VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国强力球彩票开出7.59亿美元大奖
日期:2017-08-25 15:32

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听力文本

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Largest Single US Lottery Payout Gives Winner $759 Million
A very lucky person has won the largest single lottery payout in United States history - $758.7 million.
A 53-year-old hospital worker from Massachusetts, Mavis Wanczyk, came forward Thursday to claim her prize in the Powerball drawing. She said she had quit her job and wanted to take some time to relax.
Lottery officials say she chose to take a single payment of $480 million, or $336 million after taxes. Winners can also choose to receive the jackpot in 30 payments over 29 years.
The winning numbers were drawn Wednesday night in the Powerball, which is played in most U.S. states. The matching numbers were 6, 7, 16, 23 and 26, with the Powerball number 4.
Wanczyk bought her ticket Wednesday at a store in a small Massachusetts town. She said for some of the winning numbers, she chose birthdays of people she knows.
The jackpot was the second-largest overall lottery prize in U.S. history. The biggest jackpot ever was a $1.6 billion Powerball payout in 2016. But that prize was shared among three winners.
Lottery officials reported the odds of winning Wednesday's Powerball were one in 292.2 million.
The Powerball lottery is held twice a week, with numbers drawn from two containers. One container holds 69 numbered balls, from which five are drawn. Another ball – known as the Powerball - is selected from the other container. To win the full jackpot, a person must match all six numbers.
Why does the jackpot grow so large?
The jackpot continues to grow each time there is no top prize winner. The last time someone matched all six Powerball numbers was June 10, when a California man won $447.8 million.
The jackpots have been growing larger because there are fewer big winners. This is because lottery officials have made changes to the game that make the odds of winning more difficult, The Washington Post reports.
Two years ago, the chances of winning were about 1 in 175 million. This compares to the latest drawing's odds of one in 292.2 million.
This resulted from a change to the game in October 2015, when Powerball increased the number of balls from 59 to 69, according to the newspaper.
Experts say the bigger the jackpot gets, the amount of media coverage also increases, driving ticket sales higher and higher. Several studies have shown that lower-income Americans buy most of the lottery tickets.
American states benefit from lottery sale
But the huge lottery payoffs do not only benefit the winners. U.S. states participating in lotteries also get a percentage of revenue, amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars.
Some states put the lottery earnings in a general state fund, which can be used for many things. But many others set the money aside for specific purposes - such as education, environmental programs or anti-crime efforts.
Some states even earn more money from the lottery than from income taxes on companies, according to Reuters news agency.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.come forward 涌现

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No witnesses have come forward.
没有目击证人站出来JdBhy[A!AU,exY]

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2.income taxes 所得税

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They have brought down income taxes.
他们降低了所得税Gju_W-d_DF5wsHQo-a

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3.compares to 与...比较

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This compares to the actual real GDP growth rate over the last ten years of 1.7%.
相比之下,过去10年中实际GDP增长率为1.7%eY3M)Idw6Sx_x&~8_+v

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4.participating in 参加;参与

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The doctors take turns at participating in the mobile medical team.
医生们轮流参加巡回医疗队lJ=;JAUfy~E]*lK

内容解析

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1.Several studies have shown that lower-income Americans buy most of the lottery tickets.

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lottery tickets 彩票

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People stood in a long queue to buy lottery tickets.
人们排起了长龙买彩票ND-I*)q1E=W,ay6W
I'm not wasting any more of my money on lottery tickets.
我不会再在彩票上浪费钱了JE%fvG0euF

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2.But many others set the money aside for specific purposes - such as education, environmental programs or anti-crime efforts.

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setaside 留出;驳回

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Some doctors advise setting aside a certain hour each day for worry.
一些医生建议每天留出一点时间来解决烦心事._.64o6CU@
He urged them to set aside minor differences for the sake of peace.
他敦促他们为了和平抛开一些小的分歧L6_j&t9PdVZOy,

参考译文

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美国强力球彩票开出7.59亿美元大奖
一位幸运彩民中了美国史上最大的单注彩票大奖,奖金高达7.587亿美元P]xDhxAE82~Dy*
周四,马萨诸塞州53岁的医院工作人员马维斯·万齐克(Mavis Wanczyk)来到美国强力球彩票中心兑奖8-dXclbzX,o.%KqPK)。她说自己已经辞职,好好放松一下Clx(3~=z_]Q
彩票官员表示,她选择一次性领走4.8亿美元奖金(税后约3.36亿美元)ttvDOHD2f;。获奖者也可以选择在29年内分30次领取这注头奖Ys^sV);xTmjW%
周三晚上,强力球彩票中心公布了中奖号码,该类彩票在美国多数地区销售q]Ga#b,S6KvvowmH。这次中奖号码为6、7、16、23、26,而强力球号码为4jkTk@uEHUxkwEx
周三晚,万齐克在马萨诸塞州一座小镇的商店内购买了这张彩票XMPO]9x.OJ]。她说,自己是根据一些认识的人的生日选择的号码0mruLw~z,C%o
这注头奖是美国史上开出的第二大彩票奖金yzt7_wEy+m。第一大注头奖是2016年强力球彩票开出的16亿美元巨额奖金mHLRoWe_4c。不过,那次奖金由3名中奖彩民平分T*[vOp!c8vN18

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美国强力球彩票开出7.59亿美元大奖.png
彩票中心官员表示,周三这期强力球彩票的中奖几率只有2.922亿分之一_iS~80#zeE
强力球彩票每周开奖两次,中奖号码从两个容器中抽取qTLQJ[-xF4。其中一个容器内有69个数字球,从中抽取5组中奖号码Y=&h~8HHCGg|Q。而强力球的中奖号码从另一个容器中抽取L,HlLZx@uKjI6RL@E5*.。想要中得头彩,必须与6组号码丝毫不差zg~YM43ptBnb*M75
为何头奖金额如此庞大?
如果没人中得头奖,那么头奖的奖金会持续累积oW1%2m8Gj#05G=~+r。上次有人买中6组强力球号码是在6月10日,当时一名加州男子领走了4.478亿美元8[+ME#eW%(&MX89447&
由于中头奖的几率小,头奖的奖金越积越高bkCL97(Y*za@VpW。《华盛顿邮报》报道称,因为彩票中心的官员修改了中奖规则,所以很难中得头奖&t[k+nP-CWoKms6e
两年前的中奖几率约为1.75亿分之一jv3_;GV9wJ%。而最近这次开奖的中奖几率为2.922亿分之一[J*dXW!5N[P|Yw5WWP=_
据《华盛顿邮报》报道,2015年10月,中奖规则发生调整,当时强力球彩票中心将59个奖球增至69个82n@TIN]Q9O%bJb
专家指出,头奖越高,媒体报道的次数会越多,那么彩票的销量也就越高#89v4NP6-0WB。一些研究发现,大多数购买彩票的彩民为美国的低收入群体S[!@mjT2yfQA!LyUpb2r
美国各州从彩票销售中受益
不过,巨额的彩票奖金不仅使中奖者获益,参与彩票的美国各州也会按比例纷获数亿美元的奖金ix7gWmBr[18SxuSz71#
一些州将彩票收益纳入普通的州基金,可用于任何支出D44^9i+duRIZ[MDejLM。但是其它很多州将这笔资金用于特定用途,例如教育、环保或是预防犯罪等项目8+CRHp=6xk!
据路透社报道,一些州因彩票获得的资金甚至超过了对企业所征收的所得税(bJbY[bG%ERg!1nS;&|
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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