Trump Announces Cuba Policy Changes
President Donald Trump is changing measures that were set up to ease ties between the United States and Cuba.
The measures have been part of U.S. government policy since Barack Obama was president.
Trump announced the changes Friday during a visit to the Little Havana neighborhood of Miami, Florida.
The president said, the Obama administration's easing of restrictions on travel and trade has not helped the Cuban people.
"Effective immediately, I am cancelling the last administration's completely one-sided deal with Cuba," Trump said.
He said the changes are aimed at cutting support for Cuba's military and government. He called for a policy of "principled realism" toward the island country – one that does not reward its leaders.
Trump called for a "free Cuba" and strongly criticized the government. He accused it of shipping arms to North Korea and supporting unrest in Venezuela.
Trump also urged the government to release political prisoners, permit economic freedoms, and hold elections.
Yet diplomatic ties between the countries are not changing.
The president said "The embassy remains open in the hope that our countries can forge a better path."
He added, "The American people are rejecting the Cuban people's oppressors."
Trump is barring Americans from doing business with the island's GAESA business conglomerate, which is linked to the Cuban military. The conglomerate is estimated to control more than half of the country's economy.
The action will limit the flow of money from the United States to Cuba.
Also, the existing ban on travel by individual U.S. citizens to Cuba will be enforced. That means "ending individual people-to-people travel." Instead, Americans traveling to the island will have to be part of a group.
Supporters of the Obama policy on Cuba say the new restrictions will have a bad effect.
Brett Bruen worked in the Obama administration to change U.S. policy toward Cuba. He said the actions proposed by the Trump administration will set back relations with Cuba and other Latin American countries.
Bruen said, "Returning to the days of barriers and blockades will hurt American foreign policy, it will hurt American companies."
However, the Trump administration said new rules will not affect other measures designed to increase trade with the island nation.
Officials said new rules will not "disrupt the existing business that has occurred." This is meant to avoid hurting Americans who have made recent investments in Cuba.
Also, the new rules will not target popular Cuban goods such as rum and cigars.
During the speech, the president told the crowd that he was keeping the promise he made during the campaign to punish Cuba for human rights abuses.
The United States ordered a trade embargo on Cuba in 1960 two years after the Communist revolutionary Fidel Castro ousted leader Fulgencio Batista.
The embargo failed to remove Castro, or his brother Raul, from power.
Obama re-established diplomatic relations with Cuba in 2015.
President Trump has not called for a return to a policy known as "wet-foot, dry-foot," which Obama ended in January before leaving office.
Under this policy, Cubans fleeing the island were permitted to stay in the United States if they reached U.S. soil. But if they were found at sea, they were returned to Cuba.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.set up to 为...建立
After the war, a convention was set up to frame a constitution.
2.Policy Changes 政策变化
The government can't rest on its laurels and must press ahead with major policy changes.
3.human rights 侵犯人权
In the treaty both sides pledge to respect human rights.
4.diplomatic relations 外交关系
Singapore and South Africa have established diplomatic relations.
1.Trump also urged the government to release political prisoners, permit economic freedoms, and hold elections.
hold elections 举行选举
He had promised he would hold elections in june.
The military intends to hand over power to a caretaker government and hold elections within six months.
2.President Trump has not called for a return to a policy known as "wet-foot, dry-foot," which Obama ended in January before leaving office.
leaving office 离职
Since leaving office I have visited many times.
Since leaving office, Carter has come to see me twice.
他说，这些变动是为了削减对古巴军方和政府的支持 。他呼吁对这该国采取“有原则的现实主义”对外政策，即不奖励该国领导人 。
特朗普呼吁“自由古巴”并强烈批评古巴政府 。他指责古巴向朝鲜输送武器，并支持委内瑞拉动乱 。
特朗普禁止美国人与古巴GAESA商业集团做生意，该集团与古巴军方有关 。据称，该集团掌控着古巴一多半的经济命脉 。
此外，禁止美国公民前往古巴旅行的现行规定将被执行 。这标志着“个人旅行的终结 。”去古巴旅行的美国人必须组团前往 。
布雷特·布鲁恩（Brett Bruen）在奥巴马政府负责调整对古巴政策 。他说，特朗普政府提出的举措将会导致美国与古巴等拉美国家的关系“倒退” 。
有关官员表示，新规定“不会妨碍已经进行的现有业务 。”也就是说，不会对近期在古巴投资的美国商人造成伤害 。
1960年，美国下令对古巴实行贸易禁运，这是在共产主义革命者菲德尔·卡斯特罗（Fidel Castro）推翻弗兰根乔·巴蒂斯塔（Fulgencio Batista）政府两年后发生的 。
根据这项政策，古巴偷渡者如果踏上美国领土可以获准留在美国 。但如果在海上被发现就会被遣返 。