VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):墨西哥遇强震 搜救工作继续
日期:2017-09-26 16:12

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Rescue Work Continues after Mexico City Earthquake
The earthquake that struck near Mexico City Tuesday came exactly 32 years after an 8.0 magnitude quake hit the area.
The 1985 earthquake killed nearly 10,000 people.
Mexican officials say more than 200 people are confirmed dead following Tuesday's quake. Many buildings were damaged, while others were destroyed.
Rescue workers searched the capital and other areas on Wednesday in hopes of finding survivors.
Mexican Interior Minister Miguel Osorio Chong says his country's armed forces and police will continue working until they explore all possibilities of finding more people alive.
Civilians joined the search and rescue teams shortly after the quake. They used heavy machinery and, in some cases their hands, to clear away wreckage from homes, schools and other buildings.
Scientists say the earthquake had a magnitude of 7.1. The United States Geological Survey defines magnitude as a number that represents the relative size of a quake.
The quake's epicenter was near the city of Puebla, 120 kilometers southeast of Mexico City.
Ken Hudnut is a science adviser with the U.S. Geological Survey in Pasadena, California. He told VOA that the land on which the buildings were set up could be a reason for the collapses.
"Some of the buildings are on old lake beds, and that can amplify the shaking and cause the shaking to last longer, and that can make for more damage."
On Tuesday, U.S. President Donald Trump sent a message of support on Twitter. He wrote, "God bless the people of Mexico City. We are with you and will be there for you."
On Wednesday, Israel announced plans to send 70 people to Mexico to help with rescue efforts. A military spokesman said the team will help examine buildings to identify their damage and safety levels.
The earthquake hit less than two weeks after another quake killed more than 90 people in southern Mexico. The U.S. Geological Survey said the two quakes appeared to be unrelated.
The Earth's outermost surface is made up of large tectonic plates. As many as 20 tectonic plates cover the planet. They move slowly, sometimes sliding under one another. When that happens, earthquakes can take place.
Ken Hudnut says the two recent quakes in Mexico have similarities.
"So both of them occurred within the plate that's going down underneath the plate that is overriding up on top. And both of them had some extensional movement, which is unusual. The more typical thing is like the 1985 earthquake that did much more damage in Mexico City than either of these..."
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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词汇解析

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1.Rescue workers 救援人员

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Rescue workers are digging through the rubble in search of other victims.
救援人员正在废墟中挖掘,以搜寻其他受害者E3R^vw1UkXd@

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2.going down 停止;下沉

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Small local stores are going down the drain.
当地的小店都倒闭了gS[5z=ft&|#

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3.made up of 由...组成

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Food is made up of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
食物由碳水化合物、蛋白质和脂肪构成CntPR~u,BXF#s^

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4.lake bed 湖床

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The heart of the city is built on landfill over an ancient lake bed.
城市的心脏是建立在填埋了的古代湖床上.%Ie|OiAAq1W(Z

内容解析

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1.They move slowly, sometimes sliding under one another. When that happens, earthquakes can take place.

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take place 发生

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A total solar eclipse is due to take place some time tomorrow.
明天某个时刻会发生日全食.*=6_2C9KJM%%
Elections were postponed the day before polling was due to take place.
在预定进行投票的前一天选举被延期)|a%fENHx,Eu~

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2.As many as 20 tectonic plates cover the planet.

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As many as 多达

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There are as many as 300 new products on show.
展出的新产品不下于300种M]dT|ZSbv469
As many as ten-million children will have been infected with the virus by the end of the decade.
到这个十年结束时,多达千万的儿童将会感染上这种病毒0|Gd1sC=~]857aJnmHtR

参考译文

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墨西哥遇强震 搜救工作继续
32年前,墨西哥城附近地区发生了8.0级地震,周二该地区再遭重创1WxlBpVm;t|X
1985年的那场地震造成近1万人死亡(@tipf8I^qDpJs^.T
墨西哥官员表示,周二的地震发生后,经确认有200多人死亡si!oTS!F-!wjMok。多处建筑受损,有的建筑坍塌T|tEdiM,pJzG#3@Jo
周三,援救人员在墨西哥城和其他地区展开搜寻,希望能发现幸存者g+Ce9n_6RZ81GM)3x~
墨西哥内政部长米格尔·奥索里奥·钟表示,墨西哥的武装力量和警方将继续搜寻,不放过任何一个可能出现幸存者的区域OUuZEM)b3W=&Tj%

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墨西哥地震.jpg
地震发生后不久,民众也纷纷加入搜寻的工作中yrkXEBZYC[0H。他们动用了重型机械,甚至徒手清理民居、学校和其他建筑的废墟cd%[^OT!o^|=[Ot;1#Yq
科学家指出,这次地震震级达7.1级zMX6Zi]1L[pdg-Y0PP7。美国地质调查局将震级定义为:能代表地震相对规模的数字2Fkbq=VK._vDQsCNJv
地震的震源位于距墨西哥东南约120公里的普埃布拉市附近_8^R=M)y79
肯恩·哈德纳特(Ken Hudnut)是美国加州帕萨迪纳市地质调查局的科学顾问08wg-YKp.)!&LAzEzc。他对VOA表示,这些建筑下的地面可能是其坍塌的原因h74J[N+u!XQF
“其中一些建筑的位置之前是湖床,这会加剧震感,导致震动时间更久,也会造成更大的损害RmfPHqP%|@&ZDvghxQh(。”
周二,美国总统特朗普在推特上发声支援mSm%w);-b8LAj_F9=ME!。他写道,“愿上帝保佑墨西哥人民93cp5pe;7P。我们与你们同在,始终支持你们([(|LS+]o]_q%rXl8p4。”
周三,以色列宣布向墨西哥派70人员协助援救工作u^kfU=kJ]!,UCBbY。军方发言人表示,这支援救小组将协助监测楼房,确定其受损程度和安全程度Pl,nXV0VJq0Oy@Wp
该地震发生约两周前,墨西哥南部发生的一场地震导致90多人死亡8XsKfy9HJ[dwn_F。美国地质调查局表示,这两场地震似乎并无关联!7PgxVJ]Eq#rYqs;zzJy
地球最外层由大型的地壳板块构成Qe%9sAHbih.vPoTd,].。地表覆盖有至少20个地壳板块8rlIY)lnF|Z^bNxL。它们移动缓慢,有时候板块会沉降到其他板块下方fzdFLIhMRqW[g@b。这种情况出现时会发生地震oeGmgZ^TQP5
哈德纳特表示,墨西哥近期发生的两次地震有相似之处@t4wUDGKsLDBC7Gv@z@
“两次地震都是因向下运动的地壳板块与向上运动的地壳板块发生撞击而形成g&PmG8uf6[u&32~EQ。另外,两次地震都出现拉张运动的迹象,这一现象很不寻常;meuPl_SQD-zuF-@E0-。更典型的案例是1985年的那场地震,其对墨西哥造成的损害更大”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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