University Students Working to Solve US Defense Problems
Stanford University in California offers a class called "Hacking for Defense."
This course helps Stanford students understand some of the national security issues facing the United States.
Students taking the course are not reading books or doing traditional research. Instead, they are working to solve problems given to them by the U.S. military.
Teachers launched the 10-week-long class last year. Now, it is being taught at eight other universities.
Class projects include helping troops deal with changes in mapping technology and creating sensors to help injured soldiers. Other projects involve cyber security -- helping protect computers from attack.
A teacher may ask students to find ways to help military veterans with more than one injury. Others can be asked to develop technology that will let Navy Seal divers stay underwater longer.
Benji Nguyen is a graduate student at Stanford. His interest is public policy.
"So I'm with USTRANSCOM, which manages transportation in the United States, to better-improve cyber security at the country's seaports."
Nguyen's parents are from Vietnam.
"I've talked about this class, actually. Their impression is that when I'm here I'm studying, reading textbooks, or doing problem sets. When I told them I am actually working with the military to help solve a problem, they were really excited about it actually."
Steve Blank is one of the teachers. He says students from other countries attend the class.
"We take the military intelligence problems and we scrub them down so anybody can work on them. But I was surprised by the number of foreign students from Singapore and China, from India, who were just interested in learning that same methodology and could take it home -- from wherever they are."
Blank says the students learn how an organization makes decisions. They have to learn where the money for a project comes from, who controls the financing and who is going to build the project.
Some students create companies after completing their studies. Others accept positions at an agency they worked with.
Buvana Dayanandan wants to help injured soldiers.
"We are working on helping veterans that have experienced some polytrauma and figuring out how technology can increase their quality of life and their independence for a longer period of time."
I'm Dan Friedell.
1.make decision 做决定
How might an organization's culture influence the way managers make decision?
2.scrub down 清洗；擦洗
The rest of them are to scrub down their cells to get rid of as much of their scent as they can.
3.public policy 公共政策
We need a public policy, a means of intervention and stabilisation.
4.national security 国家安全
The Constitution grants the president plenipotentiary powers to use military force to protect our national security.
1."We are working on helping veterans that have experienced some polytrauma and figuring out how technology can increase their quality of life and their independence for a longer period of time."
figuring out 应对；搞清楚
We're figuring out art work, rebuilding our website and doing prep work.
Can you help me in figuring out that what is going wrong?
2.Class projects include helping troops deal with changes in mapping technology and creating sensors to help injured soldiers.
deal with 处理；应对
In dealing with suicidal youngsters, our aims should be clear.
She saw a psychiatrist who used hypnotism to help her deal with her fear.
上这门课不需要书本，也不用做传统的研究 。相反，学生只需要解决美国军方提出的难题 。
去年，老师开设了一次为期10周的课程 。如今，另外8所大学也开设了这门课程 。
课程内容包括帮助军队应对定位技术的变化，发明传感器帮助受伤士兵 。其他课程项目还涉及网络安全，即保护电脑免受攻击 。
老师可能会要求学生设法帮助那些受重伤的老兵 。还有可能要求其他学生研发科技延长海豹突击队在水下停留的时间 。
班吉·阮（Benji Nguyen）是斯坦福大学的研究生 。他对公共政策学很感兴趣 。
“其实我已经和父母交流过这门课程 。不过他们只知道我在那里学习、看书、解题 。当知道我其实在为部队效力时，他们特别兴奋 。”
史蒂夫·布莱克（Steve Blank）是课程的教师之一 。他表示，外国学生也会选修这门课 。
“我们会谈论军事情报问题，之后再清除讨论记录，以便其他学生重新讨论 。但是，让我吃惊的是来自新加坡、中国和印度的一部分学生，他们兴致勃勃地学习这些相同方法，之后学成归国 。”
布莱克说，学生将学习组织机构如何做决定 。他们必须了解项目资金的来源，资金的操控者以及项目的发起人 。
有的学生完成学业后会创建公司 。还有一些学生会进入之前合作的企业任职 。
而布瓦娜（Buvana Dayanandan）想帮助那些受伤士兵 。