VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):重拳出击 Facebook查删3万虚假帐户
日期:2017-04-17 16:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Facebook Moving to Reduce ‘Fake News’
Facebook is removing the accounts of people who use its social media program to send out "fake news" stories.
Facebook's security team said it found people who use their real names "act responsibly." But it said people who use false names are the ones most likely to post fake stories.
Facebook is also canceling 30,000 fake accounts in France.
The company said it is removing fake accounts with the most "traffic" to limit misinformation before the country's presidential election.
The election will take place on April 23. A second vote between the top candidates is planned for May 7 if no candidate gains a majority in April's election.
One way Facebook says it hopes to remove fake accounts is by looking for people who repeatedly post the same information. Facebook also looks for users who increase their messaging on Facebook's messaging system.
Facebook was criticized for having "fake" stories on its service during the final three months of the 2016 American presidential election.
Professors Hunt Allcott of New York University and Matthew Gentzkow of Stanford University in California released a research paper on the issue last month.
They found fake stories were shared more often on Facebook than reports from news agencies such as NBC News, the New York Times and Washington Post. They said most of the fake news posted on Facebook favored Trump, who defeated Clinton in the November presidential election.
"Our database contains 115 pro-Trump fake stories that were shared on Facebook a total of 30 million times, and 41 pro-Clinton fake stories shared a total of 7.6 million times," the professors wrote.
One of the most popular false reports was a story that Democrat Hillary Clinton sold weapons to Islamic State militants. Another was that Pope Francis endorsed Republican Donald Trump, the news website BuzzFeed said.
As of December 2016, Facebook said it had 1.23 billion daily active users worldwide.
Shabnam Shaik is Technical Program Manager on the Protect and Care Team at Facebook.
In a statement, he said Facebook is improving its systems "to make it easier to respond to reports of abuse," and to cancel "fake accounts and prevent accounts from being compromised."
Not everyone is pleased by Facebook's new security efforts. Some comments about Shaik's announcement raised questions.
One user, whose first name is Deb, said: "I would really like to believe you, but I have reported many fake accounts and fake news stories only to be told that the account doesn't violate community standards."
I'm John Russell.

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词汇解析

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1.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力[0~==c+;NHmV1

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2.fake news 虚假新闻

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The site teases the fake news that it will shut down at midnight.
该网站发布了一条假消息,宣布将在凌晨关闭网站u5Hx~Na~(o&#

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3.a total of 总计

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The companies have a total of 1,776 employees.
这些公司总计有1,776名员工n8oxKe+)aMo3nP

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4.presidential election 总统选举

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Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
总统选举中的两位领先者都不是主流政治家)V[0o.b@Npc-v(

内容解析

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1.The election will take place on April 23.

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take place 举行;发生

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A total solar eclipse is due to take place some time tomorrow.
明天某个时刻会发生日全食*rQE&_EOAHOG3k@ZcAn
Peace talks failed to take place because of a dispute over the venue.
由于在谈判地点上存在分歧,和平谈判未能举行cL[%jF(C~CpqQg-

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2.A second vote between the top candidates is planned for May 7 if no candidate gains a majority in April's election.

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a majority 大多数的

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MPs approved the Bill by a majority of 97.
议员们以97票的多数票通过了该议案[fk09VZ,~H#d
Members of parliament approved the move by a majority of ninety-nine.
议员以99张的多数票批准了这项动议1RORrMe8!Mp@RpW

参考译文

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重拳出击 脸书查删3万虚假帐户
Facebook现正在查删利用该平台传播“假新闻”的账号#)BAAB392[di,
Facebook的安全团队发现,使用真实姓名的用户一般会“负责任的行事”y_h4On)HmAv]。但使用虚假姓名的用户大多喜欢发布虚假新闻(Q.!!Qi6^4oaA~vdw]
法国约3万个伪造Facebook账号被删除F~xY..NPLd=c,bm
该公司表示将尽可能地清除虚假账号,遏制法国总统大选前虚假信息的大量传播TY)~.MFBJ]
法国大选将于4月23日举行V|KVO%bK29,bs|_X%#1。如果四月份的大选中没有候选人获得大多数选票,那么票数最高的两位候选人将于5月7日进行第二轮投票W2Spq2OEd[.,lAl;

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脸书查删大量虚假账户.jpg
Facebook表示,查删虚假账号的手段之一是寻找重复发送相同信息的账号a[rjeZiUSaRr9eVX#&xY。Facebook也会留意那些在平台大量发布信息的用户2*f78pJzrCQST.~v8@c
2016年,美国总统大选最后三个月,Facebook因平台上传播的“虚假”消息遭千夫所指5piRP,uynp]ajJ
上个月,纽约大学的亨特·阿尔克特(Hunt Allcott)教授和斯坦福大学的马修·根茨科(Matthew Gentzkow)就“假新闻”发表了一篇研究论文Hm#8R]8d1-F;!5(%gS
他们发现,与美国全国广播公司、《纽约时报》和《华盛顿邮报》等新闻机构相比,Facebook上的假消息转发量更大.0N]CT&!Vq;Z*2A,zUt]。他们指出,Facebook上大多数假新闻都是支持特朗普,他在11月美国总统大选中胜选希拉里e)Doq,VkM~zi5Q7s
教授指出,“我们的数据库存储着115条支持特朗普的假消息,在Facebook上的转发量高达3000万次,支持希拉里·克林顿的41条假消息在Facebook上转发了760万次”9k9[gZSXo0a7v7LMDd
新闻网站BuzzFeed称,最受关注的假新闻之一是民主党人希拉里向“伊斯兰国”组织出售武器_GRMC_sD=Kp]。另一则假新闻是教皇弗朗西斯支持共和党人特朗普A&7ag,aml6%l-3
截止2016年12月,Facebook拥有的全球日活跃用户达12.3亿8IFepIlD0A_y
莎伯娜姆·史克(Shabnam Shaik)是Facebook防护小组的技术项目经理EIHH5kOoE7TR
史克在一份声明中称,Facebook正在完善平台系统,“以便更易应对消息滥用的问题”,还有查封“虚假账号,防止账号被盗用u8Kkml[P5Yhli9lF。”
大众对Facebook现行的新安全举措褒贬不一S5@]dM)-!H-%jloiRj(D。一些网友对史克的声明颇有微词N56Ahavd..2_Z9NnAP+
一为名为黛比的用户表示:“我倒是想信任你,但我举报了那么多虚假账号和消息,结果被告知该账号并未违反规定(N7o-fDgyLEUq=x)。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • eclipsen. 日或月食,丧失,没落 vt. 形成日或月食,使 .
  • violatevt. 违犯,亵渎,干扰,侵犯,强奸
  • electionn. 选举
  • disputev. 争论,争议,辩驳,质疑 n. 争论,争吵,争端
  • abusen. 滥用,恶习 vt. 滥用,辱骂,虐待
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • removev. 消除,除去,脱掉,搬迁 n. 去除,间距
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • respondv. 回答,答复,反应,反响,响应 n. [建]壁
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流