VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):VOA抨击特朗普限制新闻自由
日期:2017-04-30 20:24

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Two media rights groups have reported a sharp drop in press freedoms around the world in 2016.
The two groups note that much of the decline in media rights took place in democratic countries.
Freedom House and Reporters Without Borders say North Korea, Syria and China were the countries with the most restrictions on media in 2016. They noted that all three countries were among the worst offenders of press freedoms in recent years.
But what is changing is that democracies, such as the United States, also had a decline in press freedom last year.
Jennifer Dunham is the research director for Freedom House.
One of the biggest trends we saw were declines in democracies, and this was one of the most disturbing trends we saw.
Dunham also spoke about U.S. President Donald Trump. She noted that Trump attacked media organizations and individual reporters during the 2016 presidential campaign -- and since his election.
Dunham said free speech is still valued in the United States.
Right now, we are very concerned about the U.S., but we haven't seen any kind of dramatic decline.
Delphine Halgand is the North America director of Reporters Without Borders. She says Trump's criticisms of the media are making leaders in other countries more willing to limit press freedoms.
This hate speech contributed to disinhibit attacks on the media almost everywhere in the world, including in democratic countries.
In its report last Wednesday, Reporters Without Borders said "media freedom has never been so threatened." It said 62 percent of countries measured showed a decline in press freedom.
The report said the reductions in press freedoms were sharpest in places where "the authoritarian strongman model has triumphed," such as Poland, Hungary and Turkey.
The report said the Middle East and North Africa continued to be the most dangerous area for journalists and media crews last year. Eastern Europe and Central Asia were also dangerous places for reporters.
Reporters Without Borders identified five countries with the highest level of freedom for journalists last year. They are Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark and the Netherlands.
Laos, Pakistan, Sweden, Myanmar and the Philippines were the countries with the most improvements in press freedom.
I'm Caty Weaver.

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词汇解析

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1.decline n.下降

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Official figures show a sharp decline in the number of foreign tourists.
官方数字显示外国游客数量骤降&UVZN*WM1~@

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2.restriction n.限制

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His parents are trying to make up to him for the restrictions of urban living.
他的父母正试图为城市生活的诸多限制而补偿他D..GEh#0uf5+04uG

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3.disturbing adj.令人不安的

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There was something about him she found disturbing.
她发现他身上有些东西让她觉得不安4,WQMYlE_p

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4.value vt.重视,珍视

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I value the opinion of my husband and we agree on most things.
我重视我丈夫的意见,而且我们在大多数事情上看法一致+,yj|d0[hj&MF8rdQ

内容解析

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1. The two groups note that much of the decline in media rights took place in democratic countries.

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take place 发生

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Many of our demonstrations could be combined or could take place in parallel with other meetings.
我们很多的演示是可以被合并的,或者可以与其他的会议并行的发生ipuBcPU&FoRPEp+rC02w

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It took place to our surprise.

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它就这么出乎意料地发生了bZJ)yJthSup(-@.St

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2. She says Trump's criticisms of the media are making leaders in other countries more willing to limit press freedoms.

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be willing to do sth 愿意做某事

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Those who are willing to go with me for the task subscribe here.
愿意同我一起去执行这项任务的人请在这儿签名6u4~lUJlpYaq+d5;Zwu

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They have the desire and the ambition but they are not willing to do.
他们拥有对成功的决心和渴望,但他们就是不愿意去实行CCl8;WnXP[15#=

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参考译文

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据2家人权组织报道,2016年,全球新闻自由程度有显著下滑.F85jnoo7z&7#qfvPpV
这2家人权机构表示,新闻自由的剧烈下滑大多发生在民主国家M@GEcW;tgEcl6B
自由之家(Freedom House)无疆界記者组织(Reporterswithout Borders)表示,朝鲜、叙利亚、中国是2016年新闻自由限制最多的国家9cLG#.;~pfSoH8enn。这2家组织报道,这3个国家近年来违背新闻自由的程度最甚Hk#K2)*mFe+jMiUtv
不过,民主国家有所改变的一点是,以美国为例,去年其新闻自由的程度也有下滑=s2~Fa856t
詹妮弗是自由之家该研究的负责人tSn(gN,WpIl7FQn&lx
我们看到的最大趋势之一就是民主国家新闻自由的下滑,这是我们观测到的最令人担心的一个现象#Zj+BA6O#7wC
詹妮弗还提到了美国总统特朗普)1lp+D;w!fgv。詹妮弗强调,特朗普曾在2016年总统大选期间攻击新闻媒体和记者——自其参加大选以来就是如此xHE0Ki([q3Lh7V+m7.-
詹妮弗表示,美国珍视自由言论wHvmcO5LfbFus%l

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目前,我们担心美国的新闻自由形势,但还未观测到显著下降的趋势7XC+,H5jlCB%%5=&O6z
戴尔芬是无疆界記者组织北美分部的负责人EG6~Lfxm!FnCJi。戴尔芬表示,特朗普对媒体界的批评之声让其他很多国家的领导人也更加想要限制新闻自由Of^.D.2ucCoI58*
特朗普的负面言论几乎引发了全球各地对媒体的抨击,包括民主国家PI*ke8B;faH7HjiL35
在上周三发布的报告中,无疆界記者组织表示,“新闻自由从未受到如此严重的威胁_SpDC58[Bk[_GWCm%B。”报告还称,在所比较的国家中,有62%的国家新闻自由有所下滑9,1.oLF2nC
该报告还称,新闻自由下滑最严重的地方当属“一人为大的独裁国家,”比如波兰、匈牙利和土耳其&+Uq_4GF*H%kYn&
报告称,2016年,中东和北非依然是记者和媒体最危险的地带Q2s1Kpb)c%0QC=RK。东欧和中亚也是如此cTZb[b*7BdV46VKJ%[2i
无疆界记者组织认定5个国家为2016年度新闻自由程度最高的国家6kGIB-%^Ng12L。它们是挪威、瑞典、芬兰、丹麦和荷兰1k_QmAB,&u
老挝、巴基斯坦、瑞典、缅甸、菲律宾是新闻自由程度提升最多的国家9(=(Cxoj)c
Caty Weaver为您播报Yf+HTIWIG3ewn~8#

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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