VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国人的寿命取决于其居住地
日期:2017-05-16 15:15

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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How Long Americans Live Depends on Where They Live
A new study has found that how long Americans live depends on where they live.
Researchers at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation or IHME at the University of Washington in Seattle found that the gap between counties with the highest and lowest life expectancies is larger now than it was in 1980. And life expectancy is falling in some counties. The researchers say this shows there is a large "and growing inequality in the health of Americans."
Several counties in the states of North and South Dakota, where many Native Americans live, have the lowest life expectancy rate. In Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota, the life expectancy was 66.8 in 2014.
There has also been a drop in the life expectancy rate in counties in poor areas of Kentucky and West Virginia. In Owsley County, Kentucky, life expectancy was 72.4 years in 1980. But by 2014 it had fallen to 70.2.
Some of the counties with the highest life expectancy are in the western state of Colorado. Summit County had the longest life expectancy at 86.8 years. It was 86.5 in Pitkin County and 85.9 in Eagle County.
The average life expectancy in the United States was 79.1 in 2014.
Dr. Ali Mokdad is one of the authors of the study. He says the findings demonstrate an urgent need "to reduce inequality in the health of Americans."
He says "federal, state and local health departments need to invest in programs that work and engage their communities in disease prevention and health promotion."
The study showed that spending more money on healthcare does not appear to increase life expectancy.
The United States spends more per person on health care than many developed countries -- $9,237 per person in 2014. That compares to $4,032 spent by Australia, which has a life expectancy of 82.3 and Japan, which spent $3,816 and has one of the highest life expectancies in the world at 83.1.
Laura Dwyer-Lindgren is a researcher at IHME and one of the authors of the study. She says examining "life expectancy on a national level masks the massive differences that exist at the local level, especially in a country as diverse as the United States. Risk factors like obesity, lack of exercise, high blood pressure, and smoking explain a large portion of the variation in lifespans, but so do socioeconomic factors like race, education and income."
Dr. Christopher Murray is the director of the IHME. He says "the inequality in health in the United States -- a country that spends more on health care than any other -- is unacceptable. Every American, regardless of where they live or their background, deserves to live a long and healthy life. If we allow trends to continue as they are, the gap will only widen between counties."
The study was published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine.
I'm Phil Dierking.

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词汇解析

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1.life expectancies 预期寿命

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They had longer life expectancies than their parents.
他们比上一辈人的预期寿命要长!vSK%hgqmu#|[ldkDy;

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2.deserves to 应得的

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I think your husband deserves to receive a medal.
我想你的丈夫应该得到奖章=_rWiA3JwfZdEMiO)c

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3.health care 卫生保健;医疗

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He's already solicited their support on health care reform.
他已就医疗改革问题请求他们的支持G|MdI6kQAcfQ9j^

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4.socioeconomic factors 社会经济因素

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The study of socioeconomic factors is important in order to understand various groups within society.
要了解社会的各个群体,必须研究社会经济的种种因素~oP+hwT[-#y!1.*&~

内容解析

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1.Every American, regardless of where they live or their background, deserves to live a long and healthy life.

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regardless of 不管;不顾

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Regardless of whether he is right or wrong, we have to abide by his decisions.
不管他正确与否,我们都得服从他的决定515qD28;,WSH
The fields give high and stable yields regardless of climatic circumstances.
不管天气条件如何,这块地总是保持稳产高产^!@SawkfcODVaL^HZM

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2.He says the findings demonstrate an urgent need "to reduce inequality in the health of Americans."

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an urgent need 迫切需要

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The earthquake victims are in urgent need of medical supplies.
地震灾民迫切需要医疗品gi4jy96LcA;J%|gO
This is an urgent need to rise to national attention and action of a social problem.
这是一个亟待引起国家关注和采取行动的一个社会问题G^9FHC3n;Ch|isyGRrK9

参考译文

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美国人的寿命取决于其居住地
一项新的研究发现,美国人的寿命取决于他们的居住地点1n5.~jx#kt
西雅图华盛顿大学的健康指标和评估研究所(IHME)研究人员发现,如今预期寿命最高的与最低的郡之间的差距较1980年更大&Bp[AIK4+0b。一些郡的预期寿命正在缩短QbLH;6g7Js28y0。研究人员表示,这说明美国人的健康状况“存在着日益严重的不平等现象”Py=lLZKrcUR*]FhY
美国北达科他州和南达科他州的几个郡里生活着许多美洲原著居民,他们的预期寿命是最低的!(Q~%OgxJpxTUv|7p5。在南达科他州的奥格拉拉拉克塔郡,2014年的人均预期寿命只有66.8岁+&T#QDxr!aZq

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美国人的预期寿命取决于其居住地.jpeg
而在肯塔基州和西弗吉尼亚州的贫困地区,人均预期寿命也有所下降&f^#VT!XD]Vm。1980年,肯塔基州的奥斯利郡的人均预期寿命为72.4岁fN(uc@YKOGjzg9Sa,。2014年的人均预期寿命下降至70.2岁]wL2k5gpce(^v
预期寿命最高的郡分布在西部的科罗拉多州y8P]KdSqDztN。萨米特郡的预期寿命高达86.8岁+JXBx4ElZZh。皮特金郡是预期寿命为86.5岁,而伊格尔郡为85.9岁pu*@tG)n0JMBjr
2014年美国人均预期寿命为79.1岁RQ+wpdF81oPFli
阿里·莫卡德(Ali Mokdad)博士是该研究的作者之一z]CLc.GjsjGuKWGB,@wx。他指出,调查结果表明,“减少美国人在健康方面的不平等”需要十分迫切p_KjY_dlvnM(wPHaN
他说,“联邦、州和地方的卫生部门需要在能促进、改善社区疾病预防和健康的项目上投资993pot3eXe*a。”
研究显示,在医疗保健上加大投资似乎并没有提高人均预期寿命QV[&b4sP.gzvH1~ChH
与许多发达国家相比,美国的人均医疗卫生开销更高——2014年为人均9237美元ZJVQb)[5]15xT.~ABSL*。而人均预期寿命为82.3岁的澳大利亚的人均医疗开销只有4032美元;作为全球预期寿命最高的国家之一,日本人均医疗开销仅3816美元,而人均预期寿命为83.1岁q7*7y94gnA3^2I&e
劳拉·德威尔·林德格伦(Laura Dwyer-Lindgren)是IHME的研究员,也是该研究的作者之一GQZt]|5!LOLJq@9。她指出,“一个国家的预期寿命掩盖了地方之间存在的巨大差异,尤其是美国这种多元化的国家drDvs!6M%h.Ue。如肥胖、缺乏锻炼、高血压和吸烟等危险因素成为预期寿命差异较大的部分原因,然而种族、教育和收入等社会经济因素也有一定的影响k*;797fSJB19x。”
克里斯托弗·默里(Christopher Murray)博士是IHME的主任EX!qvuxiQx+#[3|。他指出:“美国在医疗卫生的投入比其他任何国家都多,但美国人在健康状况方面的不平等让人难以接受A^Ye5e![,Kn]Tkc5N。每一位美国人,无论他们住在哪里或背景如何,都应该过上健康、长寿的生活Xmz8YMhKb,UTDa。如果任由该趋势发展,各郡之间的差距只会扩大4H1vwSxQ)+v137X。”
周一,该研究发表于美国医学会杂志内科版面LRx%mr7I4SP3|p(
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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