VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):鹰派参议院麦凯恩患癌震动华盛顿
日期:2017-07-21 17:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Senator John McCain Has Brain Cancer
Senator John McCain has brain cancer.
McCain, 80, is a Republican who lost the 2008 presidential election to Democrat Barack Obama. He is considered a war hero from his service in the Vietnam War.
His office and the Mayo Clinic Hospital in Phoenix, Arizona, provided the medical information about McCain on Wednesday night.
McCain was diagnosed with glioblastoma, an aggressive form of cancer. It forms tumors in the brain and spinal cord, according to the American Brain Tumor Association.
The American Cancer Society estimates that people who develop glioblastoma after the age of 55 have a five-year survival rate of 4 percent.
McCain's Senate office said the senator is in "good spirits" as he continues to recover from surgery at his Arizona home.
Praise for McCain came from leaders of both political parties. Former President Obama tweeted:
"John McCain is an American hero & one of the bravest fighters I've ever known. Cancer doesn't know what it's up against. Give it hell, John."
Republican President Donald Trump, who once questioned whether McCain was really a war hero, also offered best wishes.
"Senator John McCain has always been a fighter. Melania and I send our thoughts and prayers to Senator McCain, Cindy, and their entire family. Get well soon."
Before entering politics, McCain was a Navy fighter pilot. He was imprisoned and tortured by the North Vietnamese for five years after his plane was shot down.
McCain refused the North Vietnamese offers to leave early from a prison known as the "Hanoi Hilton." McCain said he would not leave unless fellow American prisoners of war were also released. When McCain was finally released in 1973, he was badly injured and weakened.
In 1982, McCain was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Four years later, he was elected to the Senate.
McCain has survived other health issues, including melanoma -- the most dangerous form of skin cancer. He also faced a variety of health problems caused by his five years of imprisonment in Vietnam.
His daughter, Meghan, said her father is demonstrating his usual strength and bravery.
"It won't surprise you to learn that in all this, the one of us who is most confident and calm is my father," she said. "He is the toughest person I know."
McCain's office said his doctors will decide when he can return to the Senate. A lengthy absence will make it more difficult for the Trump administration and Republican congressional leaders to pass bills.
Republicans had already delayed a vote on eliminating and replacing the health law, known as Obamacare. The delay was announced after McCain had surgery last week to remove a blood clot from behind his left eye.
On Wednesday night, the Mayo Clinic and the Arizona Republican's office announced McCain's diagnosis of a brain tumor.
McCain's doctors said the senator's next treatment may include a combination of chemotherapy and radiation.
Republican Senator Jeff Flake also represents the state of Arizona. He found out about the cancer during a telephone discussion with McCain.
"Only at the end of the conversation, I asked him how he was feeling today, and he said, 'I'm feeling fine, but I might have some chemotherapy in my future,'" Flake said on ABC television. "And that's how I learned of it. So it was almost in passing about his diagnosis."
Flake went on to say that McCain sounded "optimistic."
"He's John McCain -- that's what we expect," Flake said.

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词汇解析

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1.presidential election 总统选举

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Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
总统选举中的两位领先者都不是主流政治家Mq[V-8*)I9[c~lNauv

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2.a combination of 综合...

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A combination of talent, hard work and good looks have taken her to the top.
兼具天赋、勤奋和美貌使她得以出人头地p54VCVFTKQOyy(YwFOLL

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3.return to 返回

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I solemnly vowed that someday I would return to live in Europe.
我郑重发誓,总有一天我将回到欧洲生活jop=YJsw%#

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4.skin cancer 皮肤癌

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People can keep out of the sun to avoid skin cancer.
人们可以通过避免阳光照射来预防皮肤癌_1PkUVC(=sof5,]%lt5V

内容解析

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1.He also faced a variety of health problems caused by his five years of imprisonment in Vietnam.

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a variety of 一系列的

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Minerals can be absorbed and utilized by the body in a variety of different forms.
人体可通过很多不同形式吸收和利用矿物质EB3vnNm^&t&F6Z~GEoY
We spend the time collating and presenting the information in a variety of chart forms.
我们花费时间用各种各样的图表来比照和展示这些信息D%4Y6WL=E#SmSY

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2."Only at the end of the conversation, I asked him how he was feeling today, and he said, 'I'm feeling fine, but I might have some chemotherapy in my future,'" Flake said on ABC television.

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at the end of 在...结束之时

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He parted with us at the end of the trip.
旅行结束时他和我们分手了CQ4YGqXZuKN@EUuzW@
There is a shop at the end of this lane.
这条胡同的顶头有一家商店;UZJ)fw.exPX

参考译文

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前共和党总统候选人麦凯恩罹患脑癌
参议员约翰·麦凯恩(John McCain)罹患脑癌)2vw~S+)F]
80岁高龄的麦凯恩是共和党人,他在2008年总统大选中败于民主党人奥巴马goCB)B1KnneeW。他被人们视为越战英雄zWhI^wl+V8g1#
周三晚间,麦凯恩办公室和亚利桑那州凤凰城的梅奥医院披露了麦凯恩的医疗信息4Dz.a#FYZZ+TK2
麦凯恩被确诊患有恶性胶质瘤(一种侵袭性癌症)X&d2;59gbw。美国脑部肿瘤协会表示,恶性胶质瘤会在脑部和脊髓中形成肿瘤.Et&f9|NPF;.3^Ix
据美国癌症协会估计,55岁以上恶性胶质瘤患者的5年存活率仅有4%tTLQ!^zPQlTjYt
麦凯恩参议员办公室表示,麦凯恩的“精神状态不错”,现正在亚利桑那州的家中进行术后康复i&u2^i3@=Xz6@TG

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麦凯恩罹患脑癌.jpg
美国两党领袖纷纷称赞麦凯恩esY@Sp,tXIS1;x#5!n3。前总统奥巴马发推表示:
“麦凯恩是美国的英雄,也是我所知道的最勇猛的战士iAEO[zDq5YXsih。癌症病魔不知晓自己的对手是谁QxUA&^wu1+Y。给它点颜色看看,约翰71_ufB(tq;l。”
曾质疑麦凯恩“战斗英雄”荣誉的共和党总统特朗普也表示了慰问lR@;IAFVmVW7AC
特朗普称:“麦凯恩参议员一直是一位战士#WfZQiuS~D9;v^!%UE。我和梅拉尼亚向麦凯恩参议员及其夫人辛迪和家属表示我们的慰问与祝福5)]~Po,_JMxknNtv(kZq。祝他早日康复%TmRdR(If^~c%G。”
进入政坛前,麦凯恩是一名海军战斗机飞行员+hj_&xMZn~o。他的战机被击落后遭北越士兵关押和折磨长达5年[ZMs,zqQh33)&1gI
麦凯恩拒绝了北越政府欲将其提前从“河内希尔顿”战俘营释放的交换协议|cPN2Q9I@JP。麦凯恩坚持,除非释放其他的美国战俘,否则他不会离开G6O6Vp;2%9t。1973年,当麦凯恩于终于被释放时,他已经伤痕累累0%C,FWhukhi&H
1982年,麦凯恩当选为美国众议员B9ZEI7urI4BcZay)chrH。4年后,他当选为参议员ftQl~zY1Q*0Ap
麦凯恩挺过了其它病症,包括黑色素瘤(一种极其危险的皮肤癌)ifkc|c(a.k。他还承受着越南被囚5年引起的一系列健康问题.PlnttbIGwTH1C6.vf6
麦凯恩的女儿梅根(Meghan)表示,父亲表现出一如既往的坚强与勇敢topX-+U=Ov8DLG
她指出:“可能大家不会感到惊讶,在这件事情上,父亲是我们中最有信心、最平静的人ETbT5gI.sl~JY@y。他是所认识的最坚强的人2;&SB7u,eNH-AC)6fIs。”
麦凯恩办公室表示,关于他何时重返参议院将由麦凯恩的医生决定R+%mknRNR2g+d4U4ok。他长期缺席议会将导致特朗普政府和共和党国会领袖通过法案的难度升级r%Jmz+nd_9.b8bA8
共和党已经推迟了关于废除及替代奥巴马医保法案的投票W+^yxp8^pEp。推迟决定是上周麦凯恩进行左眼上方血块摘除的手术后由共和党宣布的5taPFWcq3)1su
周三晚间,梅奥诊所和亚利桑那州共和党办公室宣布,确诊麦凯恩罹患脑癌pNk)yQN#PjKe!Wn4*iu
麦凯恩的医生表示,他接下来可能要接受化疗和放疗Gjs0pq%xfoKRrbOI
共和党参议员杰夫·弗莱克(Jeff Flake)也是亚利桑那州代表Fgs5pQxalt。他与麦凯恩通话时发现对方罹患癌症6~(HK8^JNgg
弗莱克在ABC电视台上表示:“通话结束时,我问他今天感觉如何ReO&pN@7f]g!Z。他回答,‘我感觉不错,但是之后可能会做化疗.9dRecz^1(gR#QD!3pE。’我才知晓他患了癌症,就这样他顺嘴提到自己的诊断结果_J2-fwDJS34s-N5P^43s。”
弗莱克还指出,麦凯恩的声音听起来“十分乐观SF]LW0)7x;0g。”
弗莱克表示:“他是硬汉麦凯恩,我们也期望他坚强]7fVJVa_].TJbzZRPq。”

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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