How Will Angola's New President Deal With Economic Problems?
Angolans have elected their first new president in nearly forty years.
Joao Lourenco, the president-elect, has said he wants to reduce the country's dependence on oil. But critics say the country's economic problems and inequality do not come from dependence on oil. Rather, they say that these problems come from bad governance.
Many Angolans hope economic conditions improve.
Kialopo Feliciana sells food at a market in Luanda. She makes about $18 a day.
But, the business is very costly, she told VOA recently. That is why she has little money for her home and family.
Of the money she makes, Feliciana brings home about $9 a day. But her family depends on the money, she says, because her adult son cannot find a job.
Unemployment is around 26 percent in the country.
On the other side of town from Feliciana, there are large houses and upscale stores on many streets. At a gelato shop, customers spend what is equal to Feliciana's daily income in one visit.
Retiring President Jose Eduardo dos Santos lives in this neighborhood. During his 38-year rule, he was often accused of spending the government's oil income on himself and those close to him.
Angola is Africa's second-largest oil producer, but that wealth has not helped all Angolans. President-elect Lourenco says he wants to develop industries other than oil.
Before the election, he told a crowd that he wants to increase activity in agriculture, tourism, industry, and other areas of the economy.
Accusations of Bad Governance
But his critics say the problem is far simpler. Manuel Fernandes is an opposition lawmaker. He told VOA that poverty in the country is not because of the drop in oil prices. Poverty in the country, he said, comes from bad governance.
Government critic and reporter Rafael Marques says Lourenco is in a difficult situation because dos Santos still controls much of the nation's wealth.
"The question is, how is he going to run the country without money," he said. Marques says that people who were members of the government "are living with a tight control over the economic assets of the country, which they will not pass on to the new president."
It is a difficult situation for Lourenco. Once the official vote count is confirmed, he must turn to the task of governing.
I'm John Russell.
1.turn to 转向
There was no one to turn to, no one to tell.
2.economic assets 经济资产
As a consequence, having older people in a family can be an economic asset, not a liability.
3.depends on 依赖
The development of the food industry depends on that of agriculture.
4.economic problems 经济问题
The country is beset by severe economic problems.
1.Marques says that people who were members of the government "are living with a tight control over the economic assets of the country, which they will not pass on to the new president."
pass on 传递
They pass on their cost of borrowing and add it to their profit margin.
The late Earl passed on much of his fortune to his daughter.
2.At a gelato shop, customers spend what is equal to Feliciana's daily income in one visit.
be equal to 与...相当
It is equal to me whether he comes or not.
The happiness you feel is equal to the love you give.
当选总统若昂·洛伦索（Joao Lourenco）称，他想要减少对石油的依赖性 。但批评者指出，国家的经济与不平等问题并非源于对石油的依赖 。他们认为这些问题是治国无方导致的 。
卡洛珀·菲力希安娜（Kialopo Feliciana）在罗安达一市场售卖食物 。她每天的收入大约18美元 。
但是，最近她向美国之音表示，她的生意开销太高 。这就是她没有多少收入可贴补家用的原因 。
菲力希安娜每天都会留出9美元贴补家用 。她说，家里人靠这些钱度日，因为成年的儿子现待业在家 。
而在另一边小镇，街道上各种大厦和高档商铺林立 。在一家冰淇淋店，顾客一次的消费金额抵得上菲力希安娜一天的收入 。
退休总统何塞·爱德华多·多斯桑托斯（Jose Eduardo dos Santos）居住在这里 。在长达38年的执政生涯期间，他经常被指责侵吞政府的石油收入或“照顾”亲友 。
安哥拉是非洲第二大石油生产国，但这笔财富并没有让所有安哥拉人受益 。当选总统洛伦索表示，他想发展石油以外的产业 。
但他的批评者说这个问题并不复杂 。曼努埃尔·费尔南德斯（Manuel Fernandes）是反对立法者 。他向美国之音表示，国家的贫困并不是因为油价下跌 。他说，贫穷是因为治国无方 。
政府评论家兼记者拉斐尔·马奎斯（Rafael Marques）表示，洛伦索的处境艰难，因为国家的大部分财富仍然掌握在多斯桑托斯手中 。
洛伦索的处境堪忧 。一旦官方票数确认后，他必须上台执政 。