VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):谁付小费更大方?男性还是女性?
日期:2017-07-18 16:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Who Tips More, Men or Women
A new study explores the custom of tipping in the United States.
Many Americans give tips to people who perform a job for them, especially workers in the service industry. They pay a little extra to people cutting their hair, driving them across town or serving them a meal at a restaurant.
The new survey was done for the website CreditCards.com.
Princeton Survey Research Associates questioned over 1,000 individuals. The subjects were asked about how and when they offer tips.
The researchers found that men give bigger tips to restaurant workers than women. It also found people allied with the Republican Party give bigger tips than supporters of the Democratic Party. And people who live in the northern U.S. are more generous with tips than those living in the South.
The survey found that people who earn $50,000 or more a year give bigger tips than those who earn less than $50,000. One likely reason: the wealthier Americans have more money to spend.
The report also said that when getting a haircut, 67 percent always tip the person doing the cutting, while 12 percent never do. In a coffee shop, 29 percent always tip the person preparing their coffee, while 30 percent never do.
And when staying at a hotel, 27 percent always tip the housekeeping crew and 31 percent never do.
Michael Lynn is a professor of consumer behavior and marketing at the Cornell University School of Hotel Administration in New York. In other words, he knows a lot about the issue of tipping.
In earlier surveys, Lynn said, he found mixed results on the generosity of men and women when it comes to tipping. In some studies, men gave bigger tips than women. In others, women gave more money.
Lynn's own research found that men give bigger tips when the restaurant server is a woman and women give more when the server is a man.
Lynn said that in any survey dealing with human generosity, people can say they give more than they really do. There is no way of finding out if people answering a researcher's questions are telling the truth.
Creditcards.com spoke to one server at a restaurant in Virginia. She said, "All of the really big tips I've gotten have been from men, and some of the really bad ones have been from groups of women. I think sometimes men tip more because they're trying to impress someone."
Tipping is important to service workers
Tips are very important to service employees. People who work at restaurants often get most of their earnings from tips.
Nationwide, Americans generally tip between 15 to 20 percent at restaurants and leave from $2 to $10 a day for the people who clean their hotel rooms. Tips of 15 percent are also common for people who drive taxis.
Tipping differs across the world
In 2015, Conde Nast Traveler magazine published a report on tipping around the world. Here are some of its findings about restaurants:
In Nigeria, a 10 percent tip is enough if a service charge has not already been added to the cost of a restaurant meal. In Brazil, no tip is required because a 10 percent service charge is generally added on restaurant bills.
In Cambodia, add $1 US dollar for the server. In Indonesia, a 10 percent tip is added to the bill. But diners often leave a little extra money.
In Vietnam, a service charge is not usually added to the restaurant bill. If that's the case, you should add a 10 percent tip, and more if you use a credit card.
But here is something to keep in mind. If you are able to give the person serving you a tip or a bigger one than what is expected, your generosity will be welcome. Many service workers do not make much money, and even an extra dollar or two can make a difference in their lives.
I'm Bruce Alpert.

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词汇解析

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1.service industry 服务行业

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The city's service industry is lagging behind.
该市的服务业发展滞后0Eok45AJtoQ!yx+

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2.credit card 信用卡

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You can pay by credit card.
你可以用信用卡付账3F(9c3QEltqStnDGA

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3.In other words 换言之

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In other words, we have to build different corporate cultures and ways of working.
换句话说,我们必须建立不同的企业文化和运作方式ntAXy=u7Qn%8yn

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4.dealing with 处理;应付

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We came up against a great deal of resistance in dealing with the case.
办这个案子的过程中,我们遇到了很多阻力r~dK7kU*yHxCPL

内容解析

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1.But here is something to keep in mind.

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keep in mind 记住

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Keep in mind you're going to be fighting lots of men who hit plenty hard.
记住你要和许多出拳非常凶狠的人交手rLzX_&eRDu~B7Kg5K
I hope he grew up, also keep in mind: Our ancestors are Chinese.
我希望他长大了,也能记住:我们的祖宗是中国人4BiQK.scCR5MNQ

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2.Many service workers do not make much money, and even an extra dollar or two can make a difference in their lives.

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make a difference 有影响;有关系

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You can make a difference with the looks of your eyes.
你可以让你的眼睛看起来不一样KJbkeOhvo*
There's nothing I can say or do that's gonna make a difference here.
我在这说什么做什么都不会有任何改变了0y#J[_@.rp

参考译文

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谁付小费更大方?男性还是女性?
一项新研究探索了美国付小费的习俗s8#X)_79.7
很多美国人给那些为他们工作的人提供小费,尤其是服务行业的工作人员1^7eU46fiqN)@q5]Me+t。他们会付一些额外费用给理发师、出租车司机和餐厅服务员RWXw,LQThoM
该调查是为CreditCards.com网站而进行的w@=sB@D#%.#@!3%O&
普林斯顿调查研究协会对1000多人进行了调查WpT0CcnzE=T@u][HhO。调查的对象被问到如何及何时支付小费9@,HHYzl6eGgr-00D
研究人员发现,男性提供给餐厅服务员的小费比女性多eCMFKT-xVXlvH_&)V。调查还发现,共和党支持者比民主党支持者付的小费多,美国北方居民给的小费比南方居民慷慨i[v1SRG_6l8JnpdS;eh
该调查还发现,年收入高于5万美元的人比年收入低于5万美元的人付的小费更多v,G~WHbb8SBY[7。一种可能的原因是:比较富裕的美国人手头更充裕fR9r15M%Fmluv

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小费文化.jpg
该报告还指出,67%的人理发时都会给理发师小费,而有12%的人却从来不给WO;9DsiwuLrl。29%的人总是会给咖啡店的服务生小费,而有30%的人从来不给kl7*5&9Fk=fC
27%的人住宾馆时总是会给客房服务员小费,但是有31%的人从来不给tDXLJ]-GupFX@Nl-u2*O
迈克尔·林恩(Michael Lynn)是纽约康奈尔大学酒店管理学院消费者行为和市场营销学教授frm_u14Ld72。换言之,他对付小费十分了解i16FerUIF!WExk
林恩表示,他从先前的调查中发现,需要付小费时,男性和女性所表现出的慷慨不尽相同,q)Qnrt@oa-6dA。一些研究发现,男性比女性给的小费多^|7MV;05-mDd_。而另外一些研究则暗示,女性给的小费比男性多R1d)v(_lCxzZnYdumO
林恩的研究发现,在餐厅遇到女性服务员时,男性通常会给更多小费,而当服务员为男性时,女性会给更多小费4+9&0I_0pp
林恩表示,在有关人类慷慨度的调查中,人们都会夸大他们真正给的小费AO.[zNYHK[mO5;53X。目前无法证实受访者的话是否属实SjuX+quC3r9or
Creditcards.com网站采访了弗吉尼亚州的一位餐厅服务员;e&[CSeXmxkZJH-NU。她说:“我收到的所有数额较大的小费都来自于男性顾客,而其中一些金额较小的小费都来自女性顾客A|P=FeY1.C!Zg。我认为,有时候男顾客给更多小费是想给人留下好印象SfvQLB@CiDRl&。”
付小费对服务人员很重要
小费对服务行业人员非常重要VvFFfmMJw@]6J790%cmY。小费是餐厅服务员的主要收入来源E5k]-deJl(JwBc2l
在全国范围内,通常美国人会在餐厅付15%到20%的小费,每天为打扫酒店房间的客房人员留2到10美元的小费,打车时为出租车司机支付15%的小费也屡见不鲜9nMwsATM2~t+3
付小费因地各异
2015年,《康德纳斯旅者》杂志发布了一份关于全球各地付小费情况的报道mvkmeBq;~EOWt。以下是该杂志关于餐厅的一些发现:
在尼日利亚,如果就餐费用中没有包含服务费,那么只需要付10%的小费就够了cM*_2%uw0p。在巴西,就餐账单通常已经包含10%的服务费,所以无需付小费8I=rxW&-=J
在柬埔寨,需要向服务员另付1美元IHGX_u9PhNIq*CkU。在印尼,账单上已经包含了10%的小费uZjkpU%DMRN[C。而消费者通常会额外提供小费qe@5~v,ty*R+X,
在越南,服务费通常不在就餐费用之列Wuh4riESGA&。这时,你应该另付10%的小费,用信用卡买单要付更多的小费Tql)cnM2@Ys2D8A]
但是有些事你需要牢记于心,如果你能给为你服务的人员小费,或是付的小费超出了他们的预期,那么你的慷慨将受到欢迎XZOtlkmFR(fb^X。很多服务人员的薪水微薄,甚至一两美元的额外小费都能改善他们的生活ea=ZttHf0~~[KLBiLR
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卢齐娅·米隆尼格为您播报LtFk4y-rvOYYQRT

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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