VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):健康生活方式可降低结肠癌死亡风险
日期:2017-06-06 16:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Risk of Colon Cancer Death Reduced with Healthy Lifestyle
Researchers say people treated for colon cancer can greatly reduce their risk of death and of the cancer progressing, by living more healthfully.
The study was released just before the yearly gathering of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, the world's largest organization of clinical cancer professionals.
Harvard University in Massachusetts questioned 1,000 advanced colon cancer patients across the United States. Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) examined their answers.
The researchers began examining the volunteers at 13 medical centers between 1999 and 2001. The patients were followed for seven years.
Twice during the study, they were asked if their lifestyle followed prevention suggestions from the American Cancer Society. These guidelines include keeping a healthy weight, eating many fruits and vegetables, limiting intake of red and processed meats and exercising on a regular basis.
Only nine percent of the patients in the study followed the guidelines. Those patients had a 42 percent lower risk of death compared to the patients who did not follow the guidelines. The risk of a return of the cancer was also 31 percent lower among the group that followed the guidelines. In the study, colon cancer returned in 335 patients, 256 of whom died from the disease.
Colon cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer death.
Erin Van Blarigan of UCSF was the lead investigator. She said people who are treated for colon cancer are living longer than ever before. But she says many more can survive colon cancer if they begin living a healthy lifestyle after identification and treatment of the disease.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.colon cancer 结肠癌

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Calcium may aid in the prevention of colon cancer.
钙可能有助于预防结肠癌p7Xt7EJ~NkUo1Y(

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2.medical center 医疗中心

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Henry County Medical Center is a county-owned and operated nonprofit institution.
亨利县医疗中心是一县拥有和经营的非盈利性机构q(jqia+RVGSn

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3.processed meat 加工肉;肉制品

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Most of the commonly known processed meat products originate from countries in moderate or cold climates.
普遍为人们所知的大部分肉制品都是原产于气候温和或寒冷的国家3AdGrv@h!7

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4.compared to 与...相比

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Our work can be compared to a battle.
我们的工作好比一场战斗t8u(U1-+28Tu

内容解析

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1.She said people who are treated for colon cancer are living longer than ever before.

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than ever before 比从前更...

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Japan is wealthier and more powerful than ever before.
日本比以往任何时候都更加富有和强大;dK1Lf|MbW5h^pRxS
It's hoped that the telescope will enable scientists to see deeper into the universe than ever before.
人们希望望远镜能使科学家看到比以往更遥远的宇宙深处CS!25_t%0zA

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2.But she says many more can survive colon cancer if they begin living a healthy lifestyle after identification and treatment of the disease.

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healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

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It is important that you lose weight and develop a healthy lifestyle.
减肥和健康的生活方式对你来说是非常重要的k9nMbP![h-aH&KkK;(
And my healthy lifestyle helps me get good grades.
我的健康的生活方式可以帮助我取得好的学习成绩;I37Ll~Q9gR.R-)tMEDW

参考译文

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健康生活方式可降低结肠癌死亡风险
研究人员表示,结肠癌患者通过遵循更健康的生活方式可以很大程度上降低患癌死亡率,同样还可以降低癌症进一步恶化的概率](+nOI2lU3t8
此研究正好赶在美国临床肿瘤协会(全球最大的临床肿瘤专业研究组织)一年一度的年会召开前发表Wx4!U+,.GywqKQ7bgQ
美国马塞诸塞州的哈佛大学调查了1000名晚期结肠癌患者WwR]][cHPR5X!!&A~t。加利福尼亚州洛杉矶大学的研究人员对收到的回复进行了分析0TQ0eg5XC3kA.r

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健康生活习惯可降低结肠癌死亡率.jpeg
研究人员首先对1999年至2001年间的13家医疗中心志愿者给出的回复进行了分析M#L8sIIZdK@69^rYrX[。这些的病患接受了为期七年的随访调查8dkGuZE)WDo_c;
在调查研究期间,受访患者曾两次被问及他们的生活习惯是否遵循了美国肿瘤协会给予的防范建议C|F7O2*rfNlD7qHO03M8。美国肿瘤协会的建议包括保持健康的体重,多食水果蔬菜,少吃红肉和加工肉,定期进行体育锻炼Fyn5Q&5v+-(0,Q
只有9%的受访患者遵循了这些建议(assKu[0+,&qPkVhwg。这些患者的癌症死亡率比那些没有遵循建议的患者低42%JM0U|CPWo[8i0rc。此外,他们的癌症复发率也比后者低31%ft0^55cz^YZ~4。受访患者中有335名病人结肠癌复发,其中256人死亡TL(7RVnOe]*xMHBe
结肠癌是癌症致死的第二大诱因WPJfl1N!Rt,f8]bqYd*
加利福尼亚州洛杉矶大学的艾琳·布拉里干(Erin Van Blarigan)是该研究组组长KgLNKB0D_7&l~^。她说,接受结肠癌治疗的患者比以往的患者存活时间更久NxM_.vKS(31YTM&4s.@。但她也表示,如果结肠癌患者在确诊并接受治疗后遵循健康的生活方式,那么更多患者就能从结肠癌中存活0uCitUc2Awt(4
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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