Millions Displaced by Violence, Disasters
More than 30 million people were displaced within their own countries last year.
That number comes from a new report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre and the Norwegian Refugee Council.
The two groups blame criminal violence and natural disasters for driving millions of people from their homes.
The report also found that nearly 7 million people were newly displaced in 2016.
Jan Egeland is the Director-General of the Norwegian Refugee Council.
"When a family is pushed out of their home, sometimes for years, it is a sign something is wrong in a nation, the locality, but also in international relations," Egeland said.
The country with the most newly internally displaced persons in 2016 was the Democratic Republic of Congo, or DRC. More than 922,000 people were driven from their homes because of conflict.
The report found that the DRC had more newly displaced people than Syria and Iraq. Syria was second with 824,000 while Iraq was third with 659,000 displaced persons.
Egeland said three provinces in the DRC -- North and South Kivu and Kasai -- are where most of the displacements took place.
Afghanistan, Nigeria and Yemen all had nearly half a million or more internally displaced persons.
Internal displacement is a more common problem than refugees driven from their country, Egeland said.
"Internally displaced people now outnumber refugees by two to one," he said.
Alexandra Bilak is the director of the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center. She says displacement can be only the start for some people.
"We need to acknowledge that without the right kind of support and protection, a person internally displace today may become a refugee, an asylum seeker or an international migrant tomorrow," she said.
One major cause for displacement is criminal violence, the report said. That is the case in some places in Central America. In El Salvador, for example, drug-related violence caused 200,000 people to leave their homes in 2016.
The other major cause is natural disasters, such as floods, storms, drought, and wildfires. In 2016, three times more people were displaced by such disasters than in 2015.
Researchers worry that the number of people displaced by weather events will continue to rise because of extreme weather linked to climate change.
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center has called for more information about the internally displaced and more money to deal with the problem. The United Nations has called for cutting the number of the internally displaced in half by 2030.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.the internally displaced people 国内流离失所者
Pandya says about half the internally displaced people in the Rift Valley Province are children under age five.
2.push out 拉出；排出
Ever had someone encourage you to push out a great worker while they were on bereavement leave?
3.natural disasters 自然灾害
Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
4.criminal violence 暴力犯罪
Civil wars have too often been followed by criminal violence.
1.Researchers worry that the number of people displaced by weather events will continue to rise because of extreme weather linked to climate change.
climate change 气候变化
Carbon emissions exacerbate the global climate change problem.
The scientists investigated the effect of pollution and climate change on what they called the rainforests of the ocean.
2.The Internal Displacement Monitoring Center has called for more information about the internally displaced and more money to deal with the problem.
deal with 处理；解决
In dealing with suicidal youngsters, our aims should be clear.
She saw a psychiatrist who used hypnotism to help her deal with her fear.
扬·埃格兰（Jan Egeland）是挪威难民理事会的总干事 。
报告还发现，刚果民主共和国新增的流离失所者甚至超过了叙利亚和伊拉克 。叙利亚以82.4万名流离失所者排名第二，伊拉克以65.9万名流离失所者排名第三 。
亚历山德拉·布莱克（Alexandra Bilak）是国内流离失所监测中心主任 。她说，对一些人来说，流离失所只是开始 。
该报告指出，暴力犯罪是导致流离失所的原因之一 。例如中美洲的一些地方 。2016年，与毒品有关的暴力导致萨尔瓦多20万人离开家园 。
自然灾害是第二大原因，如洪水、暴风雨、干旱和火灾 。2016年因自然灾害流离失所的人数是2015年的三倍多 。
国内流离失所监测中心呼吁提供更多国内流离失所者的信息并提供更多资金解决这一问题 。联合国呼吁，在2030年前将流离失所者人数减半 。