VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):日本老龄化问题凸显
日期:2017-09-23 19:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Over 200 people gathered recently on a hot day at a shrine in downtown Tokyo.
Many in the crowd were older adults. Some chewed gum and lifted dumbbells. The weight lifting was meant to increase their strength and balance.
The elderly Japanese had gathered for an event to mark Respect for the Aged Day.
The observance comes at a time when Japan's population is aging. The number of people aged 65 and over has grown to 27.7 percent of the population. That information comes from government reports.
The number of elderly Japanese who still work has also hit a new high. These numbers are evidence of efforts by the government and private businesses to keep the elderly at work.
The government estimates, released on Monday, are a sign of the problems resulting from a declining birthrate. Now, there are around 1.45 births for every woman in Japan. Many economists say a developed country needs a birthrate above 2 births per woman to prevent its population from shrinking.
Japan has struggled with a declining workforce for many years. The percentage of elderly people is among the highest in the Group of Seven Nations. Italy, for example, has an elderly population of around 23 percent. Germany has around 21.5 percent, while France has 19.7 percent.
In Japan, the government estimates that 35.14 million Japanese people are age 65 or older. 7.7 million of those men and women are still working.
For the first time, the number of Japanese aged 90 or older rose above two million.
Natsu Naruse joined the group exercise in Tokyo last week. She recently turned 100 years old.
"I think my children would have trouble," if I lived longer, she said.
I'm John Russell.

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词汇解析

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1.shrine n.神殿,神坛

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The infidels defiled the holy shrine.
异教徒亵渎神圣的神殿.fTtb5~6+wuwRWaqezp5

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2.gum n.口香糖

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Afterwards, one of the monks gave us some gum.
后来,其中一个僧人给了我们一些口香糖kV3.PudvlrP2g

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3.chew vt.咀嚼

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Most of the time people chew their food slowly, as my mother taught me to do so many years ago.
大多数时候人们慢慢地咀嚼食物,就像许多年前我妈妈教我的那样)NH2mrih96ibb

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4.dumbbell n.哑铃

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If you have one in your area, it's worth checking out, especially for their dumbbell selection, which is usually pretty good.
如果在当地有这么一家商店,你值得一逛,尤其是可以挑选下他们的哑铃,相当的不错ckV~^!sp4Q0DOkBg

内容解析

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1.The weight lifting was meant to increase their strength and balance.

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be meant to 为了……

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This provision is meant to protect investors in the event of a down round.
这个条款是为了在估值较低的一轮融资中保护投资人=ZW%WRZA@,%o]
When using this to find your passion, simply ask yourself what your passion is and what you are meant to do in this lifetime after youíve calmed your mind.
使用这招并且在你的头脑冷静之后,简单的问问自己你的激情到底是什么,或者,在你的漫漫人生路上,你到底想要什么)HQT83-JOE!Dl5z=

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2.Japan has struggled with a declining workforce for many years.

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struggle with 与……斗争/抗争

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to struggle with one's illness
同疾病抗争
The two boxers struggled with each other and the referee separated them.
两位拳击手扭打在一起,裁判把他们分开了9pR^7FEL3tF

参考译文

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近日,200多人在大热天儿里聚集在东京市中心的一个神龛!4#CtvJ%R8bW%JgdH
这些人中很多都是年长者5cJs7IVKD3Qi6。他们中的一些人嚼着口香糖,举着哑铃U#IS6w*VNU,fD~0_0%。举重是为了让增强体力和平衡感BE1F#fQU7MU
这些日本老人聚集在一起是为了庆祝日本敬老日ti)(G!O-%,XuyRk.F8B.
这个活动正逢日本老龄化问题凸显之际rjm@g;QC(9yeUIh*h4bE。日本65岁以上的人口占总人口的27.7%W3K9)Di(m~。这一信息来源于政府发布的报告e4R.Lqh!4*G0KLE
日本在职老龄人口的数量也达到了新高^TRrbW4InHaO。这些数字也表明,日本政府和私营企业也在努力将老龄人口留在工作岗位上%5vZB@cm3XoAqmvHq,fR
据日本政府周一发布的估测数据,表明出生率下滑造成的一些问题Ol[m+6qbyJcc&2AI。现在日本平均每名女性的婴儿出生量为1.45pz-[b..PAsNt~y#3z;。而许多经济学家表示,发达国家需要2以上的出生率才能阻止人口缩减MR|TXbn+GBruI#s
多年来,日本一直在生产力下滑的困境中挣扎&hmqw7.&X|HB*p。日本的老龄人口占比是七国集团中最高的auJP0q!xl]H0。比如,意大利的老龄人口占比是23%左右,德国21.5%,法国19.7%3gCs7cI^qr

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日本政府估测,日本65岁以上的人口已达3514万_NF2V[R#j1&xDydV。而其中有770万人还没有退休e[c^.xwhJyU13Ism[-J
日本90岁以上人口的数量首次越200万大关[BZIOs2^7lF-,_C@b
奈津上周加入了东京的这种团体锻炼之中[|OkoC8nZ+[IFOG5。她最近就要100岁高寿了oZU(jqqsip#Ze6f
她表示,我觉得,我活的越久,我的孩子们就有越大的麻烦91RL#-Dtssx)Wp2xltm
John Russell为您播报^5[*.NHpkn_wR(yvO-n+

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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