VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):暴力与天灾致数百万人流离失所
日期:2017-05-31 11:05

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Millions Displaced by Violence, Disasters
More than 30 million people were displaced within their own countries last year.
That number comes from a new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre and the Norwegian Refugee Council.
The two groups blame criminal violence and natural disasters for driving millions of people from their homes.
The report also found that nearly 7 million people were newly displaced in 2016.
Jan Egeland is the Director-General of the Norwegian Refugee Council.
"When a family is pushed out of their home, sometimes for years, it is a sign something is wrong in a nation, the locality, but also in international relations," Egeland said.
The country with the most newly internally displaced persons in 2016 was the Democratic Republic of Congo, or DRC. More than 922,000 people were driven from their homes because of conflict.
The report found that the DRC had more newly displaced people than Syria and Iraq. Syria was second with 824,000 while Iraq was third with 659,000 displaced persons.
Egeland said three provinces in the DRC -- North and South Kivu and Kasai -- are where most of the displacements took place.
Afghanistan, Nigeria and Yemen all had nearly half a million or more internally displaced persons.
Internal displacement is a more common problem than refugees driven from their country, Egeland said.
"Internally displaced people now outnumber refugees by two to one," he said.
Alexandra Bilak is the director of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. She says displacement can be only the start for some people.
"We need to acknowledge that without the right kind of support and protection, a person internally displace today may become a refugee, an asylum seeker or an international migrant tomorrow," she said.
One major cause for displacement is criminal violence, the report said. That is the case in some places in Central America. In El Salvador, for example, drug-related violence caused 200,000 people to leave their homes in 2016.
The other major cause is natural disasters, such as floods, storms, drought, and wildfires. In 2016, three times more people were displaced by such disasters than in 2015.
Researchers worry that the number of people displaced by weather events will continue to rise because of extreme weather linked to climate change.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center has called for more information about the internally displaced and more money to deal with the problem. The United Nations has called for cutting the number of the internally displaced in half by 2030.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.the internally displaced people 国内流离失所者

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Pandya says about half the internally displaced people in the Rift Valley Province are children under age five.
潘德亚说,裂谷省大约一半无家可归者是年龄在5岁以下的儿童W.4Z7ip;w5u@a.i6u

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2.push out 拉出;排出

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Ever had someone encourage you to push out a great worker while they were on bereavement leave?
有没有过这样的同事---他们鼓励你出头而自己却闪到一边?

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3.natural disasters 自然灾害

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Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
天灾人祸打乱了政府的经济计划Ha,@@M5IEZ

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4.criminal violence 暴力犯罪

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Civil wars have too often been followed by criminal violence.
内战过后,暴力犯罪往往会随之而来4VA%pi]a)nX|zDwH[,x]

内容解析

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1.Researchers worry that the number of people displaced by weather events will continue to rise because of extreme weather linked to climate change.

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climate change 气候变化

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Carbon emissions exacerbate the global climate change problem.
碳排放加剧了全球气候变化问题+MfS)Kp@h-D[AkLDndL
The scientists investigated the effect of pollution and climate change on what they called the rainforests of the ocean.
科学家们调查污染和气候变化对他们称之为海洋热带雨林的影响v1h_Z8|ZJ.

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2.The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center has called for more information about the internally displaced and more money to deal with the problem.

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deal with 处理;解决

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In dealing with suicidal youngsters, our aims should be clear.
在对待有自杀倾向的青少年时,我们的目标应当很明确%z99@5ZqI;epNCK
She saw a psychiatrist who used hypnotism to help her deal with her fear.
她去看了一位用催眠术帮她克服恐惧感的精神科医生APLKQbCz+chT0U[p6*

参考译文

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暴力与天灾致数百万人流离失所
去年,超过3000万人在国内流离失所uEH[b|Q0SQQ3WJz
国内流离失所监测中心和挪威难民理事会的一份最新报告披露了这一数据iDu-yoA~=uuq#dXzR7X
这两家机构将数百万人流离失所的原因归咎于暴力犯罪和自然灾害qI(9)v9CiMTsYncuGnb
该报告还发现,2016年新增了近700万名流离失所者8*_U98A|QVvY,
扬·埃格兰(Jan Egeland)是挪威难民理事会的总干事68i8o&SU75pT

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暴力和天灾指数百万人流离失所.jpg
埃格兰表示,“当一户家庭被迫离开家乡,甚至一去数年,这不仅意味着一个国家出现问题,也标志着国际关系出现裂痕_MFLqA!(H&ha;4zGVZB
2016年,刚果民主共和国成为新增国内流离失所者最多的国家,该国超过92.2万人因暴力冲突被迫离家W9|+k_BgTeeg&4
报告还发现,刚果民主共和国新增的流离失所者甚至超过了叙利亚和伊拉克*Ovm8HcoU|。叙利亚以82.4万名流离失所者排名第二,伊拉克以65.9万名流离失所者排名第三lza#)1l]5|.x*qGOk
埃格兰表示,刚果民主共和国的北基伍省、南基伍省和开赛省是流离失所者的高发地段L@q^*pxWJZ
而阿富汗、尼日利亚和也门也都有近50万甚至更多的国内流离失所者^7f7VH%TEU1vVE9
埃格兰表示,与被迫离开国家的难民相比,国内流离失所者更常见IJ-hPZpicoR9
他说,“如今,国内流离失所的人数是难民人数的两倍N*G3cHUeL2z。”
亚历山德拉·布莱克(Alexandra Bilak)是国内流离失所监测中心主任L]&UqCFXBBqC7M3。她说,对一些人来说,流离失所只是开始[]g8*fkJPF@10
她说:“我们必须承认,如果没有适当的支持和保护,今日的国内流离失所者们可能成为明日的难民、寻求庇护者或国际移民anf3i!kIZIDI。”
该报告指出,暴力犯罪是导致流离失所的原因之一rFcvDfFEGO50AQ1.N0。例如中美洲的一些地方03z=l5d(PwOMIn66。2016年,与毒品有关的暴力导致萨尔瓦多20万人离开家园VB4OUvm-G;+#TY
自然灾害是第二大原因,如洪水、暴风雨、干旱和火灾gM]eJ-aFaHA。2016年因自然灾害流离失所的人数是2015年的三倍多SS._IXM5ca
研究人员担心,鉴于气候变化导致极端天气,因气候原因而流离失所的人数还将继续攀升f_w4gRhl1LS!oQ8s8T
国内流离失所监测中心呼吁提供更多国内流离失所者的信息并提供更多资金解决这一问题is29S@Xbb0KTNSTz;^)C。联合国呼吁,在2030年前将流离失所者人数减半h^V;_-EgZ0t
马里奥·里特为您播报,tENujnp)lz#0l&D#V.

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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