Russian Court to Hear Wallenberg Case
A court in Moscow is preparing to hear arguments from the family of Raoul Wallenberg in a case against Russia's Federal Security Service, or FSB.
The former Swedish diplomat has been credited with saving thousands of Jews during World War II.
A lawyer for his family says the court will hear the arguments on August 17. The family is asking the FSB to provide documentation that could help prove what happened to Wallenberg at the end of the war.
"We feared we will encounter resistance from the court in the adoption of the claim given that in recent decades," Russian state agencies have invented reasons not to provide information on this case, lawyer Ivan Pavlov said on August 10.
Raoul Wallenberg served as a diplomat in German-occupied Hungary during World War II. He led an effort that saved the lives of thousands of Hungarian Jews.
The Soviet Union took control of Hungary from German forces as the war came to a close. Soviet forces captured Wallenberg in 1945. He later died in prison, although details of his death are unclear.
Russia has only said that Wallenberg died in 1947 in Moscow's Lubyanka prison. At the time, the prison was operating under the KGB, the main security agency for the Soviet Union.
The FSB replaced the KGB after the break-up of the country in 1991.
Soviet officials, and later Russia, claimed the then-35-year-old Swede died of a heart attack. Wallenberg's family, Swedish officials, and others have disputed that claim.
Marie Dupuy, Wallenberg's niece, said on July 26 that she had asked the Russian legal organization Team 29 to bring the case to court. "Numerous requests to Russian authorities over many years, publicly and privately, by myself, by expert historians, and Swedish officials, have failed to yield any results," she said.
Dupuy claimed Russian records contained documents with direct relevance to Wallenberg's condition. But she said his family and independent experts have not been permitted to examine the documents.
"As soon as August 17, we will clarify the position of the FSB, which has not commented on this case in any way, and we will find out what we are going to face in court," Pavlov said.
I'm John Russell.
1.be...credited with 被认为
He is credited with building the Seattle company into an international success story.
2.find out 发现
They need to interview some people and find out if they like their jobs.
3.heart attack 心脏病
He died of a heart attack brought on by overwork.
4.died of 死于...
He died of tubercular meningitis.
1.As soon as August 17, we will clarify the position of the FSB, which has not commented on this case in any way, and we will find out what we are going to face in court
As soon as 一...就；尽早
As soon as we found this out, we closed the ward
As soon as I had made the final decision, I felt a lot more relaxed
2.He led an effort that saved the lives of thousands of Hungarian Jews.
led an effort 带领；倡导
My national security team has led an interagency effort overnight.
I led an effort to change our production system over to dedicated lines.
在一项控诉俄罗斯联邦安全局（简称FSB）的案件中，莫斯科的一家法院准备听取拉乌尔·瓦伦贝里（Raoul Wallenberg）亲属的辩论 。
瓦伦贝里家族的律师称，法院将在8月17号举行听证会 。该家族要求俄罗斯联邦安全局提供能帮助证明瓦伦贝里在二战结束时遇害始末的文件 。
律师伊凡·巴甫洛夫（Ivan Pavlov）8月10日表示：“鉴于近几十年，俄罗斯国家机构编造了各种理由不提供案件信息，我们担心在法庭通过决议时会遇到阻力” 。
二战期间，瓦伦贝格在被德国占领的匈牙利任外交官 。他带头拯救了上万名匈牙利犹太人的性命 。
战争结束时，苏联从德军手中接管了匈牙利 。1945年，苏联军队逮捕了瓦伦贝里 。随后，他命丧狱中，尽管他的死亡细节尚不清楚 。
俄罗斯方面只是表示，瓦伦贝里于1947年在莫斯科卢比扬卡监狱身亡 。当时，这所监狱归苏联国家安全委员会（苏联的主要安全机构）管辖 。
苏联官员及后来的俄罗斯都声称，当时35岁的瓦伦贝里死于心脏病 。而瓦伦贝里的亲属，瑞典官员和其他人士对此存有异议 。
7月26日，玛丽·杜佩（Marie Dupuy）是瓦伦贝里的侄女称，已要求俄罗斯法律组织29队将此案诉诸法庭 。她表示：“多年来，无论是公开及私下，本人、专业历史学家和瑞典官员先后多次向俄罗斯当局提出请求，最后却都不了了之 。”
杜佩声称俄罗斯的档案中有与瓦伦贝里直接相关的资料 。但她指出，他的家人和独立专家没有授权检查这些文件 。