VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):亚裔成增速最快最多样化的群体
日期:2017-09-19 13:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Asian Americans Are a Fast-Growing, Diverse Group
The Asian American population is growing faster than any other major ethnic or racial group.
From 2010 to 2016, 42 percent of the 8.1 million people who came to the United States from a foreign country were from Asia. Thirty-eight percent came from Latin America, 8.6 percent from Europe, and 8 percent from Africa.
This information comes from a new U.S. Census Bureau report.
Asian Americans lead in income and education
For 2016, the U.S. Census Bureau said Asian Americans had the highest median annual income of all ethnic and racial groups. The median income for Asians was $81,431, about the same as 2015.
That compared to a median income of $59,039 for all Americans.
Pew said the U.S. Asian population is also better educated.
About half of Asians 25 and older have a college degree. That compares to 30 percent among all Americans over age 25, Pew said.
Along with education, the Pew study also noted a high level of English language skill among Asians.
Seven of 10 Asians in the United States, ages 5 and up, speak English proficiently, the study said. U.S.-born Asian Americans are more likely to speak English well than foreign-born Asians.
Stephanie Wong is chapter and membership associate with OCA-Asian Pacific American Advocates.
She said the information from the Census Bureau is somewhat misleading because it puts Asian Americans from many different backgrounds into one group.
"The Asian American population is very diverse," Wong said. She suspects some Asian Americans do not receive public or private assistance because of the mistaken belief all Asian Americans are doing well economically.
To point out the diverse economic backgrounds of Asian Americans, the Pew Research Center looked at income levels for people from different Asian countries.
In 2015, it said that Indian American households had a median income of $100,000, the highest among Asian Americans. For Filipino-Americans, the median household income was $80,000.
But the Pew report said eight of the 19 Asian groups it examined had higher poverty rates than the U.S. average. They included the Hmong, Bhutanese and Burmese.
Twenty-one million and growing
The Asian American population now stands just short of 21 million people, the Census Bureau reported. That represents just over 6 percent of the American population.
In a recent report, the Pew Research Center said Asian Americans likely will become the largest immigrant group in the United States.
In 50 years, Asians should make up 38 percent of all U.S. immigrants, overtaking the current largest immigrant group, Hispanics, the Pew Center said.
William Frey researches urban populations, immigration and other issues for the Brookings Institution, a research center based in Washington D.C. He said immigration policies that support educated immigrants are likely to help Asians.
But he said changes in American immigration policy could affect immigration from Asia, as well as other parts of the world.
President Donald Trump and some Republicans in Congress have proposed a bill calling on America to reduce the number of legal immigrants admitted into the U.S. each year. They also want to give a preference to well-educated immigrants and/or those with job offers.
Asian Americans come from 20 nations
Asian American people come from more than 20 countries in East and Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Each has its own history, language and culture.
Some of the biggest growth came from Bhutan, Nepal and Burma, the Pew center reported.
But China continues to be the largest country of origin for Asian Americans. Chinese Americans numbered 4.9 million in 2015, or 24 percent of Asian Americans, Pew reported.
Pew said that India is number two, with nearly 4 million people listing it as their country of origin. The other leading countries of origin for Asian Americans are the Philippines, 3.9 million; Vietnam, nearly 2 million; Korea, 1.8 million; Japan, 1.4 million; and Pakistan, 519,000.
I'm Bruce Alpert.
And I'm Jill Robbins.

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词汇解析

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1.job offer 工作邀请

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I got the job offer that I had been looking forward to.
我得到了我期待已久的工作.D;9+o-U,rCp

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2.immigration policy 移民政策

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The government has decided to tighten its immigration policy.
政府决定实施更加严格的移民政策2e8tu~1A6T6Lq~JbcwOc

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3.make up 组成;编造;化妆

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She spent too much time making herself up.
她在化妆上花去了太多时间jm0829DiCMj)+

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4.short of 不足

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Government forces are running short of ammunition and fuel.
政府军队的弹药和燃料都所剩无几了wNGmEYYSf17@)II

内容解析

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1.They also want to give a preference to well-educated immigrants and/or those with job offers.

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give a preference to 给...优先

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I will give preference to designers who give a brief proposal of the banner designs.
我会优先考虑,设计师谁给一个简短的横幅设计的建议u4;#_6QV3joY]J50Zf
The software could give preference to shots of a sports event containing particular players.
该软件可优先处理知名运动员的运动镜头PNvM*lUl)U*C

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2.That compared to a median income of $59,039 for all Americans.

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compared to 与...相比

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Our work can be compared to a battle.
我们的工作好比一场战斗Qawl#.V4f-
His progress at school had been unspectacular compared to his brother.
和弟弟相比,他在学校里的进步很不起眼8eS3)&acy-TAep3I

参考译文

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美国亚裔:增速最快最多样化的群体
美国亚裔人口的增速快于任何其它主要种族25z_&d[@TA~WA0
从2010年到2016年,移民美国的810万人口中有42%来自亚洲HUM+W1T@I96。38%来自拉丁美洲,8.6%来自欧洲,还有8%来自非洲m#2mHS=t_W5.
该数据出自美国人口普查局一份新报告&~2rd[[BDG
美国亚裔在收入和教育方面领先
美国人口普查局指出,2016年,美国亚裔的年均收入最高UCvWv0#t!2(.-[7。亚裔的平均收入为81431美元,与2015年相差无几H.,vd.8rJRP+%;u9#v7
相比之下,美国人的平均收入为59039美元+v[crk9u#n!7rjx+_
皮尤研究中心表示,美国亚裔人口受教育程度也很高qk782H5.[(a@
在25岁及以上的亚裔人口中,半数的人拥有大学学历XOW0yTPIk)-e,_;8MEb。而25岁及以上的美国人口只有30%拥有大学学历-NN;0h%LD!Q
该调查还指出,除了教育,亚裔人口的英语水平也很高%Dq8SGgmPxm

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美国亚裔:增速最快最多样化的群体.JPEG
研究表示,在5岁及以上的亚裔人口中,约70%的人熟练掌握英语8*M6LVL5h[e。而美国出生的亚裔人口比国外出生的亚裔人口的英语更加流利l@6Zq)@Lg5(e4O-QRj
史蒂芬妮·王(Stephanie Wong)是美华协会—美国亚太裔倡导组织(OCA-Asian Pacific American Advocates)的地方分会和会员BN^yQd*]mMU
她表示,美国人口普查局的数据有误导成分,因为它把不同背景的美国亚裔归为一个群体^U)&AxK20oysEv!Vp
王女士称“美国亚裔人口十分多样化R*DvERw*~*(g*71m。”她怀疑一些美国亚裔没有获得公共和私人援助是因为所有美国亚裔被误认为经济状况良好JIA6.1Rci,
为了指明美国亚裔不同的经济背景,皮尤研究中心还调查了来自亚洲不同国家的群体收入水平^mh3I2E=Kzi
该研究中心表示,2015年美国印度裔家庭的年均收入为10万美元,是美国亚裔人口中最高的#KP*e;t6y0T~。而美国菲律宾裔家庭的年均收入为8万美元mZ;yssDNqIBmXHA@
然而,皮尤中心的报告指出,在接受调查的19组亚裔群体中,有8组的贫困率高于美国平均水平,其中包括苗族人、不丹人和缅甸人ma[Mc.K2jlT#kswub9
亚裔人口达2100万且持续增长
据美国人口普查局的报告显示,美国亚裔人口目前不足2100万人,占美国人口比例的6%以上;7d2A%V@CvX-S;Bz_&~
皮尤研究中心在最新报告中指出,美国亚裔很可能成为美国规模最大的移民人群~li.lD[~Tm7UZzR,0!UH
近50年来,亚裔约占美国移民总数的38%,超过当前规模最大的西班牙裔美国人Sm@]5px(^+e
在华盛顿特区的布鲁金斯学会总部,威廉·弗雷(William Frey)研究了城市人口、移民和其它问题tA9PrR2BD6OZD2z~E。他表示,支持受教育移民的移民政策可能为亚洲人提供了便利E1XhgjF|oh6[m6W
不过他指出,美国移民政策改革可能会影响亚洲和世界其它地区的移民juKQE=zw+A34vSow
总统特朗普和国会的一些共和党人提出了一项法案,呼吁限制每年入境美国的合法移民数量@Xr4rO@bdm~j。他们还希望优先考虑接受过良好教育的移民或持有入职信的移民%HfxZCMj3KvX
来自20个国家的美国亚裔
美国亚裔来自东亚、东南亚以及印度次大陆的20多个国家b%5%!TLM0e~-vDm|l。每个国家都有自身的历史、语言和文化oxem3dxWtDg
皮尤研究中心的报告显示,不丹、尼泊尔和缅甸的移民增速最快(+s@3+eF_3QK,
不过,中国仍然是美国亚裔最大的原籍国ByIx%[tHVr;|w。皮尤中心表示,2015年美国华裔人数高达490万,占美国亚裔总人数的24%hl0MI%ztO^r^T
该中心表示,印度次之,约400万人将印度列为自己的原籍国Tcv][JtTAXwFvZr,。而其它美国亚裔排名靠前的原籍国包括菲律宾(390万),越南(200万)、韩国(180万)、日本(140万)以及巴基斯坦(51.9万)%RclK[sYS~
布鲁斯·阿尔珀特为您播报9khAR-i5V5HO[Wn-UyS+
吉尔·罗宾斯为您播报@wfYfvnq^n8F|lYQ

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • proposaln. 求婚,提议,建议
  • assistancen. 帮助,援助
  • urbanadj. 城市的,都市的
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • povertyn. 贫困,贫乏
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的
  • bannern. 旗帜,横幅,大标题 adj. 特别好的,杰出的 v
  • censusn. 户口普查
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • diverseadj. 不同的,多种多样的