US Doctors Successfully Operate on Baby With Four Legs
Doctors at an American hospital have successfully operated on a baby born with four legs and two spines.
The 10-month old baby girl is known only as ‘Dominique' from Ivory Coast. She is reported to be recovering well.
Doctors separated her from a parasitic twin in a complex operation on March 8 at Advocate Children's Hospital in Park Ridge, Illinois.
Hospital officials say the operation lasted six hours. It involved five surgeons and many other healthcare workers.
The bottom half of the not-fully-developed twin's body was sticking out from Dominque's neck and back. The twin was dependent on Dominque's body and could not survive independently.
Dr. John Ruge is a child care specialist.
"This is a situation where identical twins failed to separate. And, the separation, it can be connected in a variety of different manners."
Dominique was born with two spinal columns. Without an operation her life would likely not be a long one with physical problems and pain, doctors said. They were concerned about the pressure put upon Dominique's back and organs.
Doctor Ruge says her heart and lungs were working to support two bodies.
"It is as if the twin, from the waist down, had been attached to the back of Dominique's neck. And, there was a pelvis and bladder, and functional legs that moved, and feet coming out of the back of Dominique's neck. Now, this made it extremely dangerous for Dominique."
Doctors used imaging equipment to create a three-dimensional model of her two spines. A second bladder behind the extra legs had to be removed.
The team of surgeons performed a test operation to prepare for the surgery. In the real operation, doctors disconnected nerves and blood passages to prevent feelings of numbness or even paralysis.
Dr. Frank Vicari was also part of the surgical team.
"So, we took her to the operating room. We approached the problem, the critical part being at the base of the junction of the two spines and the abnormal pelvis. And, once we had control of that, I think it was pretty clear to most people in the operating room that we were going to be able to accomplish this surgery."
Dominique was able to sit up the day after the surgery and was released from the hospital five days later. She is now recovering at the home of a foster family in Chicago. They will care for her until she is well enough to return home to her family in Africa.
Doctors do believe that baby Dominique will be able to have a normal and productive life.
I'm Marsha James.
1.parasitic twin 寄生胎儿
His explanation is suggestive of fetus in fetu(fetus within in a fetus), sometimes known as a "parasitic twin".
2.sit up 熬夜；端坐
Her head spins dizzily as soon as she sits up.
3.foster family 寄养家庭
Luo's foster family agreed to cooperate to look for Luo's birth parents.
4.stick out 突出；醒目
She made a face and stuck out her tongue at him
1.They were concerned about the pressure put upon Dominique's back and organs.
put upon 欺骗；使...成为牺牲品
Volunteers from all walks of life are feeling put upon.
He believes we were put upon this earth for a purpose.
2.And, the separation, it can be connected in a variety of different manners."
a variety of 多种多样的
We're moving forward on a variety of fronts.
We have had occasion to deal with members of the group on a variety of charges.
这位来自科特迪瓦的女婴只有10个月大，名叫“多米尼克” 。有消息称，目前她的恢复状况良好 。
医院的工作人员称，手术时间长达6小时 。5名外科医师及多名医护人员参与了这场手术 。
寄生婴儿未能正常发育，其下半身从多米尼克的颈部和背部突出来 。寄生婴儿只能依靠多米尼克的身体且无法独立生存 。
约翰·鲁格（John Ruge）博士是儿童保健专家 。
“这种情况通常是同卵双胞胎没有正常分离 。此外，这种分离是以各种不同的方式连接起来 。”
多米尼克出生时有两根脊柱 。医生表示，基于目前的情况，如果不进行手术，她将不久于人世 。他们十分担忧多米尼克背部和器官所承受的压力 。
“就好像这个寄生婴儿从腰部以下都生长在多米尼克颈椎后面 。寄生婴儿的骨盆、膀胱、错位的双腿及双脚都是从多米尼克颈椎后面生长出来的 。对于多米尼克来说，这种处境十分危险 。”
医生使用成像设备，创建了多米尼克两根脊柱的三维模型 。另外，寄生双腿的后面的膀胱须移除 。
为了充分准该手术，外科医生团队进行了一场临床试验 。在正式的手术过程中，为避免麻木的感觉甚至瘫痪的风险，医生阻隔了神经和血管 。
弗兰克·维卡里（Frank Vicari）博士也是其中的一名医生 。
“因此，我们把她推进手术室，这场手术的关键在于两根脊柱和异常骨盆结合处的基部 。只要掌控好这个部分，我想手术室的大多数医务人员都了解，我们就能顺利做完这场手术 。”
手术后的次日，多米尼克已经能够坐起身，五天后就出院了 。现在，她在芝加哥的寄养家中调养身体 。这家人会一直照顾她，直到她完全康复返回非洲老家 。