VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美2200万人或将失保 新医改前途未卜
日期:2017-06-28 16:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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22 Million Americans Could Lose Health Insurance Under Senate Bill
The Congressional Budget Office says the number of uninsured people in the United States would rise to 22 million within the next ten years under the Senate health care bill.
The Senate's bill would replace the Affordable Care Act, a law that former President Barack Obama supported. The Affordable Care Act is often called Obamacare. Republicans have spent about seven years attempting to cancel Obamacare.
The CBO said in a study released Monday that the Senate bill would decrease the federal budget deficit by $321 billion by 2026.
This is the second health care bill to be considered in Congress. Both the House and the Senate have different health care bills. In order for a bill to become law, it needs to pass both the House and the Senate and be signed by the president.
Senate leaders plan to vote after the July 4th holiday on their version of the bill. Currently, Americans are required to buy health insurance or pay a fine if they do not. The Senate's bill would end that requirement.
In addition, the bill would end subsidies meant to help lower-income people buy insurance. It would also decrease some taxes on higher-income people. And it would cut billions of dollars of government funding for the health care program for poor and disabled people over the next few years.
Opposition to the bill
To pass a bill in the Senate, a majority of senators must vote for the bill. If there is a tie, the vice president can vote to break the tie. Currently Republicans hold 52 of the 100 seats in the Senate. All 46 Senate Democrats are expected to vote against the bill. In order for the bill to pass, Republicans can risk losing only two of their senators.
A group of Republican senators has already said they will not vote for the bill in its current form.
When Obamacare became law in 2010, it passed without any Republican votes. Since the 2016 elections, Republicans gained control of the presidency, the House and the Senate. A change to Obamacare could be possible now.
About 20 million people have received insurance with Obamacare. Many of those people are covered under the government's Medicaid program for the poor and disabled.
The two bills to change Obamacare propose to cut about $800 billion in federal funds for Medicaid over the next few years. President Donald Trump had stated during his campaign for office that he would not cut Medicaid funding.
Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer told ABC that he hopes that Republicans will talk with Democrats and work together on a solution to make Obamacare better.
I'm Mario Ritter.
And I'm Olivia Liu.

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词汇解析

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1.health care 医疗卫生

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He's already solicited their support on health care reform.
他已就医疗改革问题请求他们的支持Ap*&KqCEjskWZfjr

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2.work together 共同合作

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They live and work together in complete equality and brotherhood.
他们完全平等和兄弟般地在一起生活和工作Z]1@btvtGPQ~TlMNm

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3.vote against 投票反对

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He would vote against it on principle.
他会根据原则投反对票nFKVKbM7wVY6JXAG

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4.In addition 另外

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You need money and time; in addition, you need diligence.
你需要钱和时间,此外还需要努力EntWU#tA%QWq=

内容解析

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1.Currently, Americans are required to buy health insurance or pay a fine if they do not.

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pay a fine 交罚款

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The judge condemned him to pay a fine.
法官对他作了罚款的判决c~k^Om*0;cO(X
One must pay a fine for overdue library books.
在图书馆借书逾期不还要罚款x_L09jo6s_eA4Ple

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2.To pass a bill in the Senate, a majority of senators must vote for the bill.

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a majority of 大多数的

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Members of parliament approved the move by a majority of ninety-nine.
议员以99张的多数票批准了这项动议9!ctQ][[LhvJRe!).
Another minister clung on with a majority of only 18.
另一位部长仅以18票的微弱优势保住了职位Ow_Ufqbx^iQhG&SU)^

参考译文

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2200万人或将失保 美国新医改前途未卜
美国国会预算办公室(CBO)表示,若参议院医改通过,那么未来十年内美国失去医保人数将增至2200万[SW_k1|.4Jf%=
参议院医保法案将取代前总统奥巴马支持的《平价医疗法案》,该法案还被称为“奥巴马医改”K1U)F6LkGyE!Bmq。7年来,共和党人一直试图废除该法案3]H]QqTFWJMtm@a=g29
国会预算办公室在周一公布的研究中表示,参议院版医保法案到2026年将减少3210亿美元的预算赤字UIv,DIWxzDmS!pF-|rk*
这是国会审议的第二版的医保法案~YP1OCZofw。参议院和众议院分别提出不同的医保法案MWP~8ra]J0nk。该法案必须在两院都获得通过并经总统签字才可成为法律f7b@W(KW*8[b

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2200万人或将失保.jpeg
参议院领袖计划在7月4日国会休会前对新医疗法案投票表决oekKUP%1p[Y_。目前,美国人必须购买医保,否则会面临罚款YHokd6|i_hHMXX%)R。参议院的法案将废除这一要求194),~4)0Ldeb
此外,该法案将终止旨在帮助低收入群体购买保险的补贴,还会降低针对高收入群体的税收E.yiFj*HRf0R_Mz;Dau。未来几年,该法案还会削减政府为穷人、残疾人提供的约数十亿美元的医保资金Vu35ze2X|PX=YBd
反对者众
若在参议院通过一项法案须获得多数参议员的投票)e&m*N8yihm;;4。如果票数相当,副总统可参与投票打破平局o1w8SZ7.gcT。目前,在参议院100个席位中,共和党占有52个席位^6tEjyWWu;i。预计剩下的46位民主党参议员将投票反对该法案As[V5YBHyv-sr1。想要通过这项法案,共和党可能只会损失两票LOdqI2a3Rd%63wJZdw
而一些共和党参议员也表示,他们不会投票支持新版的医保法案p^8zQ%1!BZCjCN
2010年,“奥巴马医改”在没有“共和党”议员投票支持的情况下获批成为法律=.3XLWc]j]aMc!_agN。自2016年大选以来,共和党掌控参众两院O~#TnQ!10GcfH|Eu。“奥巴马医改”或朝不保夕aK#lCh0^r#sR]oN@y3
约2000万人通过奥巴马医保法案获得了保险U;cR2=#V2h。其中多数人是通过政府为穷人和残疾人提供的“医疗补助计划”获得医保dXGPUmYE+S
即将取代奥巴马医保法案的两版法案建议:未来几年将“医疗补助计划”的联邦资金削减约8000亿美元iI9npyBcsi!qj|HQl。特朗普总统在竞选期间曾表示,他不会削减医疗补助资金Bln~UE(f6)Mgo|t!^U;
参议院民主党领袖查克·舒默(Chuck Schumer)对美国广播公司(ABC)表示,他希望共和党人能够与民主党人协商共谋,改进奥巴马医保法案9ZSRoY82U!qF
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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