VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):机器人助自闭症儿童学习社交技能
日期:2017-04-13 16:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Robot Helps Autistic Children Learn Social Skills
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.
April is Autism Awareness Month in the United States.
Autism, also known as Autism Spectrum Disorder, is a complex developmental disability. It affects a person's ability to communicate and do things with other people.
Children with autism face many challenges.
For examples, schools can be a difficult place for autistic children. Many schools are filled with loud noises, active classrooms and nearly non-stop social interactions.
So, researchers in Britain have made a child-sized robot to help autistic children learn social skills.
The robot, called Kaspar, can improve their ability to communicate with adults and other children.
Dealing with Kaspar is easier for most children with autism than interacting with someone else. The robot uses games and songs to help the children learn social interaction and communication skills.
Ben Robins is with the University of Hertfordshire. He says the robot's movements are directed by an adult, who uses remote control equipment. So a teacher or therapist is always involved.
Robins explains that the robot gives therapists more ways to interact with autistic children. He adds that the children seem more at ease when they look at Kaspar's face.
"Sometimes they're looking into the face and they're eye-gazing with the robot much more than what they do with a person."
He adds Kaspar is flexible. It can change to meet the needs of the 170 children who have played with him over the past 10 years.
This flexibility is important.
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often have problems with spoken language and eye contact. But the signs of the condition can differ greatly from one child to the next.
The word "spectrum" is an important part of the definition. You might hear of a child described as being "on the spectrum." This means that tests showed the child has some level of autism. It could be minor or quite severe.
Alice Lynch works with an organization called Tracks Autism. She has been studying Kaspar's effect on students in the classroom.
Lynch says the robot has had a major effect on the behavior of the students. She notes there was one boy who could not eat with his classmates. But now after "feeding" Kaspar, he has begun to take part, or integrate himself, in classroom activities. For example, he now eats meals with other students.
"And then we started doing it with Kaspar and he really, really enjoyed feeding Kaspar, making him eat when he was hungry, things like that. And now he's started to integrate into the classroom and eat alongside his peers."
Ben Robins says research like this is important. It shows that what the child learns with Kaspar transfers to other situations or contexts in his or her life.
"This long-term study is very important, because it's important to see is there's any transference of these skills when they play with the robot into other context like in the classroom or at home; what's happened outside the context of the robot."
The Kaspar robot is still in development. However, its designers say their goal is to see every child who could benefit from the robot get their very own Kaspar.
And that's the Health & Lifestyle report.
I'm Anna Matteo.

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词汇解析

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1.social interactions 社交互动

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Everyday, we have social interactions, and are exposed to people we don't know.
每天我们都进行社会交流,遇上我们不认识的人49xry@MXIB|g

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2.benefit from 受益于

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I feel that women in all types of employment can benefit from joining a union.
我认为女性无论从事什么工作,加入工会都是有好处的X6q=XIWNDE=q.

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3.eye contact 眼神交流

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He avoids any eye contact, quickly averting his gaze when anyone approaches
他避免任何眼神接触,一有人靠近就把目光迅速移开rsMyJ&!]E_gNkr;)UAYd

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4.take part 参与

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We had the devil's own job to persuade him to take part.
我们说服他参加可费了一番周折Z8^*.HKx[CnZkW6

内容解析

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1.Lynch says the robot has had a major effect on the behavior of the students.

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had a major effect on 对...影响重大

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He had a major effect on the lives of people around the world.
他对全世界人民生活的影响是巨大的3UfH^0&-98rwnzY
What seemed like an unplanned comment about Syria's chemical weapons had a major effect on world events this week.
本周,一条看似不经意的关于叙利亚化学武器的评论却对国际事件产生了重大影响zxzA~rVTaH^G9)X]

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2.He adds that the children seem more at ease when they look at Kaspar's face.

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at ease 自在

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He appeared embarrassed and ill at ease with the sustained applause that greeted him.
向他致意的掌声一直不歇,他显得有些难为情,不知如何是好BZq![EAbjrMr
He always feels rather ill at ease before strangers.
他在陌生人面前总有些不自在QrkdctExRTI1ww)H

参考译文

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机器人帮自闭症儿童学习社交技能
这里是VOA慢速英语健康生活报道imBU@ra+,9OIJ
美国将4月定为自闭症宣传月t_+(PAHSFu(2CEhvv,zQ
自闭症也称“自闭症谱系障碍”,是一种复杂的发育障碍!*+!Pk8glND2V6s*v_V。该病症会影响与他人沟通和团队合作的能力-h*ol!wz-24JAB_1o
自闭症儿童面临着诸多挑战OZB88it4dSZB[mM

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机器人帮自闭症儿童学习社交技能.jpg
例如,自闭症儿童难以适应学校的集体生活WQD|J,M1Tq@Q。多数学校都比较吵闹、课堂气氛活跃,社交互动频繁pXHJ#Zw]+tOgU-h
鉴于此,英国研究人员发明了一款儿童大小的机器人帮助自闭症儿童学习社交技能]Y3ZyNSzKH=aQH
该款机器人名为卡斯帕(Kaspar),可提高自闭症儿童与成人和其他儿童的交流能力;z+QjUz+_osaYp
对于大多数自闭症儿童而言,与卡斯帕相处更加容易gCC-0AuZ%F。机器人利用游戏和歌曲帮自闭症儿童学习社交互动与沟通技巧B-u@7&ox.T
本·罗宾斯(Ben Robins)在赫特福德郡大学任职Fy05&ayCVYF2b]。他介绍称,成人利用遥控器操纵机器人的一举一动Y,TtbGlL#*D.DLj2。因此,这离不开老师或治疗师的帮助dqAepQ]E^A
罗宾斯解释称,机器人为治疗师提供了很多与自闭症儿童交流的方式.vEh-G%oOz;3。他还说,当自闭症儿童面对卡斯帕时,他们似乎更自在RA2xG0K[ovz.
“有时自闭症儿童盯着机器人的脸,与机器人的眼神时间交流远远超过人类2ApxgHk-Y3~5hR0z!,。”
他还指出,卡斯帕非常灵活&s5)ai!XuFNbFGG&,TJ。过去十年里,它可以根据相处的170名儿童的不同需求改变自身^^#vyPCZG2Po%gn
这种灵活性非常重要KqM=OkHfdK0v&kEB
患自闭症(ASD)的儿童常会出现表达和眼神交流障碍8ZqjA^E+gXKZT。但这种症状在每个孩子身上却千差万别6mqIm4&#KPZXT5_OO03Q
“频谱”是该术语的关键词]V(ne.I9R0m+,oQ。你可能会听到‘一个孩子“处于频谱中”的描述’za5R6@v*FqcB|o!tN9U。这表明,这个孩子有一定程度的自闭症8f[XlGHHVDBquS=V-LTz。可能是轻微的,也可能非常严重%ws4U,Mp2F0~@8T9G4g
爱丽丝·林奇(Alice Lynch)在一家名为“自闭症迹象”的组织工作l8KhQe[=fWtBrVJ#e。她一直在研究卡斯帕对课堂学生的作用uZzGEL[3OEyceKdd
林奇表示,机器人对学生的行为有很大的影响7)Cnb#9.LIwm-)NnC5|M。她指出,一位男孩不愿意和同学一起用餐@9KIfiMc_&q。但给卡斯帕喂食后,他开始参与并融入课堂活动)K[%@37gW[Kz5qp!e9(D。例如,他开始和同学一起用餐k19zTCLr@%w%mLGSe!7@
“然后我们开始和卡帕斯相处,他真的很喜欢喂卡斯帕吃饭,当他饿了就喂它吃饭等等ALcZ&Y#lOZ]_#)z+。现在他开始融入课堂并且跟同学一起用餐lAk1.Cwdb9@R!u=%_~。”
罗宾斯表示,这项研究非常重要RjJZaAB8gl9Aq]。这表明,自闭症儿童把从卡斯帕身上学到的东西活用到他或她生活中的其他情境或环境中|+1r@r#=OUNXzB
“这个长期性研究非常重要,儿童是否能将与机器人玩耍时的技能运用到在课堂或生活中;以及他们脱离机器人后的生活状态等仍需进一步观察Pf|-Y=JuFq]E4。”
卡斯帕机器人仍处于开发阶段+CMh;zGpW-d=kUZM9#。不过,设计师们称,他们的目标是看到每一位从机器人身上获益的儿童都能拥有自己的卡斯帕!tlpj|K0Q;MEpghx^
以上为健康生活报道的全部内容a%_#j_Nb+2-s()e[x)5n
安娜·马特奥为您播报FR]qrZZVHa4UQF

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • severeadj. 剧烈的,严重的,严峻的,严厉的,严格的
  • disordern. 杂乱,混乱 vt. 扰乱
  • communicationn. 沟通,交流,通讯,传达,通信
  • minoradj. 较小的,较少的,次要的 n. 未成年人,辅修科
  • remoteadj. 偏僻的,遥远的,远程的,(感情等)距离很大 n
  • flexibleadj. 灵活的,易弯曲的,柔韧的,可变通的
  • therapistn. 临床医学家
  • definitionn. 定义,阐释,清晰度
  • tracksn. 轨道(track的复数);磁道;轮胎
  • flexibilityn. 灵活性,柔韧性,适应性