Facebook Moving to Reduce ‘Fake News’
Facebook is removing the accounts of people who use its social media program to send out "fake news" stories.
Facebook's security team said it found people who use their real names "act responsibly." But it said people who use false names are the ones most likely to post fake stories.
Facebook is also canceling 30,000 fake accounts in France.
The company said it is removing fake accounts with the most "traffic" to limit misinformation before the country's presidential election.
The election will take place on April 23. A second vote between the top candidates is planned for May 7 if no candidate gains a majority in April's election.
One way Facebook says it hopes to remove fake accounts is by looking for people who repeatedly post the same information. Facebook also looks for users who increase their messaging on Facebook's messaging system.
Facebook was criticized for having "fake" stories on its service during the final three months of the 2016 American presidential election.
Professors Hunt Allcott of New York University and Matthew Gentzkow of Stanford University in California released a research paper on the issue last month.
They found fake stories were shared more often on Facebook than reports from news agencies such as NBC News, the New York Times and Washington Post. They said most of the fake news posted on Facebook favored Trump, who defeated Clinton in the November presidential election.
"Our database contains 115 pro-Trump fake stories that were shared on Facebook a total of 30 million times, and 41 pro-Clinton fake stories shared a total of 7.6 million times," the professors wrote.
One of the most popular false reports was a story that Democrat Hillary Clinton sold weapons to Islamic State militants. Another was that Pope Francis endorsed Republican Donald Trump, the news website BuzzFeed said.
As of December 2016, Facebook said it had 1.23 billion daily active users worldwide.
Shabnam Shaik is Technical Program Manager on the Protect and Care Team at Facebook.
In a statement, he said Facebook is improving its systems "to make it easier to respond to reports of abuse," and to cancel "fake accounts and prevent accounts from being compromised."
Not everyone is pleased by Facebook's new security efforts. Some comments about Shaik's announcement raised questions.
One user, whose first name is Deb, said: "I would really like to believe you, but I have reported many fake accounts and fake news stories only to be told that the account doesn't violate community standards."
I'm John Russell.
1.social media 社交媒体
We have all witnessed the power of social media.
2.fake news 虚假新闻
The site teases the fake news that it will shut down at midnight.
3.a total of 总计
The companies have a total of 1,776 employees.
4.presidential election 总统选举
Neither of the front-runners in the presidential election is a mainstream politician.
1.The election will take place on April 23.
take place 举行；发生
A total solar eclipse is due to take place some time tomorrow.
Peace talks failed to take place because of a dispute over the venue.
2.A second vote between the top candidates is planned for May 7 if no candidate gains a majority in April's election.
a majority 大多数的
MPs approved the Bill by a majority of 97.
Members of parliament approved the move by a majority of ninety-nine.
Facebook的安全团队发现，使用真实姓名的用户一般会“负责任的行事” 。但使用虚假姓名的用户大多喜欢发布虚假新闻 。
法国大选将于4月23日举行 。如果四月份的大选中没有候选人获得大多数选票，那么票数最高的两位候选人将于5月7日进行第二轮投票 。
Facebook表示，查删虚假账号的手段之一是寻找重复发送相同信息的账号 。Facebook也会留意那些在平台大量发布信息的用户 。
上个月，纽约大学的亨特·阿尔克特（Hunt Allcott）教授和斯坦福大学的马修·根茨科（Matthew Gentzkow）就“假新闻”发表了一篇研究论文 。
他们发现，与美国全国广播公司、《纽约时报》和《华盛顿邮报》等新闻机构相比，Facebook上的假消息转发量更大 。他们指出，Facebook上大多数假新闻都是支持特朗普，他在11月美国总统大选中胜选希拉里 。
新闻网站BuzzFeed称，最受关注的假新闻之一是民主党人希拉里向“伊斯兰国”组织出售武器 。另一则假新闻是教皇弗朗西斯支持共和党人特朗普 。
莎伯娜姆·史克（Shabnam Shaik）是Facebook防护小组的技术项目经理 。
大众对Facebook现行的新安全举措褒贬不一 。一些网友对史克的声明颇有微词 。