VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):安哥拉新总统如何应付经济问题?
日期:2017-08-31 14:56

(单词翻译:单击)

*9~)K2SLcpr+6~pa4q=B1&4JG&%0

听力文本

^SF&!9sjm3

How Will Angola's New President Deal With Economic Problems?
Angolans have elected their first new president in nearly forty years.
Joao Lourenco, the president-elect, has said he wants to reduce the country's dependence on oil. But critics say the country's economic problems and inequality do not come from dependence on oil. Rather, they say that these problems come from bad governance.
Many Angolans hope economic conditions improve.
Kialopo Feliciana sells food at a market in Luanda. She makes about $18 a day.
But, the business is very costly, she told VOA recently. That is why she has little money for her home and family.
Of the money she makes, Feliciana brings home about $9 a day. But her family depends on the money, she says, because her adult son cannot find a job.
Unemployment is around 26 percent in the country.
On the other side of town from Feliciana, there are large houses and upscale stores on many streets. At a gelato shop, customers spend what is equal to Feliciana's daily income in one visit.
Retiring President Jose Eduardo dos Santos lives in this neighborhood. During his 38-year rule, he was often accused of spending the government's oil income on himself and those close to him.
Angola is Africa's second-largest oil producer, but that wealth has not helped all Angolans. President-elect Lourenco says he wants to develop industries other than oil.
Before the election, he told a crowd that he wants to increase activity in agriculture, tourism, industry, and other areas of the economy.
Accusations of Bad Governance
But his critics say the problem is far simpler. Manuel Fernandes is an opposition lawmaker. He told VOA that poverty in the country is not because of the drop in oil prices. Poverty in the country, he said, comes from bad governance.
Government critic and reporter Rafael Marques says Lourenco is in a difficult situation because dos Santos still controls much of the nation's wealth.
"The question is, how is he going to run the country without money," he said. Marques says that people who were members of the government "are living with a tight control over the economic assets of the country, which they will not pass on to the new president."
It is a difficult situation for Lourenco. Once the official vote count is confirmed, he must turn to the task of governing.
I'm John Russell.

9tQM.N-cDk_Xn&sBqg

词汇解析

TepAI_@_,-EfJ

1.turn to 转向

l!PS[Ih;Kd_T5qqhy3A

There was no one to turn to, no one to tell.
没人可以求助,没人可以诉说r!gHVy%Kt.c

)TpNKxs*Zf;ncn

2.economic assets 经济资产

89Kk=fb*@[3m4d0

As a consequence, having older people in a family can be an economic asset, not a liability.
因此,家有老年人是一笔经济财富,而不是负担y_;%^Vhhd7(6Zn3;

XmluA&!j+C2

3.depends on 依赖

_1ImmMrD1MWj

The development of the food industry depends on that of agriculture.
食品工业的发展有赖于农业的发展xh@-*%)g4r@Pm[

@wZ%Tdd6t,L9#KeZ8L1

4.economic problems 经济问题

or&&R0x_ZdF=f

The country is beset by severe economic problems.
这个国家被严重的经济问题所困扰N@c9karnYXGjh|Y%Ku

内容解析

yUUf*(=H8xj~F

1.Marques says that people who were members of the government "are living with a tight control over the economic assets of the country, which they will not pass on to the new president."

9S4f4)*7T4#Ihc)F

pass on 传递

Am1ELii-IqrzZst2

They pass on their cost of borrowing and add it to their profit margin.
他们将借款成本转嫁,将其算到利润率里面n1z9D.NHBg-&r4
The late Earl passed on much of his fortune to his daughter.
已故伯爵将他的大部分财产传给了女儿~xZ&=%cp;8

CD@ZY|5gX.

2.At a gelato shop, customers spend what is equal to Feliciana's daily income in one visit.

~s^NJJi]c9

be equal to 与...相当

jH;4goLPvhUiP.V6gIGC

It is equal to me whether he comes or not.
他来不来对我都一样Em-JHZl+T]b+^
The happiness you feel is equal to the love you give.
你的幸福感等于你付出的爱Mf#RX;opADU~+kH

参考译文

DV!Td^.k09B@]2^]N]

安哥拉新总统如何应付经济问题?
时隔近40年,安哥拉人第一次选举出他们的新总统kI;SHc]vFKa#q)
当选总统若昂·洛伦索(Joao Lourenco)称,他想要减少对石油的依赖性HwkeY+O;M68+m。但批评者指出,国家的经济与不平等问题并非源于对石油的依赖=|xDW(Ux0y~=vZ。他们认为这些问题是治国无方导致的aWYpiLZpJnE
卡洛珀·菲力希安娜(Kialopo Feliciana)在罗安达一市场售卖食物n@gZSa7SXq6;6k=MU。她每天的收入大约18美元]frywYM]Nq|nb
但是,最近她向美国之音表示,她的生意开销太高ooNi*!pk5s)(Qwh(,_s!。这就是她没有多少收入可贴补家用的原因-V.cBhK7,a,x[M
菲力希安娜每天都会留出9美元贴补家用W*-EYp;G+y[)iam。她说,家里人靠这些钱度日,因为成年的儿子现待业在家rk_LY3GJJYK!aq4pQ

~#vRc2~UL|^sLiG=

安哥拉新总统上任.jpg
安哥拉全国失业率约为26%f3dlD)sgHf1Jl
而在另一边小镇,街道上各种大厦和高档商铺林立|ydjq-#PS;CE7。在一家冰淇淋店,顾客一次的消费金额抵得上菲力希安娜一天的收入k-Xue~[!_Q5TNP2mobOD
退休总统何塞·爱德华多·多斯桑托斯(Jose Eduardo dos Santos)居住在这里142@]s0~P6N]LT=_。在长达38年的执政生涯期间,他经常被指责侵吞政府的石油收入或“照顾”亲友P;ep@#Erd_!6wH6ggSN
安哥拉是非洲第二大石油生产国,但这笔财富并没有让所有安哥拉人受益eRl=5T7g[frY。当选总统洛伦索表示,他想发展石油以外的产业CMd;LDWBME1,
他在选举之前向民众许诺,他计划增加农业、旅游业、工业和其他经济领域的活动Kzi~~py8WEb8qIuko
但他的批评者说这个问题并不复杂~C_lU1Zz83SK。曼努埃尔·费尔南德斯(Manuel Fernandes)是反对立法者a*KY~gL;;ZLNnF0(nG。他向美国之音表示,国家的贫困并不是因为油价下跌vRlzRcvEyx]d。他说,贫穷是因为治国无方1N#DQmlw*+*)j;iTF
政府评论家兼记者拉斐尔·马奎斯(Rafael Marques)表示,洛伦索的处境艰难,因为国家的大部分财富仍然掌握在多斯桑托斯手中fymepm8w0=Eg,KJAH
他说:“问题是没钱怎么治理国家?”
马奎斯说,政府成员“严格管控着国家的经济资产,他们不会交接给新总统[Wu_qUcFBz=^ak。”
洛伦索的处境堪忧v8OoM|U&qI32P2)H。一旦官方票数确认后,他必须上台执政HTVw3xUl,2c,z@t
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报x+Ko(7Dtug.]To!8cW&t

!)9z8N(K,YaxmXg

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

r]2vlDBWPN&4)7~2gF0GQTXUhHe8laGJZ^w91!41&PEqS
分享到
重点单词
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • criticn. 批评家,评论家
  • oppositionn. 反对,敌对,在野党
  • unemploymentn. 失业,失业人数
  • severeadj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的
  • costlyadj. 昂贵的,代价高的
  • liabilityn. 责任,可能性,债务,不利因素,倾向
  • electionn. 选举
  • consequencen. 结果,后果
  • povertyn. 贫困,贫乏