VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):国家动物园猎豹幼崽萌翻网友
日期:2017-04-09 06:40

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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This is What's Trending Today.
The National Zoo in Washington, D.C. has a lot of cute animals.
The giant pandas from China are among the zoo's most popular animals. They receive thousands of visitors every year.
Many people were sad when Bao Bao, one of the most well-known pandas, left for China in February.
But there are other pandas living in Washington, and many other cute animals.
The National Zoological Park is part of the world-famous Smithsonian Institution.
This week, Smithsonian officials announced that 12 cheetahs were born last month at the zoo's research center in Virginia. They were born to two adult cheetahs, named Miti and Happy.
Miti actually had seven cubs, but two did not survive. Each mother now has two male and three female cubs.
The Smithsonian's Conservation Biology Institute in Virginia is not caring for cheetahs as a way to guarantee the arrival of more cute animals.
The institute's researchers are hoping to diversify the genetic code of cheetahs.
The Cheetah Conservation Fund and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature say a large number of cheetahs died about 10,000 years ago. Those that survived eventually helped the population recover.
But that caused what scientists call "a population bottleneck."
Of all the cheetahs alive today, many have the same or similar genetic qualities. That means many of the cheetahs suffer from the same problems. If there is a disease that spreads among the animals, many may die.
That is why the Smithsonian and other organizations are breeding cheetahs. They are choosing mates with diverse genes.
The effort is part of the Cheetah Species Survival Plan from the Association of Zoos and Aquariums.
The zoo released a video of the 10 surviving cubs. Some were lying next to each other and breathing loudly. They have light faces with dark markings. The fur covering their small bodies is a mixture of light brown and dark brown, and it looks soft.
The cubs will visit an animal doctor for the first time in just a few weeks. Until then, scientists are using a camera to observe their condition.
Many people were excited to see them.
On Twitter, the cheetah cubs were called "adorable," "awesome," and "little cutie-pies."
Cheetahs are also making news in Australia. A week earlier, five other cheetah cubs were born at a zoo near Adelaide.

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词汇解析

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1.cheetah n.猎豹

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Imagine you’re a cheetah and you see two juicy gazelles grazing in the grass.
想像你是一个猎豹, 你看见两只味道鲜美的瞪羚正在草地上吃草.

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2.cub n.幼崽

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...three five-week-old lion cubs.
…3只5周大的幼狮%w%yK2*~ND

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3.diversify vt.使……多样化

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The company's troubles started only when it diversified into new products.
该公司的麻烦从实现产品多样化时才开始1OjSivU2g_mE*mOhE

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4.bottleneck n.瓶颈

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He pushed everyone full speed ahead until production hit a bottleneck.
他敦促每个人全速前进,直到生产遇到瓶颈(PAU8E](9Y

内容解析

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1.The institute's researchers are hoping to diversify the genetic code of cheetahs.

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hope to do sth 希望做某事

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That’s what I hope to do.
这就是我希望要做的事情1e9LeqLHwXysRBX3VR

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The police hope to identify the body by the gold fillings in the teeth.
警方希望通过死者牙齿里的黄金填充物来辨认其身份N!2BKFZ^=,[&ss

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2.... a large number of cheetahs died about 10,000 years ago.

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a large number of... 很多……

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This is especially valuable for organizations with a large number of applications that cannot be all migrated at once.
对于那些具有很多应用程序,而又不能一次全部移植的组织来说是非常有用的fC]BZ3;HcRS

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I saw a large number of people.

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我看到很多人o+YNC#Ey9^lW;jh()

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参考译文

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这里是《今日热点》栏目.TK258.E7xHrDLu
华盛顿特区(Washington, D.C.)的美国国家动物园有很多可爱的动物lb@Fhgno-kxNq
来自中国的大熊猫就在国家动物园最受欢迎的动物之列wVp%cWy0+rZLd^bq)Td#。每年,大熊猫都会吸引成千上万的参观者nF;EWIH+2OzYvWLcfs%
很多人之前都很伤心,因为这里最出名的一只大熊猫宝宝已于2月返回中国P2d,QiyH9t7N(BW4DeNG
不过,华盛顿特区这里还有其他的熊猫,和很多其他也很可爱的动物|41yQ]5lR[g7;dbH

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美国国家动物园是世界知名的史密斯尼学会(Smithsonian Institution)的一部分~^s^s68S%|R]BHUV]7y
本周,史密斯尼学会的工作人员宣布,上个月,弗吉尼亚州的国家动物园研究中心降生了12只猎豹宝宝NP(YxT7UH9rQV3*I。这12只猎豹宝宝为2名成年猎豹所生,它们叫米蒂(Miti)和哈皮(Happy)U3o70=*,KU!GPO1z]aH
米蒂其实生了7只宝宝,但有2只夭折了9Tr9N9@=hSG*c(3XbVe。这两只猎豹妈妈现在各有2只公幼崽和3只母幼崽EhN(9-E3hoAm1I6NU1,Q
弗吉尼亚州的史密斯尼学会关爱猎豹并不是让更多可爱动物来到这里的一种手段I&vx-7sz|58D
该学会的研究人员只是希望能让猎豹的基因序列更加多样化djX_L-e^E*
猎豹保育基金会(Cheetah Conservation Fund)以及世界自然保护联盟(International Union for the Conservation of Nature)称,大约1万年前,有很多猎豹灭亡58UQvCqR(IBXYe,fw。而最终存活下来的猎豹帮助了这个种群的恢复;,3|xG![MTmdrgfQ+
但这引起了科学上的“种群瓶颈”(a population bottleneck)Y2|-T@,Q=O
今天我们看到的猎豹中,很多都有相同或相似的遗传品质vsw9Wp2Hlw。这就意味着,很多猎豹有相同的基因问题u[uE(zP;Z@。所以,如果一种疾病在猎豹中传播,那么很多猎豹都会死亡_[iTU!=uet~#v_T9]
这就是史密斯尼学会和其他组织机构养育猎豹的原因HpTIk46,3Uu。他们选择具有多样化基因的猎豹进行配对.8.[FjzJY;if(w,W
他们的工作也是猎豹物种生存计划(Cheetah Species Survival Plan)的一部分,该工作组来自动物园与水族馆协会(Association of Zoos and Aquariums)!VjUVGmFo,O
美国国家动物园发布了10只猎豹幼崽的视频rfN9)O9Fsj=w[N。(视频中,)一些猎豹幼崽挨着彼此躺着,大声地喘气.AHY![5d(wm。浅颜色的脸上有深色的斑纹Tu[a~h~7&dTa!VqCL。他们的体型很小,柔软的毛发是浅棕和深棕色的混合Yrl]x0p00W,+WQ
几周后,工作人员会带这些猎豹幼崽第一次见医生O_l9MD6dkN。在那之前,科研人员会用照相机来观察他们的情况MO,Li-IdJv2]-rL6XxNb
很多人见到这些幼崽都很兴奋I@ffz~ItIr_7
推特上的网友表示,这些猎豹幼崽“可爱”、“棒极了”、“小情人儿”FOI9CFFd@1
猎豹幼崽在澳大利亚也引起了反响IQ%MU~|.&W。一周前,澳大利亚港口城市阿德莱德(Adelaide)也降生了5只猎豹幼崽Kr6z.Qt*7Wi^3SI

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • coveringn. 覆盖物,遮避物 adj. 掩护的,掩盖的
  • geneticadj. 基因的,遗传的,起源的
  • associationn. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想
  • survivevt. 比 ... 活得长,幸免于难,艰难度过 vi.
  • guaranteen. 保证,保证书,担保,担保人,抵押品 vt. 保证,
  • eventuallyadv. 终于,最后
  • survivaln. 生存,幸存者
  • diversifyv. 使成形形色色,使多样化,使变化
  • speciesn. (单复同)物种,种类
  • observev. 观察,遵守,注意到 v. 评论,庆祝