VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):留学难!加州大学对外招生政策收紧
日期:2017-05-23 15:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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University of California Votes Limits on Non-State Students
State universities in California are planning to limit admission of undergraduate students from other states and from overseas.
The decision follows release of a report by the state's auditor, Elaine Howle. She found qualified California residents were being denied admission to California state universities because of the acceptance of many non-state residents.
Under the new policy, enrollment of non-California residents will be limited to 18 percent at five University of California campuses. Those campuses are: Santa Barbara, Davis, Santa Cruz, Riverside and Merced.
At the four other campuses, in Los Angeles (UCLA), Berkeley, Irvin and San Diego, the percentage of non-state residents is already above 18 percent. Those schools will not be permitted to go above their percentage of non-state residents admitted for the 2017-2018 school year.
The policy will take effect at the start of the 2018-2019 school year.
Emotional Debate at Board Meeting
There was emotional debate at Thursday's Board of Regents meeting as a majority of members voted to limit out-of-state residents.
Board member Hadi Makarechian was once an international student. He moved to California from Iran in the 1960s.
Makarechian told the board he fears the new limits will lead gifted international students to look elsewhere for college.
"I know the ‘in thing' today is to build walls, but we are building a wall around the University of California by doing this," he said.
But University of California President Janet Napolitano said the new limit on out-of-state residents is a "balanced" decision.
Napolitano said the policy supports "our pledge that non-resident students will be enrolled only in addition to, and never in place of, Californians." But it still provides opportunities for students from around the world, she said.
The state university system in California is one of the largest in the world. It serves about 210,000 undergraduate students. About 16.5 percent of them are from outside California.
About 10.9 percent of non-California undergraduates are international students. They come from about 100 countries.
There are financial reasons for the acceptance of so many non-state residents.California state universities receive about $61,000 a year from non-state residents, compared to about $34,000 per student for in-state students. That is a difference of about $27,000.
In March, UCLA Chancellor Gene Block told the board that extra tuition from non-state residents helped his university avoid cuts and add some courses, even as state education spending dropped.
But, as the Regents met last week, its members were mindful of another issue. The California state government had been holding up $18.5 million in aid to the state's universities until the board moved to reduce non-state admissions.
Assemblyman Kevin McCarty had led the move to hold up the financing. He said lawmakers have been hearing from parents who say their children were being denied admission to state universities in favor of out-of-state students with "lower academic scores."
Competition for admission at California universities is intense.
UCLA received 102,000 applications for the 2017 freshman class, the school reported. It is the first time that over 100,000 students asked to be admitted.
Last year, UCLA accepted about 17,500 for its 2016 freshman class, the school reported. Of that number, 10,406 were state residents, 4,614 were out-of-state residents and 2,454 were from outside the United States, the school reported.
Of the 17,500 accepted, 6,546 were enrolled at the Los Angeles university. About 25 percent were from outside California.
I'm Bruce Alpert.
And I'm Alice Bryant.

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词汇解析

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1.freshman class 新生班

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The biggest freshman class ever is headed to college in a few weeks.
几周后,美国有史以来人数最多的一批大学新生将涌入校园+CcIo=P[fYeB]

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2.academic scores 学业成绩

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As a result, the academic scores of 88 per cent of these children fall below what would be the passing line in cities.
结果,88%的留守儿童的学习成绩达不到城市里的及格线jzXCs7;*%c!f

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3.hold up 阻挡;拦截;举起;等一下

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Continuing violence could hold up progress towards reform.
持续的暴力活动可能会阻延改革的进程;9y2^F|okTA^H~@Kih,1

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4.in aid 援助

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They have already pledged billions of dollars in aid.
他们已经许诺援助几十亿美元8&5H=a&R!a

内容解析

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1.Napolitano said the policy supports "our pledge that non-resident students will be enrolled only in addition to, and never in place of, Californians."

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in place of 代替

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These facilities can have weather maps analyzed in place of a forecaster.
这些设备可代替预报员把天气图分析出来*A0_24+1ww-
Fuel cells can BE used in place of virtually any other source of electricity.
燃料电池可以用来取代几乎所有的电力来源byY@-CXntg

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2.He said lawmakers have been hearing from parents who say their children were being denied admission to state universities in favor of out-of-state students with "lower academic scores."

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in favor of 支持;赞同

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They phased out my job in favor of a computer.
他们逐步用一台计算机淘汰了我的工作岗位
The jury voted 8-to-4 in favor of acquittal.
陪审团以8比4的投票结果赞成无罪判决GxvTg~,iEm.N8px.KsP0

参考译文

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加州大学将限制外州和留学生的录取人数
加州的州立大学计划限制美国其它州和海外的本科学生招生数量G,wQxxDt[5bpo*
这一决定是在加州审计员伊莱恩·豪尔(Elaine Howle)发布了一份报告后出炉的K!*uN@xh*6。她发现,加州的州立大学在招收了很多外州学生后导致符合资格的本州学生被拒之门外1#(ssavHYC)L)K]-TH
新政策规定,加州大学5个校区录取外州学生的比例将被控制在18%UrQ&0PJp8_F。包括圣巴巴拉、戴维斯、圣克鲁斯、河滨和默塞德校区D]88oQwsA[b.nihP
在加州大学的洛杉矶、伯克利、埃尔文和圣地亚哥4个校区,外州学生的录取率已经超过了18%c#t5C03@f,hmry。2017-2018学年,这些校区在录取州外学生时不得超过规定的比例r#pQ1TC;va
该政策将于2018-2019学年开始生效%PDUhqklU(

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加州大学招生限制.png
学校理事会的激烈辩论
周四,大学理事会上进行了一场激烈的辩论,其中绝大多数人投票支持限制外州学生!tdy5k-!.Ao.[C!~MSn_
理事会成员哈迪·玛卡瑞肯(Hadi Makarechian)曾经是一名国际留学生@CmvU^^Po%^。20世纪60年代,他从伊朗移民到加州U^&BK&dP[P]@;U
玛卡瑞肯对理事会表示,他担心新的限额措施将会导致优秀的海外学生流入其它大学8!t^(!E(Z1p]0%t3!&O
他表示,“我知道如今筑墙(美墨边境墙)很流行,但是此举无疑是给加州大学筑一堵隔离墙zYH9!i]0D-P。”
然而,加州大学校长珍妮特·纳波利塔诺(Janet Napolitano)认为,对外州学生实施限额措施是一项“平衡”决策mK9Og5bdk2EOBh#;#
纳波利塔诺表示,这项政策维护了我们的承诺——外州学生应该一直是加州本地学生的补充,而不是取而代之U7XXs(-n+u,JkFH。但是她指出,依然会为世界各地的学生提供求学机会ogVoN@uDrq|_
加州的州立大学系统是全球规模最大的大学系统之一@pnCYQ-xsMZ。一共招收大约21万名本科生,其中约16.5%的学生来自外州L(A,ijV2QyM+=R49ExV
约10.9%的外州本科生是国际留学生,他们来自于100多个国家klWRh,0N0pk2
出于财政方面的考虑,学校大量招收外州学生eP3D&7Nd+x*KRoqZe#。每年,加州的州立大学收取州外学生的学费约6.1万美元,而收取州内学生的学费只有约3.4万美元#Jgi#0ENwSpeiIFwH。两者相差2.7万美元fSasS;e=W^[a*(Hg6B
3月份,加州大学洛杉矶分校校长吉恩·布洛克(Gene Block)对理事会表示,虽然该州的教育支出有所下降,不过州外学生的额外学费帮助该校避免了削减开支还增加了一些课程+Q(7ltjk9](pI^a8rRP1
但是,在上周的会议上,理事会成员还留意到一个问题TW(S*-feL)q。加州政府冻结了该州州立大学的1850万美元的援助,直到理事会开始减少外州学生的录取人数LPVXYCwI5;vTScW67=_
加州的州众议员凯文·麦凯迪(Kevin McCarty)带头冻结了资金Cs!Xk*eG&qPZW+BYUvr5。他说,议员们常听到父母抱怨孩子被州立大学拒绝录取,转而录取了学分更低的外州学生6.Vpj)k5&x6ny[#[
加州大学的入学竞争异常激烈Jq+_^g(Ge1s@]
学校的报告显示,加州大学洛杉矶分校2017年新生班收到了10.2万份申请书,这是首次有超过10万名学生申请入学Mn2ik9Jb9,Tbj(
报告还指出,加州大学洛杉矶分校2016年新生班录取了大约1.75万名学生)2=4R~1;di3vk!Z9。其中10406名学生为州内学生,4614名学生为外州学生,2454名学生为海外学生BF1*]#+Fc)J-q]FCm_
在被录取的1.75万名学生中,有6546名进入了洛杉矶大学,其中25%的学生来自于州外SipqfC#ki-
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爱丽丝·布莱恩特为您播报XrFF8~ksN,KYUcbES

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • blockn. 街区,木块,石块 n. 阻塞(物), 障碍(物)
  • permittedadj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)
  • academicadj. 学术的,学院的,理论的 n. 大学教师,
  • limitedadj. 有限的,被限制的 动词limit的过去式和过去
  • majorityn. 多数,大多数,多数党,多数派 n. 法定年龄
  • acceptancen. 接受(礼物、邀请、建议等),同意,认可,承兑
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • genen. 基因
  • acquittaln. 开释,宣告无罪
  • violencen. 暴力,猛烈,强暴,暴行