erosion of refugee rights, driven by confused and sometimes frightened public opinions often stirred up by irresponsible politicians."
Grandi told the conference that immigration and asylum policies have become more restrictive in some countries. He said some countries that welcomed refugees in the past also have their own histories of exile and migration.
He added that refugee protection is weakening in many areas, including in industrialized countries. He says protection of refugees is breaking down in traditional countries of asylum in Europe, the United States and Australia.
I'm Alice Bryant.

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词汇解析

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1.seek asylum 寻求庇护

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He sought asylum in the church.
他到教堂避难=~fFBlz;lkv4y,G(K1

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2.stirred up 挑起;激起

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I thought my article was harmless, but I have stirred up a hornet's nest.
我认为我的文章没有什么害处,但我却惹来麻烦3m;818@.BTm=

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3.breaking down 崩溃;破裂

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He's scared stiff of the relationship breaking down.
他非常害怕关系破裂[5T)m6dF|ykO

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4.political purposes 政治目的

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We deprecate this use of company funds for political purposes.
我们反对公司基金移用于政治目的[oVQ@JTsMMI|36l-)yPe

内容解析

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1.Grandi said that in some ways refugees have always been used for political purposes.

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in some ways 在某些方面

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In some ways we wish we could turn the clock back.
在某些方面,我们希望能回到以前(*7x#WIsV.JT1+
In some ways, the official opening is a formality.
从某些方面来说,正式的开幕仪式只不过是走个形式xlSyssofbB

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2.The UNHCR reports a record 65.6 million people had been forcibly displaced by war and persecution worldwide by the end of 2016.

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by the end of 到...结束;到...末尾

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By the end of the holiday I had spent all my money.
到假期结束时,我已经花光了自己所有的钱6p0iA7&wmqGr1
By the end of that first year, I knew how totally unsuited we were to each other.
到了第一年年底,我明白了我们俩根本不般配l@Eu[5niJEdC

参考译文

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联合国:难民逐渐成为政治筹码
多年来,逃离战乱和压迫的难民一直在附近国家寻求庇护^q^rkjnb[sE1O#kk!vo!
如今,联合国警告称,各国利用难民支持其地方和本国利益的现象越来越多~t;pcC|(~MUu+Sg=d-
菲利波·格兰迪(Filippo Grandi)是联合国难民事务高级专员(UNHCR)aJ@2!02X7~Fs[&。他指出,传统的庇护保证似乎瓦解,很多难民被当作棋子3HqnlL,~W%Id~x7
本周,格兰迪在瑞士日内瓦的难民署年度会议上发表讲话Nb#7^li[C,j&teY-Th

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联合国:难民逐渐成为政治筹码.jpg
难民专员办事处报告指出,到2016年底,全球有6560万人因战争和迫害被迫流离失所XJT6y-V^X7@!UhX。其中有2250万人从一个国家逃亡到另一个国家tQUSE~(+cE_.tkHE~hn。难民专员办事处报告称,仅在2017年就有200多万难民逃离自己的祖国z2kwTBxJ5DxwJ,ZF_UX
格兰迪对代表团说,短短五周内,约50万罗兴亚族人因缅甸的暴力事件逃亡iVBT#_o5l[WL5zo-iDWj。在同一时期,有5万多人逃离南苏丹,另有18000人因冲突逃离中非共和国AqrDQsrM8mOWhvwU
格兰迪说,从某种程度来说,难民一直被用于政治目的,3.Dzf|yudE4thD+。不过,近年来这个问题一直在恶化E)UGmyO*5gHv。他说,难民已经成为地方和国家政治、甚至政府关系中的一个重大问题)=XlPj46h2P%G
“难民保护一直在经受考验auiFVWsBB.STA。有时候,难民似乎成为了国家间交易的商品fDq1NGqR!Pr9p2_。因一些不负责任的政治家搅局以及受某些舆论恐慌的影响,有原则性的领导经常会对侵害难民权利的势力妥协jP-b#LY-BMHS2CWu4。”
格兰迪在会议上表示,有些国家的移民、庇护政策逐渐收紧iZJJg9]zk!0。他说,一些曾经欢迎难民入境的国家也有流亡和迁徙的历史UDD^]DLnd5
他还指出,许多地区的难民保护正在减弱,其中包括工业化国家1i2J;;*6@kk!0BMyU。他说,在欧洲、美国和澳大利等传统的难民庇护国,难民的保护机制正在逐渐瓦解6=x0b3*l]pLw6l]jp@=
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • irresponsibleadj. 不负责任的,不可靠的,没有承担能力的
  • commodityn. 商品,日用品
  • protectionn. 保护,防卫
  • spokev. 说,说话,演说
  • stiffadj. 硬的,僵直的,生硬的,拘谨的,不灵活的 adv
  • asylumn. 收容所,避难所,庇护,精神病院
  • frightenedadj. 受惊的,受恐吓的
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • traditionaladj. 传统的
  • conferencen. 会议,会谈,讨论会,协商会