VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国新增1.5万个H-2B签证
日期:2017-07-19 17:04

(单词翻译:单击)

Dc)O*!Pf!,HR%Vy|ma5POqjHJa^]t6^3.Q[^]~aZ

听力文本

PcgAuI(5CrMnna

US Will Add 15,000 Temporary Work Visas
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) will make an additional 15,000 H-2B visas available for American companies to hire low-wage foreign workers.
In a written statement on Monday, DHS Secretary John Kelly called the move a "one-time increase."
President Donald Trump has supported a policy called "Hire American." He wants U.S. companies to hire American workers instead of foreign ones. He has also repeatedly called to limit immigration.
But a DHS spokesperson said without the extra foreign workers, some U.S. businesses could suffer "irreparable harm."
In order to hire foreign workers through the visa program, businesses must show there are not enough U.S. workers "able, willing, qualified, and available" for the jobs.
The H-2B visa
The H-2B visa is a temporary work visa for foreign workers to work in the United States at non-agriculture jobs. The U.S. limits these visas to 66,000 per year. That limit has already been reached for 2017.
According to the State Department, there were 85,000 H-2B visas issued in 2015. This was due to some returning workers being able to receive exemptions from the limit.
Congress, however, did not renew the returnees' exemptions when they expired last fall.
Some U.S. industries, like the tourism industry, depend heavily on seasonal workers. They say they have struggled to hire enough people since the H-2B visa exemptions expired.
To address this problem, Congress recently permitted the Department of Homeland Security to go over the 66,000-visa limit.
The new rules will be published in the General Register later this week. Businesses will then be able to petition for additional visas.
President Donald Trump's business has used the H-2B visa program to staff his private club Mar-a-Lago in Florida. Trump has also used the club to host visiting heads of state several times.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

KK8sxu^ERv6

词汇解析

(_p4*IF%W*D6@6P

1.private club 私人会所

L7EG6ZBy%(J|XPwVsrj

I was swagged out of the door by the guards of the private club.
我被那家私人俱乐部的门卫用力推出了门M0,3rtcINT

uOs.anBB,hMme)

2.go over 复习;超过

Mjw5|oK0uK

Let's go over the draft once again.
我们把这篇稿子再过一遍py,%(yg6oaHY

E^siM=W&3.jj3R4[

3.due to 由于

9A(HVyYzNlNE1T4

Unfortunately, due to unforeseen circumstances, this year's show has been cancelled.
遗憾的是,由于一些意外情况,今年的演出被取消了g%v=Hm;g-@RW

6K#;e@Tm%lpQIJ

4.instead of 代替

cAvmxy8IGY~5OvXh

Instead of snacking on crisps and chocolate, nibble on celery or carrot.
不要把薯片和巧克力当零食来吃,要吃些芹菜和胡萝卜T;Z9Bo,;x~~

内容解析

xqp]@Sgjj7aSomu

1.In order to hire foreign workers through the visa program, businesses must show there are not enough U.S. workers "able, willing, qualified, and available" for the jobs.

cRueO+0VIC7nqF+N

In order to 为了

O2!#L|F*hssu6@y[

In order to ensure success we must have a complete and thorough plan.
为了保证成功,我们必须要有一个周密的计划pED9BDp]9S
In order to transform their environment, he drew up the project with painstaking accuracy.
为了改造环境,他苦心孤诣地制订了这个计划,v@X7fJppSP(N;|PGc-

BfAVmW.~(h]2G3b7

2.Some U.S. industries, like the tourism industry, depend heavily on seasonal workers.

-E_411(T)E.|

tourism industry 旅游业

49(XrxuZ^RN4Ft(v

More than 3,000 local workers are employed in the tourism industry.
3,000余名当地人受雇于旅游业#w7|[~O&@TE-sbD
An international tourist city is the product of both a city and its tourism industry.
国际旅游城市是城市国际化和旅游国际化共同发展的产物

参考译文

3rMAg7b&*^qTlG

美国新增1.5万个H-2B签证
美国国土安全部将为需雇佣低薪外籍工人的美国公司增发1.5万个H-2B签证K6Z_%ML#S^Nn
国土安全部部长约翰·凯利(John Kelly)在周一发布的一份书面声明中称,此次增发签证是“一次性措施,kFDg^|7|!4k。”
特朗普总统一直推行一项“雇佣美国人”政策X_)7U2Gfh)#lSiCSI。他希望美国公司雇佣美国工人而非外籍工人si46NFQ.v031。他也一再呼吁要限制移民数量i0V=lAm@q@(M.
但国土安全部一位发言人表示,如果没有不增加外籍工人,一些美国企业将会遭遇“不可弥补损害P[f.ayU5gp0。”
为了利用该签证计划雇佣外籍工人,企业必须证明没有足够的工人“能够、愿意、有资格并可以被雇佣”从事这些工作*V&*LQJrK0of-

*]+;.dqtK%Io!

美国新增2.5万个H-2B签证.jpg
H-2B签证
H-2B签证是一种为在美从事非农业领域工作的外籍工人而提供的临时工作签证pl@QSUjy77#5!zXx[VM。美国政府每年为H-2B签证设置的上限是6.6万份k8xN),18q~。2017年就已经达到了这一上限~2p)KSv7k7&w3sWkr
据美国国务院介绍,2015年发放了8.5万个H-2B签证oLU.4_fAG%Y1z.xpH。这是为了让一些返美的工人免于受限c_V|g,gum()bixUz
但去年秋季,这项针对返美人员的豁免政策到期后,国会并未加以延长mvm5Jt75H(efaw~q*HDZ
美国旅游业等行业严重依赖于季节性工人1A_mlJ(.q7k%hDGF。她们表示,H-2B签证豁免过期后,他们很难再招到足够的工人cjP9kgypveCd14S3Od
针对这一问题,国会新批准国土安全部突破6.6万名的签证上限SzQxIVt*1o
本周晚些时候,这项新规将在General Register上发布S.SOKP6hcM%=ooU。届时各企业方可申请新增签证c]cBnjGSQO@6dVlXw9J
特朗普总统的企业利用H-2B签证项目为佛罗里达州的马拉歌私人俱乐部聘雇员工brhPrAT3u5BT-gPtC。另外,特朗普首次在该俱乐部接待来访的国家元首nTYW7t7KVuab12RD
乔纳森·埃文斯为您播报G4,*.n+3M_v

sWAyS[EcjSlUJTijOGn

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

LWR36Z[PuAsWyo1HF;@41xiHHHJ=xT((3;S%[0Xw63JgRQzWOc
分享到
重点单词
  • qualifiedadj. 有资格的,有限制的
  • permittedadj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)
  • addressn. 住址,致词,讲话,谈吐,(处理问题的)技巧 vt.
  • draftn. 草稿,草图,汇票,徵兵 vt. 起草,征兵,选秀
  • irreparableadj. 不能修补的,不能挽回的
  • environmentn. 环境,外界
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • temporaryadj. 暂时的,临时的 n. 临时工
  • thoroughadj. 彻底的,完全的,详尽的,精心的
  • renewv. 更新,重新开始