VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):巴西10名土著遇害 政府介入调查
日期:2017-09-20 16:28

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Brazil Investigates Possible Killing of Uncontacted Tribe Members
The Brazilian government has opened an investigation into the deaths of 10 members of an uncontacted indigenous tribe.
Gold miners reportedly killed the tribe members in the Brazilian state of Amazonas.
Officials in Amazonas opened the investigation after learning that the miners had talked about killing members of an uncontacted tribe.
Brazil's National Indian Foundation said some of the miners were detained for questioning, but no deaths yet have been confirmed.
The reports come on the week of the 10-year anniversary of the United Nations' Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
The document brings attention to the situation of indigenous people and creates standards for their survival and well-being. But advocates in Brazil say recognition of indigenous rights is making slow progress in the country.
About 900,000 indigenous people live in Brazil. They are spread out among 300 tribes and speak many different languages.
Indigenous tribes lack many basic rights, activists say
Native people struggle in the South American nation. Leaders and advocates say many do not have property rights. They may face violence from miners, ranchers and loggers. And there is little money for protecting indigenous people's interests.
However, more than 10 percent of Brazil's land is recognized territory for the indigenous population. Most of that land is in the rainforest of the Amazon River.
The UN declaration offers support for land demarcation, which provides some form of land rights to indigenous people.
Alberto Terena is a Brazilian indigenous leader.
He told the Thomson Reuters Foundation, "We see our rights being violated all the time...We depend on the land to live." He added, "With no demarcation, there is no health, no education. There is just a piece of land with heaps of people."
Joana Chiavari is an expert at the Climate Policy Initiative in Brazil. She said the process of land demarcation, to protect indigenous land, has resulted in violence.
Erika Yamada is a U.N. expert on indigenous rights. She said the number of killings of indigenous people in 25 nations increased by 100 percent to 281 in 2016 compared to the year before. She added that the number of killings in 2017 is, in her words, "likely to be even more alarming."
Some say invasions of indigenous territory have been increasing as Brazil cuts spending. Officials say the budget cuts are measures aimed at bringing Brazil out of its worst recession in decades.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.Gold miners 淘金者

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I had been living for weeks in rough mining camps with other gold miners.
几个星期以来,我一直和其他淘金者在环境恶劣的矿场里生活Dl;tn)C(;U2l

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2.cuts spending 削减开支

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He insists any tax cut be matched dollar-for-dollar with cuts in spending.
他坚持每一项减税都要和支出削减一一对应=_qPl(Y[fBt6G

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3.aimed at 为了

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The government rushed through legislation aimed at Mafia leaders.
政府匆忙通过了针对黑手党首领的立法.3L6k+mYKyl_#],

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4.compared to 与...相比

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Our work can be compared to a battle.
我们的工作好比一场战斗LO@G&g|cMC

内容解析

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1.The document brings attention to the situation of indigenous people and creates standards for their survival and well-being.

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brings attention to 引起...注意

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The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products.
大公司总是用很大的产品广告来吸引读者3C).Q0J!O(
I would like to bring your attention to the recent events.
我希望你能注意最近发生的事情@k@^@.Vm*@4sT5

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2.They are spread out among 300 tribes and speak many different languages.

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spread out 分散;延伸

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Factory buildings spread out over the hillside.
厂房罗列在山坡上2ctKblP1]qVi
She spread out her arms, not knowing what to do.
她扎煞着手,不知该干什么Px84FR@E@=c

参考译文

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巴西10名土著遇害 政府介入调查
巴西政府开始对原始部落的10名土著死亡一事展开调查^W9C=^]mD~10x(siE
据报道,淘金者杀害了巴西亚马孙州的土著居民^OeNOa2wE+1~sQt~rEo
在了解到淘金者曾吹嘘他们杀害原始部落土著后,亚马孙的官员对此展开了调查%gF;xezcJ;y@Jd^h~](
巴西的国家印第安基金会表示,警方拘留并审问了一些淘金者,但屠杀罪名尚未确立=aNle)^9BB]c
这些报告发表时正值在联合国《土著人民权利宣言》十周年纪念日5U&yNUTqn-cjOy|H
该文件引起了人们对土著居民的关注,并为他们的生存和福祉制定了标准y9xUb,c1Dgv-jhUb。但支持者们表示,巴西对土著居民权利的认可进展缓慢G(k+v1rX8*qgwK

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巴西10土著被屠.jpg
巴西境内的土著居民大约90万4tkUKpDXF!c2oH;!。他们分散在300个部落里,语言多种多样yTCq4Osz,Fb%^ec-J1~m
土著居民在巴西的生活举步维艰,~;&;txn7qxn.b。领导者和支持者们表示,许多土著居民没有产权d&IMCGDntoViGw7。他们随时会面临矿工、农场主和伐木工人的暴力6e)(Ug0pEq。此外,保护土著居民利益的资金匮乏|88Uo5;gPGn
然而,巴西超过10%的土地被认定为土著居民的领地9(LP;xko.0g*。这些区域大多位于亚马孙河的热带雨林_t,f]PXK9w
联合国的《宣言》为土地划分提供了支持,为土著居民提供了某种形式的土地权利k^2O]qA|a.
阿尔贝托·特雷纳(Alberto Terena)是巴西土著的领袖u0PLS#.)Dwta
他向汤森路透基金表示:“我们看到自身的权利一直被侵犯……我们依靠土地存活N5OAb[E@8pP。”他还表示:“没有土地划分,也就没有健康,更别提教育了QvWINgovE(K。有的只是一片土地上住着一群人y|SRIeqDGpH^Clb&3g60。”
乔安娜·基亚瓦里(Joana Chiavari)是巴西气候政策倡议的专家E2KjVke[9H。她说,在保护土著土地的土地划分过程中导致了暴力l5Vi0!=eqZmsm
埃里卡·山田(Erika Yamada)是联合国土著人权利的专家h!S]p=9Vz68Fv。她指出,2016年,25个国家的土著居民死亡人数比前一年增加了100%,达到281人=M-Za8Y0Q)a6@。她还表示,2017年土著居民被屠杀的数量“可能更加令人震惊”zMdL#U1P|6*tc
有人指出,随着巴西不断削减开支,入侵土著居民领地的现象越来越严重SwKjj[zEjVjlGzeH0。官员们说,削减预算是为了使巴西摆脱数十年来最严重的经济衰退j9SL8dDvm-b8Kw*-
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • protectvt. 保护,投保
  • violencen. 暴力,猛烈,强暴,暴行
  • initiativeadj. 创始的,初步的,自发的 n. 第一步,首创精神
  • territoryn. 领土,版图,领域,范围
  • roughadj. 粗糙的,粗略的,粗暴的,艰难的,讨厌的,不适的
  • propertyn. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具
  • survivaln. 生存,幸存者
  • indigenousadj. 本地的,土生土长的,天生的
  • questioningn. 质问 v. 询问,审问(question的现在分词
  • documentn. 文件,公文,文档 vt. 记载,(用文件等)证明