VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):变废为宝 酒糟变身生物燃料
日期:2017-07-15 21:20

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Whisky has grown popular around the world in the last 10 years. New distilleries are opening, and old distilleries are trying to produce more whisky.
But as people make more whisky, they are also making more whisky waste – huge amounts of leftover grain and liquid.

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Distillers do not have many options for what to do with this material. Some give it away to farms to feed animals.
Others pay over $300,000 per year to dispose of it.
And now, a company in Edinburgh, Scotland called Celtic Renewables is trying to make fuel with it.
To understand whisky waste, you have to understand how whisky is made.
First, distillers take barley, corn or rye and turn the grain into mash. Then they combine the mixture with yeast. The yeast causes fermentation and creates alcohol.
Distillers heat the mash, create steam and then cool it down quickly. Alcohol vapor turns into liquid, ages, and eventually becomes whisky.
The used grain and water remain. In Scotland, the leftovers are called "draff" and "pot ale."
In 2015, Celtic Renewables received money from the Scottish government for their idea to turn draff and pot ale into fuel. The money has allowed the company to create a factory able to produce 500,000 liters of biofuel each year.
The company hopes to open the factory next year.
Martin Tangney is the president of Celtic Renewables. He thinks Scotland alone has enough raw materials from the whisky industry to produce 50 million liters of biofuel right away.
Tangney recently drove a car powered by his company's fuel around a university in Scotland.
It's quite fitting to use a Ford for this historic drive as the original Model-T Ford ran on biofuel, and the fermentation that we've developed to put the fuel in this car is a hundred years old, proven at large scale.
The goal is not to replace gasoline completely. It is to reduce gasoline consumption and figure out what to do with the leftover material from distilling whisky.
Tangney said his product can make up to 15 percent of commercial gasoline without drivers having to modify their engines.
The whisky industry will now have a sustainable and reliable way of disposing of their residue, Tangney said. Plus we'll create a brand new industry out of something that has no value whatsoever.
I'm Dan Friedell.

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词汇解析

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1.yeast n.酵母

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Flour, milk, butter and yeast are some ingredients in bread.
面粉、牛奶、黄油和酵母是做面包的一些原料GNTS084DahGuTwc1#YpV

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2.fermentation n.酵母

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But thrumming underneath it is a deep layer of culinary funkreminiscent of fermentation.
但敲打底部是深一层的使人想起的厨房的恐怖的发酵v]psX!N,t1m~9.,EZrHA

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3.reliable adj.可靠的

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We account him (to be) reliable.
我们认为他可靠zU2VDXrJb8h2xytS-jo2

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4.residue n.残余物

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Rinse off any soap residue.

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冲净残留的肥皂H*Y)RN%YHieV*

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内容解析

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1.New distilleries are opening, and old distilleries are trying to produce more whisky.

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try to do sth 努力做某事,试图做某事

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They try to laugh along with other people for health purposes.
他们会为健康的目的而试着与其它人一起笑nlbUfLr(Wa@6
But still, we try to do what is best, what is good --not only for ourselves…but for those we love.
但是,我们仍然努力做最好的,最棒的,不仅是为了我们自己,而是为了我们爱的人!rV|tE)EN7E

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2.Some give it away to farms to feed animals.

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give sth away 分发,交给,赠送

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He was giving his collection away for free.
他正在无偿捐赠他的收藏kOrXz!Y8;5Ws%
Why do you think it is so hard for people to give away control?
为什么你认为对人们来说,放弃控制权是很困难的事呢?

参考译文

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过去10年来,威士忌风靡全球|Eh0N;@TbHb。新的酿酒厂遍地开花,而旧的酿酒厂也在努力酿造更多威士忌A~lqmoh8bS
但随着威士忌产量的提高,由此造成的浪费情况也愈发严重——大量的粮食残渣和液体残留物64=tx#a@-PncmMK
酿酒厂对于怎么处理这种物料也是束手无策SO29dWtT75Li。有的酿酒厂将废料交给农场,喂食动物JIJ;PKFq)3jV.-
其他酿酒厂选择每年花费30多万美元来处理这些废料ohQivbP=9uEDW,|ea
而现在,苏格兰爱丁堡有一家公司名为凯尔特可再生能源,现正在尝试用酿酒的废料来做燃料m6v4OW6s;Vcje~udpHK!
要理解威士忌废料是什么,首先要理解威士忌的酿造流程OfO~9llch5Bhm)
首先,酿酒厂购置大麦、玉米或黑麦,将他们捣碎ON5jlBQIS!^Ub^NMAv+。然后,将捣碎的混合物与酵母融合在一起fWv9~@7y8eRR。酵母会开始发酵,并产出酒精6[3PMec=mb
酿酒厂将捣碎的物料加热,热出蒸汽后,将其快速冷却5CIWK~|wgnzYmOo=。酒精蒸汽会液化为液体和糖基化终产物,最终形成威士忌JN7kll!f,y

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但用过的粮食和水分依然残留着Ea.5zS7nNL02Q。苏格兰人将这种残留物称作“残渣”和“酒糟”vBaX+KX1k!EQ03Ek
2015年,凯尔特可再生能源公司收到了苏格兰政府的奖励金,因为他们想出了将残渣和酒糟变成燃料的点子tSEe23vKDn_tvYa]L。这笔资金让该公司得以创建一家工厂,该工厂每年可生产50公升的生物燃料vrw1(!B||C+D&=MX
该公司希望明年这家工厂能正式开业R#1t3Gjb^vajlz.e85
马丁(Martin Tangney)是凯尔特可再生能源公司的董事长m2&WgI5E=*s[。他认为,苏格兰自己的威士忌行业就有足够的原材料来生产5000万公升的生物燃料Ip=aaO,+!w[2Avv|[V
最近,马丁用自己公司生产的燃料驱车在苏格兰的某大学附近溜达cESZUVPnJR4gp
看到福特T型车这个曾创造过辉煌的车型用生物燃料做动力是再惬意不过的事情,而该车所采用燃料的发酵技术也有100年的历史了,现在依然在大规模使用中|&,f6;fTuAs
目标并不是完全替代汽油,而是减少汽油的消耗量,并找到威士忌酒酿造残留物料的处理办法(^&J2pgrZ|
马丁表示,他们的产品可能让多达15%不带驱动器的商业汽油车型不得不更改发动机构造Ap3Aq7T@&V43gcHd0~U)
马丁表示,威士忌行业现在将会通过可持续的可靠方式来处理残余物mkkaj(]u)a|Arm。此外,我们还将从以前毫无价值的根基上创造出一个崭新的行业B+hYk2ta%i-
Dan Friedell为您播报新闻*J)4q8H)!9|F5

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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