VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):民意调查 加拿大市民担心移民会降低安全系数
日期:2017-03-24 17:50

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A new public opinion study shows many Canadians are unhappy about people entering Canada illegally from the United States.
Such border-crossers are mostly people from the Middle East and Africa. Some say they traveled to Canada because they were afraid the U.S. government would return them to their home countries.
News services report that the number of refugees entering Canada rose sharply in the first two months of 2017.
In January and February, Canadian police caught over 1,000 people crossing into Canada without permission. In all of 2016, that number was just over 2,000.
So far this year, about 5,500 people have requested Canada accept them as refugees. Only 20 percent of them have been stopped at the border.
If the trend continues, more than 30,000 people will attempt to get refugee status in Canada this year. That would be 40 percent more than last year.
Due to the surge of refugees, the Reuters news agency asked Canadians what they think of people who come into Canada without permission.
The study found that many Canadians think the country will not be as safe as in the past if the foreigners are permitted to stay.
About 1,000 people were questioned.
Almost half said the migrants should be returned to the U.S. About the same number said they did not agree with the way Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is dealing with the issue.
About 400 people said they thought migrants coming into Canada from the U.S. would make the country less safe.
Last month, Reuters went to the small central border town of Emerson, Manitoba. The U.S. states of Minnesota and North Dakota are south of the town.
Jamie French lives in Emerson. She says last month, a group of 16 migrants came to the door of her house early in the morning. She said she was frightened.
Emerson's emergency coordinator said none of the migrants have caused any trouble, so far. Some, however, have needed medical treatment after spending hours outside in freezing temperatures.
The increasing numbers of people crossing into Canada can be costly for these border towns.
For example, it costs Emerson $500 every time police call firefighters to help treat the health problems of migrants.
Jacqueline Reimer runs a restaurant in Emerson. She has fed some of the migrants for free. She says she wants them to feel welcome. But she also says she wonders why the Canadian government does not do more to help Canada's homeless citizens.
Some Canadians also expressed worry that even larger number of people will try to cross the border as the weather warms.
I'm Kelly Jean Kelly.

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词汇解析

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1.costly adj.昂贵的,代价高的

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It has been rather costly to install the machinery, but it should pay off in the long run.
安装这套机械代价很高,但从长远来看它会赚钱的*~NuL-.!#c%oc9

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2.sharply adv.急剧地

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The funds rose sharply.
资金急剧增长;PSGWAbui5WZ~rJl%sgW

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3.permission n.允许,许可

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With your permission, he'll go.
如果你允许,他会去的FMbMPLFg#5q

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4.frightened adj.恐惧的,害怕的

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The child felt frightened when he saw the big fire. 
见到大火, 那孩子感到恐惧oP_4X;m;K@x3

内容解析

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1.A new public opinion study shows many Canadians are unhappy about people entering Canada illegally from the United States.

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be unhappy about 对……不开心/反感/不快

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Someone was apparently unhappy about the outcome.
显然是有人对这个结果心怀不满Od8c9hvRvE7(FI8e[=L!
The plan has encountered opposition in Congress, particularly from those who are unhappy about handing more power to the Fed.
此计划在国会中遇到了反对,尤其是那些对因给了联邦储备局更大权利而不快的议员j=A|ef*b5U^t9[(lW5

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2.If the trend continues, more than 30,000 people will attempt to get refugee status in Canada this year.

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attempt to do sth 试图做某事

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These books attempt to explain why that is, and what, if anything, should be done about it.
这些书试图解释为什么会那样,如果能做的话应该做什么[WwCS,r^#^P]%0

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“We shall attempt to answer it in this book, ” he wrote.
“我们将试图在这本书中回答这个问题”,他说道xe)hn|4W~zuiXp6oo..

参考译文

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一项民意调查显示,很多加拿大人不喜欢从美国过来的非法移民~bptY5hNWhR[8BS=Acv
大多数这样的移民者来自中东和非洲wX7&(8ED_h&[。一些人说,他们移民到加拿大是因为他们害怕美国政府会将他们遣返回国uEG9ubY)q|
据新闻机构报道,移民到加拿大的难民数量在2017年的前2个月急剧上升b0]XInP=7v7CtQgiN!(
2017年1月、2月,加拿大警方逮捕了1000多名未经许可进入加拿大境内的人z5SWEnmk[#r0OlE+W。而2016年全年,这一数字仅有2000多C-Nr()fiIWbR

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今年到目前为止,已有近5500人发出申请,请求加拿大接收自己为难民%6f7s[0-ygLhR=。其中只有20%的人被拒8=.4~_bkL^lz4PUPpJ
如果事态继续这样发展下去,今年将会有3万多人试图申请加拿大的难民资格3fwS=9Id[f-3m|hqiG8o。这一数字将比去年多40%5ctbug#jmy]dKsPQy
由于难民数量激增,路透社采访了加拿大人关于他们对未经许可进入加拿大的人的感受2g2-0j1hLA]j5YYVfBtf
研究表明,很多加拿大人认为,如果外国人被许可入境,那么加拿大不会有过去那样安全了%F)@w|g;*f4_qNe
民意调查人数有近1000人[*zESiP^N~st^1[4C=z
有近一半人表示,这些移民应该被遣送回美国(mFo1se+o2Xxh。也有近一半人表示,他们不赞成总理特鲁多(Justin Trudeau)对这件事情的处理方式xYc;6x5_.v=z0r9aQ
近400人表示,他们认为从美国过来的移民会让加拿大的安全度降低-KtQrG!2DCc
上个月,路透社实地去往马尼托巴省紧靠美国边境的小镇艾默生(Emerson)2CU[z@_3VNNV。而美国的明尼苏达州和北达科他州就在小镇南部=iHwp6Tq4sv^|q6EsN
杰米是艾默生的居民*W)ysB3p+=c。她说,上个月的某天早上,有16个移民一起来到她家门口P19i@srB;7PvkMo*。她说当时很害怕fVG5PKW,-&m)
艾默生镇的应急协调员表示,目前这些难民没有惹是生非过Ov2idyH#7!af[*e,h。只不过其中的一些人在冰天雪地中呆了数个小时后可能需要医疗救助_SR6~8A5Xo
对于加拿大的这些边境小镇来说,跨境进入的移民数量激增是巨大的成本sHj5a~ttHP*|
比如,每次艾默生镇都要出资500美元来请消防队帮助治疗生病的移民o7oz-uPo|Qb[]OfQi*!
杰奎琳是艾默生镇某餐馆的老板NQI_1tct]rT_pK。她已经免费为一些难民供食dQRa4c9zDbvFLA;w。杰奎琳说自己希望这些移民感到他们是受欢迎的OOcS9mJc_!;=jR8E。但她也表示,她好奇为何加拿大政府不采取更多举措来帮助这些无家可归的人uqXGhn%|jc)N
一些加拿大人也表达了自己的担心:随着天气转暖,会有更多移民跨境来到加拿大QV*I3mYtaH3r
Kelly Jean Kelly为您播报+ADInqW)Qto2eNR]

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • machineryn. (总称)机器,机械
  • permittedadj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)
  • dealingn. 经营方法,行为态度 (复数)dealings:商务
  • unhappyadj. 不快乐的,不高兴的
  • frightenedadj. 受惊的,受恐吓的
  • oppositionn. 反对,敌对,在野党
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮
  • costlyadj. 昂贵的,代价高的
  • fundsn. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金
  • outcomen. 结果,后果