VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):用循环处理的污水酿酒 味道更佳
日期:2017-04-01 15:21

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The program is called Pure Water San Diego. It wants to provide one-third of the city's water by 2035.
Working with Pure Water, the brewery used purified water that came from wastewater. Wastewater is water that has already been used for showers, washing dishes or flushing toilets.
Stone is a large brewery. It has customers across the U.S. and Europe. Along with its original California location, Stone also has breweries in Richmond, Virginia, and Berlin, Germany. Some of their beers are among the best in the United States.
So it was a big deal when Stone released a special beer called Full Circle Pale Ale in March. Many websites and newspapers wrote about the beer. They reported that it was made from "toilet water." Local television stations recorded people's reactions as they tasted the beer.
The story went viral.
The mayor of San Diego took a sip, and said "that'll work, that'll work."
Brewer Steve Gonzalez described the beer by saying it had "caramel" and "tropical fruit" flavors.
Stone Brewing later wrote a blog post saying it was not happy with all of the news coverage – especially reports that centered on the idea of "toilet water." But it was happy that the experiment was a success.
The beer was only made for a special event. Stone Brewing is not permitted to sell it in stores or at the brewery's restaurant.
But other brewers around the country are taking notice.
Kevin Ryan created Service Brewing Company in the southeastern U.S. state of Georgia because he loved making beer for friends and family. They told him his beer was so good, he should go into the business. So he did.
Ryan knows how important water is to the beer business.
"The southeast is always back-and-forth between drought and recovering from drought," Ryan said. "As we can afford, we will try to be responsible consumers of that water. I think it's great that somebody who's established can use their platform to do the testing and demonstrate that you can make great beer with reclaimed water."
Ben Cook started Hangar 24, a brewery in Redlands, California. One of Hangar 24's well-known beers is a wheat beer made with locally grown oranges. He was glad that Stone Brewing's experiment got attention.
"I have a biology background," Cook said. "And water is water. It is H20, along with any minerals that are in it. I see no problem with it. But the public perception, because they don't know that it's just as clean as tap water, appears to be still pretty bad."
Cook said if his customers better understood how clean reclaimed wastewater really is, he would have "no problem" brewing beer with that kind of water.
"If there's something that's better for the environment that we can afford to do, we always opt in," Cook said.
Other American brewers have also experimented with reclaimed-water beer.
Researchers and brewers in the state of Arizona are working on a water-saving project. They received $250,000 to promote the use of reclaimed water. They are treating and using wastewater that will be used to make beer across the state this summer.
And last year, small brewers in Florida experimented with making beer from reclaimed water. They taste-tested their work at a large water-treatment conference.

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词汇解析

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1.brew vt.酿造,冲泡,酝酿,筹划

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I brew my own beer.
我酿造自己的啤酒5P&dRd1+~u]HXh8

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2.ingredient n.原料,要素

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ix in the remaining ingredients.
掺入剩下的原料hH_805Db1Qi@9

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3.filter vt.过滤

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The best prevention for cholera is to boil or filter water, and eat only well-cooked food.
预防霍乱最好的方法是把水煮沸或过滤,并且只吃煮熟的食物9~i)3hJ_+zJ^~icx;tv

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4.flush vt.冲(马桶等)

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She flushed the toilet and went back in the bedroom.
她冲了马桶,然后回到卧室YkITBqb|(bW88#W;vRHO

内容解析

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1.Brewers say you need up to five liters of water to make one liter of beer.

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up to 多达,达到

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The number is up to 50.

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数量达到了50.

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He hasup to 33 books.

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他有33本书^1x|Oo|qvNWSTH

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2.Many websites and newspapers wrote about the beer.

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write about 写关于……的文章

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Everything you write about should have an angle.
不论写些什么,你都得有个角度&IN,hQ#3S6DepH

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Through your insights or your take on something, the reader can connect with the experience you write about.
读者能够透过你对某一样事物的理解和看法,跟你的写作经验产生共鸣9m%h28e5w^MvxWE2Q

参考译文

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啤酒是世界上最流行的饮品之一^HK3rHv]QLWF4。甚至可以说,人类最早酿造或者说制作的饮品中也包括啤酒Kg~sA5E)Q+_kXi;zwB
啤酒最重要的成分之一是水9AsxOoNl4Q+G,PJULv.。很多酒厂都表示,酿1升啤酒需要多达5升水W5*(~h#G!=H4F
那么如果水资源不足,大家就不酿酒了吗?
一些酒厂早就想到了这个可能性Bfmqyo|,%C3o。所以一些城市的人正在进行试验,将收集到的雨水进行过滤,用来酿酒nbztO8tNUIqrXH3P
酒厂还收集雨水和酿酒过程中其他水,便于酿酒厂内部自用;N|dowZ^AQXJg
内华达山脉酒厂是加州的知名酒厂c)m8)w2X.m。这家酒厂在北卡罗来纳州也建有新址x.q~!Nx!]U.;。该酒厂就用雨水来进行清洁和冲洗厕所!GRxAMpN0Al@J+7VL0z
因为酒厂明白节约用水的重要性kh2W0MgG&EaGBZY38H。没有水,就酿不了酒p;Rw*UKtkWy[F%Ay!

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这也是加州圣地亚哥附近的石头啤酒公司(Stone Brewing Company)与当地某水处理项目合作来酿酒的原因&LY@N0FHH-a2Hg~3
这个水处理项目名为“圣地亚哥纯净水”4C*)DZJ3pZVhMqg#lZ。该项目旨在于2035年之前为圣地亚哥补给1/3的水C*xIHBi[(l3w&
该酒厂与“纯净水”项目合作,使用通过处理废水得来的纯净水%(IN,.ABEh[V9,~Q。所谓废水是指洗浴、洗碗、冲厕所用过的水osXg!7N~P=@J|vs_
Stone是一家大型酒厂yyaY%9M=,AnSRbt0TXm。其顾客遍布美国和欧洲cR6DxjhtW*WqI。除了最开始在加州的地址之外,Stone还在弗吉尼亚州的里士满和德国的柏林有分址!m-7)Xe4z^8。他们的一些牌子是美国酒类中名列前茅(n5py9v=y+,P
这也是Stone3月份宣布特色啤酒“全循环淡啤酒”后引起轩然大波的原因4~G5)4I_)ni2。很多网媒和报社都写了关于这个特色啤酒的报道omF!qo-QgG*W8*|ZL。报道写道,这种酒是用“厕所水”制成的wj8)WEl[=I1yRqr。当地的电视台记录了大家尝酒后的反应]Qk;mo4[cNg~Z1
这件事广为流传#U-|yrCS;Va(
圣地亚哥市长尝了一口后说,“棒极了,简直棒极了nlynvpCYGSODr,r9。”
酒厂史蒂夫是这样形容这种酒的,“有焦糖和热带水果”的味道5miO-lYFr_eujmRrF(
Stone随后发了一篇博客表示,对于新闻媒体的报道并不感到开心,尤其是很多报道的关注点都在“厕所水”的尝试上dCfedxc-&(Zr。但Stone感到高兴的是,这次试验非常成功F|)7@IxU[~tMltNbq0d
这种酒只用于特殊场合Jm+TD1vC.u=)l)uw*34。Stone是不可以将这种酒出售给商店或者啤酒厂餐厅的jf+vs(A-l#Dw%
不过美国其他的酒厂开始对此事关注起来了KtcWEC|!ByHU+
凯文是Service Brewing Company酒厂的创始人,这家酒厂位于美国佐治亚州东南部kKqK@n^fAdh&。当初凯文创建酒厂的初衷是因为他喜欢为朋友和家人制酒Rally^D+|DC。大家都说他酿的酒很好喝,还说他应该拿这个做生意gyb~lh![U_。于是凯文真的这样做了epF&ps|+9QLkVGtdNJ
凯文知道对于酿酒厂来说,水是有多么的重要FDGyGVNGCC
“佐治亚州东南部时常遭遇旱灾,”莱恩说H]sT.Kya#aE%*LX7。“在我们的能力范围之内,我们会竭尽全力地节约用水EmHG46n7|w(LmA3+5I;^。我觉得有一些酒厂的人能用自己的平台来做实验,来证明用循环水能酿出味道绝佳的酒,这样很好8)(q.xD[Tl。”
本是Hangar 24酒厂的创始人,酒厂选址于加州的雷德兰兹wp1R-HV2!bsXG。Hangar 24有一款酒很出名,这款酒是用当地的橙子做的小麦啤酒M)al_3swOol。本对于Stone实验得到大家关注的事情感到很高兴&IgV_i!sp@zqP=gI
“我是有生物学背景的,”本说#=zuf-ovj_e4pPB。“所以说,水就是简单的水,是H20和很多矿物质的集合Q|YCKuq]!gULIsD5b。我本人是很清楚这一点的nfWfWyJN6Ea.dG]2E。但是在公众的认知里,经过处理的污水并不是跟自来水一样干净的,这种认知很不好e[Bv2rRWKk8。”
本还说,如果自己的消费者能更好地理解循环处理过的污水有多么干净的话,他酿造这种“循环酒”就“根本不会有问题”了SpjEqI(jQXF|.*Dq.
“在力所能及的范围内能为改善环境做的事,我们都会加入的,”本说AJ=_hJAo4)!&%u%!
还有一些美国酒厂也用循环处理的水进行试验,酿造了啤酒y_HufU=S9fLD90A(p
亚利桑那州的一些研究人员和酒厂正在着手一个节约用水的项目_wsE.yG,;vhHy!WxMd。他们将募集到的25万美元用于提升循环水的使用ytIk4DI1.J@APp4^cU。今年夏天,他们会对污水进行处理,并将处理后的水用于酿酒^2v!Bq3A^#7
而就在去年,佛罗里达州的一些小型酒厂也用循环处理后的水进行酿酒试验Q7C]r_~nu]x6XD。他们还在某大型水处理会议上对工作成果进行了试尝Dk|0AIYZoFh!y%

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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