VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):津巴布韦农民靠养蜂致富
日期:2017-06-17 04:36

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The forests in eastern Zimbabwe supply the country with wood and most of its fresh fruit.
But the removal of large numbers of trees and use of fire to clear land have caused a lot of damage to the area.
Officials say Zimbabwe lost more than 1.5 million hectares of forest in 2016. This is mostly because of local communities cutting the trees for firewood or setting fires in forested areas to make hunting easier.
But now a non-profit group, called Environment Africa, is trying to improve the situation.
Environment Africa is teaching farmers to raise bees. The group is working in the Mutasa district, near the country's border with Mozambique. And it has already helped about 1,500 farmers.
Benjamin Chatambura is one such farmer. He has set up about 250 beehives near his home. The insects live on structures called apiaries.
Chatambura sells the honey the bees produce and uses the money to feed his family. He likes having bees on his land because the insects help him and the forest.
The trees provide us with flowers, he says. That is the food for the bees to produce the honey. If there were a way, I would like more land to plant more different types of trees. We used to have serious problems before we were trained in the importance of the forest.
Lawrence Nyagwande is with Environment Africa. He says some farmers are earning as much as $1,000 a month from selling honey. The average government worker in Zimbabwe earns just about $500 a month.
Nyagwande said beekeeping is helping improve the country's forests.
Now if you look around, the forest in Mutasa are now improving because the communities are also collaborating with the adjacent timber industries to try and fight the forest fires. And at the same time, the plantations which are adjacent, have also allowed communities to also put their hives in their plantations as a way of trying to keep out forest fires.
Support for this project has helped bring attention to protecting the environment, and caught the attention of the government.
Violet Makoto represents Zimbabwe's Forestry Commission, a government agency that works to protect forests. She says the commission hopes local community leaders will take up beekeeping. She said officials also want to end the use of fire to clear land.
That can get us into a stage where we've totally eliminated the issue of field fires, because this has been responsible for the greater loss of the forests that we have been registering over the years.
Sustainable forest management does not only help the beekeepers. Officials say it protects the health of the timber industry and the businesses it supplies.
I'm Jill Robbins.

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词汇解析

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1.removal n.移动,去除

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What they expected to be the removal of a small lump turned out to be major surgery.
他们本以为只是切除一个小肿块,结果却成了个大手术VB;l+@[w0KWyKM=Tp]

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2.beehive n.蜂房,蜂箱

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If they wanted to eat something sweet, they had to locate a beehive, smoke out the bees and retrieve the honey, often by climbing up a tree or chopping it down.
如果他们想吃某些甜东西,就必须找到一个蜂箱,用烟把蜜蜂熏出来,取出蜂蜜,往往还要爬上树或把蜂窝砍下来|lpem8padpCZH

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3.adjacent adj.相邻的,临近的

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He sat in an adjacent room and waited.
他坐在一间相邻的房间里等X-3N-z08NF

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4.beekeeping n.养蜂,养蜂业

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Part of the garden was railed out for beekeeping.
花园的一部分被圈出来养蜂3W8C]8i%,BASEY~1,

内容解析

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1.He has set up about 250 beehives near his home.

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set up 成立,设立

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The two sides agreed to set up a commission to investigate claims.
双方同意成立一个委员会,调查索赔问题%8!|.NGu5OU=;D

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Grandfather set them up in a printing business.
祖父资助他们开办了一家印刷公司KNF!t.@0,T%VH|ju~KI

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2. ... because the communities are also collaborating with the adjacent timber industries to try and fight the forest fires.

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collaborate with... 与……合作

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Will you collaborate with me to finish the project?
你会和我合作完成这个项目吗?

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I collaborate with my girlfriend for the story who lives across the world.
我和我的女朋友合作写这个故事,而她在世界的另一边yM;,B3r*21c-~[^8Jr7t

参考译文

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津巴布韦东部的森林为这个国家供给着木材和大部分新鲜水果SOohw1isy[
但用焚火来开垦土地的方式对该地区造成了巨大的伤害IRG6bRN!x8M]LtskTzlf
工作人员表示,2016年,津巴布韦损失了150多万公顷的森林h*aAq[9%&1e_T3S。这主要是因为当地社群为了获取柴火而砍树,或者在森林焚火来方便打猎mT,)i8g-G|
但现在有一个名为“非洲环境”非盈利组织正在试图改变这种情况_7s[Uejs6D*rxnXGmUXw
该组织教农民养蜂jWkr+p6z&wdKHYC(。该组织在穆塔萨区工作,该地区在津巴布韦与莫桑比克边境的附近vt6em34nY9HifX。目前为止,该组织已经帮助了近1500位农民|!P&kqFn*rcaNi!~
本杰明就是这样一位受到帮助的农民#[Lh=7ovTpYuA*S*&DO。本杰明在自己家附近设立了近250个蜂房Qny0rAjR4x%G_]]|5d。蜜蜂的栖息地就叫蜂房d5&0X_~au~x4Qb
本杰明将蜜蜂产的蜂蜜卖掉,用这笔钱来养家糊口ui))SJ#Y0k3SEnhZegoP。他喜欢这片土地上蜜蜂的存在,因为蜜蜂帮助了他,也帮助了森林Axk]1srRDa

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树木给我们带来了花朵,本杰明说s%sHuVH|x0yY,Ox5jdZ=。这是蜜蜂赖以用来产蜜的食材gd)GolAbDqniF3#B5S.9。如果可能的话,我希望可以在更多的土地上种植不同种类的树木h-0]59ZWRmW。在我们参加培训并了解到森林的重要性以前,我们存在很多问题^=j!0frs%-G2
劳伦斯是“非洲环境”的一名工作人员sf64MlxAt^N。劳伦斯表示,一些农民光靠卖蜂蜜,每个月就能赚到1000美元WJJcB1dyO|4xrlrbKw4Y。而津巴布韦一名普通的政府工作人员每个月只能赚500美元左右,Y_kN17yeZu
劳伦斯表示,养蜂帮助津巴布韦改善了森林资源dxpK)ty@gUH_5g
现在,如果你环顾四周,(你会看到)穆塔萨的森林资源正在逐步改善,因为很多社群正在与附近的木材业合作,力图抗击森林火灾SWs)rwN+lF6;。与此同时,这附近的森林资源也让很多社群得以将蜂房放在森林里,这也是防止森林火灾的一种途径z(]RZ37|BNR0fv%i5m
大家对这个项目的支持也助力引来更多人对保护环境的关注,同时也获得了津巴布韦政府的关注D=VzFeYbW,Z[v;
比奥莱特是津巴布韦林业委员会的一名代表,该政府机构的工作就是保护森林LG9jrn7hx7。比奥莱特表示,该机构希望当地社群的领导能够重视养蜂@C)Vuv4k_lygX3BXjE。比奥莱特还表示,该组织的工作人员还希望能够停止用焚火来开垦土地的方式r*(+Y**Dg5r-AOO
这样做,我们就能不再遭受森林起火的困扰,因为森林起火会对森林资源造成更大的损失,而这些森林资源是我们过去多少年来悉心种植的R[sey%6bFVB06!uJk
可持续的林业管理不仅能够帮助养蜂者MNZWn~zFGUxNo+。工作人员表示,其实还能够保护木材业以及木材业供给业的健康发展U*C+nD3opV93N2zJE
Jill Robbins为您播报4=WlNJFzdC

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • pilotn. 飞行员,领航员,引航员 vt. 领航,驾驶,向导
  • vehiclen. 车辆,交通工具,手段,工具,传播媒介
  • ceremonyn. 典礼,仪式,礼节,礼仪
  • applicationn. 应用; 申请; 专心 n. 应用软件程序
  • committedadj. 献身于某种事业的,委托的
  • weavern. 织布者,织工
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队
  • spacecraftn. 宇宙飞船
  • planeadj. 平的,与飞机有关的 n. 飞机,水平,水准,刨