VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):日本新机器人探测福岛核反应堆
日期:2017-07-25 17:10

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Robot Explores Fukushima Reactor
A robot entered a damaged reactor at Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant this week to take pictures of the reactor destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami in 2011.
The robot, nicknamed 'The Little Sunfish,' is very small – about the size of a loaf of bread. It has lights, five propellers, and two cameras, among other data collection tools.
Toshiba Corp., the electronics and energy company, and the International Institute for Nuclear Decommissioning, a government-funded group, developed the Little Sunfish.
Four operators control the Little Sunfish from afar. It is designed to tolerate radiation of up to 200 sieverts, a level that can kill humans instantly.
Robots are important for decommissioning the plant
Tokyo Electric Power Company, or TEPCO, is the plant's operator. TEPCO spokesman Takahiro Kimoto praised the robot's work, saying it took pictures of the underwater damage that had not been previously seen. However, the pictures showed no sign of the melted nuclear fuel that researchers hope to find, he said.
Robots are a key part of the plan to decommission the damaged plant. However, high levels of radiation and damage have stopped robots from doing their work in the past.
In previous tests, two robots became stuck inside two of the plant's other reactors.
A scorpion-shaped robot failed inside the plant's Unit 2 reactor. A snake-shaped robot designed to clear debris for the scorpion probe was removed after two hours when its cameras failed. The cameras failed because radiation levels were five times higher than anticipated.
Kimoto said the Little Sunfish showed that the Unit 3 reactor chamber was "clearly more severely damaged" than Unit 2, which was explored by the scorpion probe.
Scientists need to know the melted fuel's exact location and understand the damage in each of the three wrecked reactors. This information will help them to decide on the safest and most efficient ways to remove the fuel.
Japanese officials say they want to decide on methods for removing the melted nuclear fuel this summer. They hope to start the removal work in 2021.
I'm John Russell.

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词汇解析

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1.nuclear plant 核电厂

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The Japanese government and the Tokyo Electric Power Company are struggling to resolve the crisis at the nuclear plant.
日本政府和东京电力公司正在奋力解决核电厂的危机7;8xWCjg!fGAOOuG

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2.nuclear fuel 核燃料

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When nuclear fuel is manufactured it is encased in metal cans.
核燃料生产出来后被装在金属罐中uX)qbh+9|Mpi,

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3.take pictures 拍照

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I would like to take pictures professionally because I get so much out of it.
我想从事职业摄影,因为我从中获益匪浅K!R]ZnI0-NE6wuM

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4.data collection 数据收集

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By data collection of the database, we analyzed chromosome features of the group Gymnosperm.
在数据库的统计数据基础上,我们分析了裸子植物的染色体特征4[I,i!#NmDn|5#]Z!

内容解析

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1.The robot, nicknamed 'The Little Sunfish,' is very small – about the size of a loaf of bread.

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a loaf of 一片;一条

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Hunger goaded him to steal a loaf of bread.
饥饿驱使他偷了一只面包M@qFA8Jcn.FMoBh
Your desire for food can be met without killing someone for a loaf of bread.
你不必为了一条面包来杀死某人,以实现你对食物的追求va4sJzc*,j1#ntP

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2.However, the pictures showed no sign of the melted nuclear fuel that researchers hope to find, he said.

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showed no sign of 没有显示...的迹象

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The oil workers showed no sign of fear before the great difficulties.
石油工人在困难面前毫无惧色PBw-^HkgIV-6Mu
They showed no sign of responding to the quotation.
他们对报价没有任何回应的表示|jEQqY=4;==+

参考译文

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日本新机器人探测福岛核反应堆
本周,一款机器人进入日本福岛核电站内部某受损的核反应堆中拍摄照片,该反应堆在2011年发生的地震和海啸中受损jvcVH*sOUK%J
这款体型较小的机器人名为“迷你翻车鱼”,大概只有一片面包大小#.aY])%oRFJ。该机器人配有照明灯、五个螺旋桨、两台摄像头以及一些其他的数据收集设备e8T2)T^gR4F
这款机器人是由东芝电子能源公司与政府成立的国际核退役研究所(IRID)共同研发的eWeFaY2#jbPxlZ#WDlx~
“迷你翻车鱼”由四人远程操控9%_6pK4%Q6I,iY0-bBki。“迷你翻车鱼”可承受200西弗的核辐射,而这种程度的辐射对于人类是致命的;TF1TDbT!o&Iil]2e4n-

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日本新机器人探测福岛核反应推.jpg
东京电力公司(TEPCO)是福岛核电站的运营方V4X|~A^~7kr73zAg。该公司发言人Takahiro Kimoto称赞了“迷你翻车鱼”的工作,同时表示,“迷你翻车鱼”拍摄的水下受损情况是之前从未发现过的6V9SjF&P.c^[lMF(。然而,其所拍摄的照片并没有研究员想要看到的核燃料熔化的迹象j50|h*~77wrQLe^
机器人是销毁受损核电站计划的关键一步zrhp#KyljkTX_.pK-YjG。不过,此前因辐射和损坏程度严重,机器人难以顺利进行作业SV!s+_EGB;[0;W
在之前的测试中,有两个机器人被困在福岛核电站其他核反应堆内部%w2_+U[z(Al1cmN=hggS
一个蝎子状的机器人被困在福岛核电站的2号反应堆机组内部dzb7)T4d4s1Rq。另一个蛇状机器人的任务是清理蝎子探测过程中遗留的残渣,但作业2小时后因摄像头失灵被移除w3-z-7k%WuB8*,BDv。摄像头失灵是因为辐射强度是预期的5倍e2FVsF3c8V*5uHE
Kimoto表示,3号反应堆机组明显比2号机组“受损严重”,蝎子机器人探测的正是2号机组nPI^%,[iM,Q%EQ#t
科学家需要获取熔化燃料的精确位置以及3个受损反应堆受损情况eqE@-T@i~%yMUiO。这些信息将有利于他们判断移除熔化燃料最安全、有效的方法eu5KU.IJ,DxuX0Qr
多名日本官员表示,今年夏天将敲定移除熔化核燃料的方法7jdqa=4_|@80+Gkgpr.。他们希望移除工程能于2021年启动^kWeregQ@gjo5qC;@S
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • removev. 消除,除去,脱掉,搬迁 n. 去除,间距
  • collectionn. 收集,收取,聚集,收藏品,募捐
  • radiationn. 辐射,放射线
  • quotationn. 引语,语录,引用,报价,行情
  • scorpionn. 蝎子,心黑的人,蝎子鞭 Scorpion:天蝎座
  • anticipatedadj. 预期的;期望的 v. 预料(anticipat
  • resolven. 决定之事,决心,坚决 vt. 决定,解决,分离,表
  • instituten. 学会,学院,协会 vt. 创立,开始,制定
  • chromosomen. 染色体
  • previouslyadv. 先前,在此之前