VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奶牛心情越好 奶质越佳
日期:2017-07-30 19:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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It turns out that happy cows produce better milk.

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The finding is not new. The California Milk Advisory Board has been saying it for years. But now a team of researchers, working with the University of Wisconsin’s Dairyland Initiative, is helping farmers have happier herds.

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The researchers are visiting dairy farms and showing farmers how to improve their cows’ living conditions. Their advice and information is available around the world on their website.

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One important area for discussion is how to prevent leg pain, a condition also called lameness.

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Nigel Cook is with the Dairyland Initiative.

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"Lameness impacts everything a cow gets to do in her day. It impacts the way she rests, the way she milks, the way she eats, her ability to reproduce and ultimately her ability to stay on the farm.”

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Speaking in a cow barn, Cook explains that a bed of sand can provide a good place for cows to lie down during the day.

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The deep, soft bedding of sand creates an environment where cows can rest half the day, and that is incredibly important to cows.

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The researchers advise farmers to provide bigger stalls, the areas where cows are kept in a barn. They also say farmers should use more fans to keep the animals cool, and feed all their cows at the same time.

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And researchers say it is a good idea to keep cows with their usual group of friends when it comes time for them to give birth. This helps lessen the stress for the cows.

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Mitch Breunig owns the Mystic Valley Dairy in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. He says he used the advice to improve the conditions for his 400 cows.

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"If you take away their stress, they actually produce more milk. And then the other thing that actually is interesting is they do it by eating less feed."

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Since he made the changes, Breunig says the dairy’s production has increased. His cows have gone from producing 49 liters of milk a day to almost 57 liters.

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Also, his cows have fewer injuries and live about a year longer than before. That is good for the animals, and for people, too.

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I’m Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.produce vt.生产

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Plants produce oxygen.

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植物制造氧气DxlC5GKzmqh*u-

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2.reproduce vt.生育,繁殖

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The turtles return to the coast to reproduce.

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海龟回到岸上繁殖dJyo*r=%+K

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3.milk vt.挤牛奶

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I helped to milk the cows.

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我帮忙挤牛奶v5Ra|.,e0sibFys-Bp;

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4.lessen vt.减少,减轻

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The new project will lessen the effects of car pollution.

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这个新项目将减少汽车污染的影响#]hf^~j(C=-p

内容解析

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1.But now a team of researchers, working with the University of Wisconsin’s Dairyland Initiative,

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work with... 与……工作/公事

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As the leader of this office, she can work with everyone.

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作为办公室的领导,她和每个人都合作得很好w]W252&-G3w44ax41iK

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I'd like to work with young people.

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我愿意和年轻人共事FX=MkJbevp[

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2.That is good for the animals, and for people, too.

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be good for... 对……有好处

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Yet do you really know why chocolate is good for you?

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但是你是否真的知道为什么巧克力对你是有好处的?

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After all, that is good for wealth and good for growth.

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毕竟,这些对于财富和增长来说都是好事v0KZXnDODgkJzGtt

参考译文

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人们发现,好心情的奶牛能产出奶质更好的牛奶f0-ow8Wf[lZ2R=Q.T@7D

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这一发现并非首次!FFfVq1H=g7K;d[TF。多年来,美国加州乳品协会一直持有这个观点lCX=[7xG=QF*5e)qS4。但现在有一组研究人员正与威斯康星大学合作进行“乳牛场计划”,帮助农民们改善牧群的心情IAu&@=XnMbcRL]i6wq

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这些研究人员正在访问多个乳牛场,手把手展示如何改善奶牛的生活水准Xc~U_#C1Dh!GBoVvlX,。他们还把可用的建议和信息放在了官网上,供世界各地的人借鉴k+iNDLrV(R+w)&Zee

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其中一个重要的讨论区就是如何防范腿痛,这种情况也称瘸症3D*WC,+M45=4va7Y

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奈杰尔 库克也参与了乳牛场计划-FEL0UcLotp.9JZq

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瘸症会影响到奶牛一天的活动状态X~dFir.5ec0。比如,影响到她休息的方式、挤奶的方式、进食的方式、生育能力以及最关键的——她的生存能力2J;hZCzsgmBoiV

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在牛棚里讲解的时候,库克解释说,沙床是奶牛白天躺下休息的好去处ap~iIyY1!Irug

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沙床又深又软,可以让奶牛好好休息半天,而好好休息对奶牛来讲非常重要]-As@tT@6C+5m3m3IB

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研究人员建议农民们把牛棚弄得更大些,因为这里是牛待着的地方X,(L~w.b4plC2Fu;。研究人员还说,农民们应该配置更多的风扇,让奶牛凉快些Z5WWk33-q2n]!Y。此外,喂食要同时进行aUTf9[(P+]4;^P

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研究人员还表示,把奶牛跟他们平时经常一起的小伙伴放在一起是明智的选择,尤其是在他们要临产的时候jyUN(bwlFKFAHBYxo)。这可以缓解他们的焦虑vDs%a]zNu.

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米奇 布鲁尼格是威斯康星州神秘河谷奶牛场的场主qcj]W]%jm7*W#Mv(。他表示,自己用这些建议来改善了400头奶牛的生活水准BEtf;Y_a9o&]

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如果能消除奶牛的焦虑,奶牛就能产出更多牛奶,k3DJf)3yU6。然后另一件有意思的事情就会发生——他们吃得也更少了ib84s%qR=.6U

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自从布鲁尼格做出这些改变以来,他表示,奶制品的产量就在上升Zj[@A8THkPuCX0。他奶牛的产奶量已经从49升增长至几乎57升VXu5yVgS9IRIlj

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此外,他的奶牛受伤情况减少了,寿命也比以前长了近一岁a3s+s1MBvvLvl+;o。这对奶牛、对人来说,都是好事^7e=-h%MD#eAUKI9wW

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安妮 鲍尔为您播报0lQc6C@;wEAd89

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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