VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):土耳其公投成败取决于社交媒体?
日期:2017-04-08 14:55

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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In less than two weeks, Turkish voters will decide whether to extend the powers of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
The constitutional referendum is set for April 16.
Public opinion studies show the vote will be close.
Most television news channels in Turkey broadcast at least three campaign speeches a day in support of a "Yes" vote on the presidential powers issue. The so-called "No" campaign gets only about 10 percent of the air time that the "Yes" vote gets.
So, the "no" campaign is turning increasingly to social media.
But that comes with risks.
Rights groups say prosecutors are targeting people who use social media to help the "no" campaign gain strength.
Ali Gul is a law student in Turkey. He made an internet video that explained why people should vote "no." The humorous video told of the dangers of putting too much power into one person's hands. At the end of the video, Gul asked, "Will I get arrested if this video is popular?"
Gul's video spread quickly on social media. Days later, he published another video. In it, he said he knew he would be soon be arrested.
"But it is not important, I am not afraid," he said. "The children and youth of this nation deserve freedom and happiness — and not fear, imprisonment and death."
Gul was later arrested but, apparently, not for the video. He was detained instead for Twitter messages the government says he wrote. The two-year-old tweets were considered insulting to the president -- a crime punishable by three years in jail.
Gul denies writing the tweets. But his lawyers say he is likely to remain detained for many months as he waits for a trial.
Gul is not alone. In the past six months, more than 2,500 people have been accused of insulting the president online.
Observers say such risks are likely to remain as the "power bill" campaign comes to an end.

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词汇解析

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1.extend vt.延伸,扩大

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This year they have introduced three new products to extend their range.
今年他们已引入了3种新产品以扩大他们的范围W37%]DX0~jCEP8ueffFT

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2.broadcast vt.广播,播送

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The concert will be broadcast live on television and radio.
音乐会将通过电视和电台现场直播ZU=3CO#9.k

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3.insult vt.侮辱,冒犯

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I did not mean to insult you.
我并非故意要冒犯你X.g^@,^IMR;

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4.detain vt.拘留,扣留

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Police have detained two suspects in connection with the attack.
警方拘留了2名与该袭击事件有关的嫌疑人[V-r=2YkSe4D^01x

内容解析

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1.Turkey is heading to a contentious April 16 referendum on constitutional reforms to expand President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's powers.

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head to 去往……,走向……

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But first we head to Hawaii, and an ambitious plan to harness the power of the waves.
但首先,我们会先去夏威夷,去完成一个利用海浪能量的大计划]tqpB.cZqniG6E

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If you’re indoors, go outdoors. Or head to the park.
如果你是在室内,那去户外呆会儿,或去公园散散步0IGvgWgME3SZ=iUc

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2.Observers say such risks are likely to remain as the "power bill" campaign comes to an end.

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be likely to do sth 很可能做某事

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Noticing that there was likely to be trouble, the coward sneaked away.
那个胆小鬼看到有可能发生骚乱时就溜开了HQ74,90,0Ka,B

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If you gallop through your work, you are more likely to make mistakes.
如果你匆匆完成你的工作,你就更可能出错了NEnq+C|8r.n#gl

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come to an end 结束,尘埃落定

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The story willcome to an end if the hero dies.

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如果男主死了,这个故事就结束了4dHzQ,xvpOaXXg

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Our love has alreadycome to an end.

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我们的爱情已经不再93SOvkHhW@P,X

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参考译文

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一周多后,土耳其的选民们就将决定是否扩大现任总统埃尔多安的权力rLLN7C;KR@ZK4h
修宪公投定于4月16日IAWI9dE7&(Yi^
民意调查显示投票期即将结束U+;RK+68^mn
土耳其的大多数电视新闻频道每天至少广播3次埃尔多安拉“赞成票”的演说CD,sR)x+tMs4HwlMp2。而所谓“反对票”宣传所占用的播出时间仅是“赞成票”播出时间的10%左右4~f%Y^_l]Uiq|Ri^.o8
所以,拉“反对票”的工作将更多重心放在了社交媒体上UnuU@I0vx5]!9j

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但这样做是有风险的@b*mhZNJ*1y-D.xEf
一些人权组织表示,检察官将注意力放在使用社交媒体的人身上,以助力“反对票”拉票工作壮大起来Amhv!&W45-HMKkAE455
古尔是土耳其的一名法律专业学生DVWO%^I(OufEW|。古尔制作了一个视频上传了互联网,视频讲解了投“反对票”的原因v^_xljEmoOP。这则视频幽默风趣,对一个人权力过大所引发的危险娓娓道来AYL0hR+vLWyYS,#y&^w]。视频结尾处,古尔还抛出了一个问题“如果这个视频火了,我会被逮捕吗?”
古尔的视频在社交媒体上迅速传播ZEn(FkrJOllSby);)m2。几天后,他又发布了另一个视频|E|2,PK4C#.z;E^SN。这个视频中,古尔说他知道自己就快被抓了chmv%(uB-6l
“但这不重要,我并不害怕,”古尔说z&maj2EE,sjVchtP。“土耳其的孩子和年轻人值得拥有自由和快乐——我们不该面临恐惧、监禁和死亡HinuTP4!!C*。”
后来古尔还是被逮捕了,但显然并不是因为视频的原因vwt6*nS~s!^。政府方面表示,古尔被逮捕是因为他写的推文内容1M[j)dw6r|mY*f3.e。这则推文时至今日已有2年之久,对总统埃尔多安造成了侮蔑性的影响——这项罪名可判刑入狱3年3oth74PIX]fF#i
古尔否认写过这样的推文-zmN34.2n*hh^。但古尔的律师表示,古尔在等待最终审讯前很可能要待在监狱数月之久=)+XP;8(abEkdk#y2IJV
古尔并不是一个人在战斗b3P4GO5)X&b~U(。在过去的半年中,已有2500多人因在互联网上冒犯总统埃尔多安而被控诉tU@Q~pCyh#cz17Sr1YR,
多位观察员表示,在“修宪公投”尘埃落定前,这样的风险可能一直存在^lj=-+!lE*_)IDd2eZW(

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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