VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):拯救老烟枪 美国拟降低尼古丁含量
日期:2017-08-22 15:05

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Wants to Make it Easier for Americans to Stop Smoking
The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) wants to make it easier for people to stop smoking.
It proposes to do this by lowering nicotine levels in cigarettes.
The FDA said lower nicotine levels will make it easier for people to smoke less, and to move toward stopping smoking all together.
Scott Gottlieb, the head of the FDA, is a doctor and cancer survivor.
Gottlieb said that most deaths and diseases from smoking are a result of an addiction to nicotine, a chemical found in tobacco plants. A smoking addiction means that people feel such a physical need to smoke that they have a very difficult time stopping. He said that nicotine is to blame for this dependency.
Gottlieb also called cigarettes the only legal product that
"when used as intended will kill half of all long-term users."
The FDA is taking public comments before deciding whether to put the proposed policy into effect.
The Altria Group sells Marlboro and other brands of cigarettes in the United States.
It said any change in nicotine levels must be done "based on science."
The company also said the FDA should watch out for "unintended consequences" – in other words, a result that was not thought of at the time an action was first proposed.
Jennifer Tidey is a professor of psychiatry at Brown University in Rhode Island. She and others did research on lowering nicotine levels. Their findings were published two years ago in The New England Journal of Medicine.
In their study, over 800 smokers were given cigarettes with different levels of nicotine over a six-week period.
Tidey said the results showed that lower-nicotine cigarettes helped people smoke less and even stop smoking.
The World Health Organization (WHO) says cigarette smoking is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced.
WHO said more than seven million people are killed from smoking each year worldwide. Yet it said many people do not know about the dangers of smoking.
"More than 6 million of those deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 890,000 are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke," WHO said.
Thirteen members of the U.S. Senate wrote a letter to the FDA. The Senators, all members of the Democratic Party, expressed support for the proposed nicotine regulation. They asked that the rule be put into effect quickly.
The letter was put together by Senator Patty Murray from the western state of Washington.
The Reuters news agency reported that officials expect regulators in Europe to study similar calls to reduce nicotine levels.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.move toward 前往

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We need passionate desire and clear directions as we move toward our dreams.
在实现梦想的道路上我们需有强烈的愿望和明确的方向&8IXJOr0xYFz#cPzE

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2.public health 公共卫生

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Global cooperation to prevent the spread of pandemic disease can promote public health.
全球合作预防疾病蔓延也有助于促进公共健康csrkOJ=P.AQi+1kHQ5j3

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3.second-hand smoke 二手烟

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Second-hand smoke harms everyone who is exposed to it.
二手烟雾对每一个接触者都会造成伤害o[-+EZ@vVo)N(

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4.in other words 换句话说

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In other words, we have to build different corporate cultures and ways of working.
换句话说,我们必须建立不同的企业文化和运作方式yb;Fo^!myeqqx4CI!Y

内容解析

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1.They asked that the rule be put into effect quickly.

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put into effect 执行;实施

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The provisions of the agreement are being put into effect.
协定的条款正在付诸实施fcY]|=X&QZM[h3m
These suggestions were adopted and put into effect.
这些建议得到了采纳,并付诸于实行ByuNk3_-pkG.!mvbe8

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2.The letter was put together by Senator Patty Murray from the western state of Washington.

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put together 放在一起;组装

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He took it apart brick by brick, and put it back together again.
他一块砖一块砖地把它拆开,然后又把它组合起来ty)aUkT=gLx
We wouldn't have time to put together an agreement.
我们没有时间来制订出一个协议qN&x;ZXzeu%|0

参考译文

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拯救老烟枪 美国拟降低尼古丁含量
美国食品药品监督管理局(FDA)想让人们戒烟更加容易~_ZNVDgIOVaX7S8m
该机构建议降低烟草中尼古丁的含量6mSS&xv+UCLdy+3iH
美国食品药品监督管理局表示,降低尼古丁的含量,人们吸烟量也会逐渐减少,也就降低了戒烟的难度blfgb1i6LS[v7Yf0lnT
斯科特·戈特利布是该机构的负责人,也是一名医生,还是一名癌症幸存者d&nj[Rc;RC
戈特利布表示,多数因吸烟导致的死亡或疾病都是对尼古丁上瘾引起的,尼古丁是烟草中含有的化学物质1sp-XxPbBjw。所谓烟瘾就是人体对烟有生理需求,烟瘾难断yek[y]wftGCD-d]Gwq5。他还说,尼古丁是这种依赖性的罪魁祸首%WRDQ,]Im3Kf8

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美国拟降低尼古丁含量.jpg
戈特利布还称,烟草是唯一可导致半数长期吸烟者死亡的合法产品S4#2=VPlMh5。”
该机构正在征集民意然后决定是否要实施这项政策%4(rpm)Nx@t[
美国奥驰亚集团主要销售万宝路等香烟品牌eFfVq^6je]|e!CO~49VL
该公司表示,尼古丁含量的调整必须有“科学依据”Gxv**r=;%J~Ag*
该公司还表示,美国食品药品监督管理局应该小心其他“意外后果”——换句话说,是指采取某种行动之初没有预料到的结果9Im,Fu=O68kqgRjRG
詹妮弗·泰迪(Jennifer Tidey)是美国罗德岛州布朗大学的精神病学教授QeLz7+lD&4x。她和同事对降低尼古丁含量进行研究6EAXOU(-c5ykdw。2年前,他们的研究结果发布在《新英格兰医学杂志》上mp#p*KvPr=o0t|q@
他们将不同尼古丁含量的烟草分发给800名吸烟者,研究周期为6周#Pyxo=ZpON&e*
结果显示,烟草中尼古丁含量越少,人们吸食烟草越少,甚至可以戒烟YLs4;G0C*p-n6.L)|]]
世卫组织表示,吸烟成为全球有史以来面临的最大公共健康隐患m9;0skpOBVaB(iPV#A
世卫组织表示,每年全球约700多万人因吸烟死亡VWa,x)y!!-z0@v]R。然而,世卫组织的数据还指出,很多人还不了解吸烟的危害CL8XManM%[xtn
世卫组织指出:“在所有的死亡案例中,有600多万人是直接吸烟死亡的,而约89万人因吸食二手烟而死亡”!9vM[Axl.]y7c;
美国参议院的13名议员向美国食品药品监督管理局递交了联名信v#JL8Z[Wr;H9l。这些议员都是民主党议员,他们表示支持尼古丁监管提案]4]@DSJvBVP0*Z5L&@。他们请求尽快实施该提案jB^S-nzWmo_8#C(Ue
这封联名信是华盛顿州联邦参议员帕蒂·默里(Patty Murray)汇总整理的.]9%;ex6+P(dQG
据路透社报道,官员们希望欧洲监管人员也能做出类似的努力来降低尼古丁含量H;elzHeSV5dw
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报Tl]vFFMaK9KZM7x

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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