VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国白人基督教徒数量创新低
日期:2017-09-15 15:59

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Study: Record Low Numbers of White, Christian Americans
The number of Americans who identify as white and Christian now represents less than 50 percent of the United States population.
A new study says immigrants have driven the decrease along with a growing number of Americans who reject organized religion.
The Public Religion Research Institute, or PRRI, did the study. It questioned more than 100,000 people between January 2016 and January 2017.
It found that Christianity overall remains a large majority. Nearly 70 percent of Americans identify themselves as Christian. However, white Christians -- once dominant -- now make up only 43 percent of the national population.
Forty years ago, about 80 percent of Americans were white Christians.
Today, about 25 percent of Americans do not identify with a single religion, the study found. About 17 percent of Americans now identify as white evangelical Christians, compared to 23 percent 10 years ago.
In the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump, a Republican, received 80 percent of the votes of white evangelicals.
The PRRI study found that more than one-third of all Republicans say they are white evangelicals. And nearly 75 percent of Republicans identify themselves as white Christians.
By comparison, about eight percent of Democrats call themselves white evangelicals. Almost 30 percent of Democrats identify as white Christians. And 40 percent of Democrats say they have no religious affiliation.
The latest PRRI study also provided state-by-state details. It found that New York is the state with the greatest religious diversity. The southern state of Mississippi has the least religious diversity.
The northeastern U.S. has long been where most of American Catholics live, and the northeastern state of Rhode Island remains the most Catholic state in the country.
However, the Catholic population in the country is shifting, PRRI reports. A majority of Catholics in the U.S. now live in the south or west. The change comes from an increase in Latin American immigrants settling in those areas.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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词汇解析

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1.along with 伴随

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He came along with some friends.
他和几个朋友一道来的uhO;SH~2~x;9)

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2.make up 弥补;化妆

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I think it's very unkind of you to make up stories about him.
我认为你编造他的谣言很不厚道xj*mb%qI3xMdtM0N

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3.compared to 与...对比

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Our work can be compared to a battle.
我们的工作好比一场战斗OQCzn&n%T9z94-)

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4.By comparison 相比之下

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Those places are modern by comparison with Tresillian.
与特西利安相比,那些地方很现代&lWK#49sgSD7zGX

内容解析

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1.A majority of Catholics in the U.S. now live in the south or west.

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A majority of 大多数的

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Members of parliament approved the move by a majority of ninety-nine.
议员以99张的多数票批准了这项动议N9hTO8ANp)15cRVOa
At no time did a majority of Czechoslavakia's citizens support the country's break-up.
大多数捷克斯洛伐克公民一直反对国家分裂QI68;^u9fj

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2.In the 2016 presidential election, Donald Trump, a Republican, received 80 percent of the votes of white evangelicals.

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presidential election 总统选举

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Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
总统选举中的两位领先者都不是主流政治家tR6jikhPPWh=
A presidential election was scheduled for last December.
总统选举原计划在去年12月举行*-sH^LDv|T4I

参考译文

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美国白人基督教徒数量创新低
白人基督教徒在美国人口比例如今不足50%H]iKf8H17q!G
一项新研究表明,随着越来越多的美国人反对有组织的宗教信仰,移民的数量在不断减少AwEYHV^v|&QAeP
美国公共宗教研究所(PRRI)进行了这项研究0FjCNTP7(JU1jO%ch。该机构在2016年1月至2017年1月对10万多人进行了调查a%r[|=KVQjixC;J
研究发现,基督教在总体上仍然占大多数%ffDgpTJmK7YQx3(s。约70%的美国人称自己是基督教徒cZ5yfY!s;l)hfb。然而,曾经占主导地位的白人基督教徒现只占全国人口的43%sD283NzIkek[W(UsF
40年前,约80%的美国人为基督教徒@oKFL(t~Y0_!=3

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美国白人基督徒创新低.jpg
研究还发现,目前有约25%的美国人不信仰某一特定宗教U)~dd-DmaNyQg~hip。目前有约17%的美国人为白人福音派基督教徒,而10年前这一比例为23%l[lgooWZVULG^x5
在2016年的总统选举中,共和党人特朗普获得白人福音派80%的选票+!vg]GJdA-9i%hcD
该机构的研究发现,超过三分之一的共和党人称自己为白人福音派教徒,近75%的共和党人称自己为白人基督教徒2~=l];9AwxT%P)HM7%
相比之下,约8%的民主党人自称为白人福音派教徒,近30%的民主党人自称为白人基督教徒,还有40%的民主党人自称没有宗教信仰tEaevDbL!~g|9@&LYE
该机构的这一最新研究还提供了各周的详细情况GB.NSJ=A55EJVhwH&。研究发现,纽约的宗教最多元化,而南部密西西比州的宗教文化最单一rx#I*%mKc*mB0cO8N4ar
长期以来,美国东北部一直是美国天主教徒的聚集地9u)HklN7EhlVIhqap。东北部的罗德岛州仍然是美国最信奉天主教的区域_iTM=yG=2F9amYiP
然而,该机构的报告称,这里的天主教人口正在发生转移]3mB3!nG=VL7(8,0n~HF。美国大多数天主教徒现居于南部和西部8-ecX9k%i(oAM+Bwc|。这一变化是因为越来越多的拉美移民在这些地区定居LM6N1MBB!5Ck4
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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