VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):宜家设计师为获灵感 闭关火星研究站
日期:2017-06-24 20:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Ikea is known for designing furniture that people can put together themselves. Recently, a team from the Swedish company spent time inside a Mars research center to get new design ideas.
For three days, five Ikea designers lived inside the Mars Desert Research Station in the U.S. state of Utah. The center is operated by the Mars Society. It simulates a Mars environment for humans taking part in experiments and training.
Real astronauts have spent long periods of time inside the research center to prepare for space flights.
It's a crazy, fun experience, said Ikea Creative Leader Michael Nikolic, who took part in the project. We're basically completely isolated for three days to get a taste of what astronauts go through for three years.
The team spent most of its time inside the Mars habitat – a round, two-story building just eight meters in diameter. The habitat contains a laboratory for doing experiments, as well as separate areas for eating, sleeping and other activities.
The habitat attempts to create an environment similar to conditions astronauts would experience during a real Mars mission. It also prepares future space travelers for living in very small areas with limited supplies.
Some people - including SpaceX founder Elon Musk – have talked about setting up a human colony on Mars in the future.
The Ikea researchers received NASA training before heading to the research center. Their guide during the habitat visit was space architect Constance Adams.
She said the experience was meant to show the team how conditions in space affect the whole design process. For example, air is very limited in space and must be reused for many months, even years. This means all living materials have to be designed with this in mind.
Another consideration is the huge cost of space transportation. Adams said it would currently cost about $2 million to transport just one kilo of mass to the surface of Mars.
This makes it impractical for Ikea to send materials to Mars, unless the cost can greatly be reduced. But the company says by looking to space, it hopes to come up with better design ideas for people on earth.
Marcus Engman is Ikea's Head of Design.
My dream outcome would be to solve the biggest problem on earth. I guess it's the same problem in space - and that is the thing about storage. How could you make storage in a completely new way?
He said putting the designers in such a different and demanding environment forces them to think much more creatively.
Then, from out of that, we get solutions that I think will work on earth better than anything.
The Ikea designers are also working with people from NASA and students from Sweden's Lund University to create a space-inspired furniture collection to launch in 2019.
And who knows, Ikea might even make it to Mars someday. If so, the company's popular products could be discovered by new life forms we don't even yet know about.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.furniture n.家具
He dusted down the furniture.
他掸掉家具上的灰尘dT9TThHI%;Is%~Nx

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2.simulate vt.模拟

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If you attempt to simulate this process with 10 total tokens for each input, the simulation appears to work.
如果尝试对每个输入总共使用 10 个令牌来模拟此流程,模拟似乎可以工作%Wq#agz6QL!V

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3.isolate vt.隔绝,隔离

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We know how to isolate poultry.
我们知道如何隔离家禽|DEf_ZFfji4sGa

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4.habitat n.栖息地

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Many species are in peril of extinction because of our destruction of their natural habitat.
许多物种由于我们破坏了它们的自然环境, 现在正面临灭绝的危险lT%xU*9m*NiuMK

内容解析

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1.Ikea is known for designing furniture that people can put together themselves.

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be known for... 以……闻名

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This place is known for beautiful scenery.

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这个地方以美丽的风景闻名3_*m].j.xczdu!
China is known for its profound culture.

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中国以其博大精深的文化而闻名KU%KZ[~+GN)Tr

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2.It simulates a Mars environment for humans taking part in experiments and training.

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take part in 参加,参与

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When you take part in any performance, you get out as much as you put in.
你参加任何活动,你投入多少力量就会得到多少收获qkRpaKh-VHzOQYV4@

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Management should take part in the retrospectives I discussed in Part 1 of this series.
管理人员应该参与我在这个系列的 第 1 部分讨论的回顾+d,^_)X0m[575G;L

参考译文

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宜家以设计组装类家具而闻名于世EGdAy6XBb&&8K5G#e3|_。最近,这家瑞典公司的一个团队跑到火星研究中心里面,想获得新的设计灵感y0C5+ELy~3apaU1D3o]
整整3天的时间,5名宜家设计师住在犹他州的火星沙漠研究站里NzB!x]m(&LiG*gQ@RP。这个研究站由火星协会运营uaNzmUk)ERl;dAj)W(;!。这里模仿了火星的环境,用于人类进行试验和培训-pm|e0VJ6ir
而真正的宇航员也会在这个研究中心里待上很长时间,为太空飞行做准备P^HTK,)afdoMF2o@
这想法很大胆,但很有趣,宜家创意负责人迈克尔 尼科利茨如是说到,他本人也参加了这次的项目IdOH~tCVf.OT8EO2。整整3天的时间,我们基本上完全与世隔绝,就是为了体验一下宇航员长达3年感受DL#3@r35-jPMMO#-W&
大多数时间,这个团队都待在这个火星的小环境里——这里是一座圆形的二层小楼,直径只有8米QWP+kl1O1ofd.X(。这里有一个实验室用于做实验,也有用于吃饭、睡觉和进行其他活动的分离区NotWJo2m~H

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这里就是想创造一种类似于宇航员在真实的火星任务中会体验到的那种环境4.71qRBqARP。这里还可以让未来的宇航员提前感受身置于狭小空间里带着有限生活供给品的感受U&Dx0TcaU+;W|@kR
一些人——包括太空探索技术公司(SpaceX)创始人埃伦(Elon Musk)——都曾讨论过未来在火星上建造人类生活区的想法w#L+brdgGOW5pS^t
这些宜家的研究人员在进入该研究中心前都接受过美国宇航局(NASA)的培训TO5A4^VinfNy4N。他们参观该中心时的向导是太空设计师康斯坦茨 亚当斯(Constance Adams)u,xhm|a=3biUS
她表示,这种体验是为了向宜家团队展示,太空环境会如何影响整个设计流程hXVxBtE6aY^R(。比如,太空里空气稀缺,必须重复使用数月甚至数年Rrd|OKy&(*C4,(MBR。这就意味着,在设计所有生活用品时都要谨记这一点[MMa^GJr302t8whguL6|
另一件需要考虑的事情就是太空运输的高额成本[[nJPgG@N@s!t5g+g。亚当斯表示,现在,要将一千克东西运到火星表面就需要将近200万的成本qn#dMG3u96=XAyN(.JE
所以,宜家要给火星运东西就很不实际了,除非成本能够大幅降低#0I8TN09(ijg=AxQ。但宜家表示,他们之所以关注火星,是想要为地球上的人们想出更好的设计创意68]-*CNluw&4w9=
马库斯(Marcus Engman)是宜家的设计总监a^0F[NZoEN]F
我的梦想就是解决地球上最大的问题i(5=h0|0iXGx%v;@Jor。我想,这个问题在火星上也存在——那就是存储的问题f-*[j5K~A!WIflgOh。怎样别出心裁地存储呢?
他表示,让设计人员身置于这样有别于寻常并且条件苛刻的环境会迫使他们更加有效地思考[5+fjUKPUiPJA(Ef6T4
然后,从那里跳脱出来,我们就能得到一些解决方案,我认为这些解决方案将是最适用于地球情况的方案Rt3iVB]q~(3
这群宜家的设计人员也在与美国宇航局以及瑞典隆德大学的学生们合作,想要创造由太空环境激发所创造出的家具,计划于2019年发射#O|7sTHhG,WY*0@2
没准哪天宜家真的会将家具带上火星0Y7z)^d.lLJDX!ciGsJT。如果真是这样的话,宜家备受欢迎的产品可能会被我们闻所未闻的新的生命形态发现Yoga_&X9k9^
Bryan Lynn为您播报V5Ugy2HwdD.HX25p%!,

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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