Risk of Colon Cancer Death Reduced with Healthy Lifestyle
Researchers say people treated for colon cancer can greatly reduce their risk of death and of the cancer progressing, by living more healthfully.
The study was released just before the yearly gathering of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the world's largest organization of clinical cancer professionals.
Harvard University in Massachusetts questioned 1,000 advanced colon cancer patients across the United States. Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) examined their answers.
The researchers began examining the volunteers at 13 medical centers between 1999 and 2001. The patients were followed for seven years.
Twice during the study, they were asked if their lifestyle followed prevention suggestions from the American Cancer Society. These guidelines include keeping a healthy weight, eating many fruits and vegetables, limiting intake of red and processed meats and exercising on a regular basis.
Only nine percent of the patients in the study followed the guidelines. Those patients had a 42 percent lower risk of death compared to the patients who did not follow the guidelines. The risk of a return of the cancer was also 31 percent lower among the group that followed the guidelines. In the study, colon cancer returned in 335 patients, 256 of whom died from the disease.
Colon cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death.
Erin Van Blarigan of UCSF was the lead investigator. She said people who are treated for colon cancer are living longer than ever before. But she says many more can survive colon cancer if they begin living a healthy lifestyle after identification and treatment of the disease.
I'm Jonathan Evans.
1.colon cancer 结肠癌
Calcium may aid in the prevention of colon cancer.
2.medical center 医疗中心
Henry County Medical Center is a county-owned and operated nonprofit institution.
3.processed meat 加工肉；肉制品
Most of the commonly known processed meat products originate from countries in moderate or cold climates.
4.compared to 与...相比
Our work can be compared to a battle.
1.She said people who are treated for colon cancer are living longer than ever before.
than ever before 比从前更...
Japan is wealthier and more powerful than ever before.
It's hoped that the telescope will enable scientists to see deeper into the universe than ever before.
2.But she says many more can survive colon cancer if they begin living a healthy lifestyle after identification and treatment of the disease.
healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式
It is important that you lose weight and develop a healthy lifestyle.
And my healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.
美国马塞诸塞州的哈佛大学调查了1000名晚期结肠癌患者 。加利福尼亚州洛杉矶大学的研究人员对收到的回复进行了分析 。
研究人员首先对1999年至2001年间的13家医疗中心志愿者给出的回复进行了分析 。这些的病患接受了为期七年的随访调查 。
在调查研究期间，受访患者曾两次被问及他们的生活习惯是否遵循了美国肿瘤协会给予的防范建议 。美国肿瘤协会的建议包括保持健康的体重，多食水果蔬菜，少吃红肉和加工肉，定期进行体育锻炼 。
只有9％的受访患者遵循了这些建议 。这些患者的癌症死亡率比那些没有遵循建议的患者低42％ 。此外，他们的癌症复发率也比后者低31％ 。受访患者中有335名病人结肠癌复发，其中256人死亡 。
加利福尼亚州洛杉矶大学的艾琳·布拉里干（Erin Van Blarigan）是该研究组组长 。她说，接受结肠癌治疗的患者比以往的患者存活时间更久 。但她也表示，如果结肠癌患者在确诊并接受治疗后遵循健康的生活方式，那么更多患者就能从结肠癌中存活 。