Norway First on List of Happiest Countries
People in Norway are the happiest in the world.
That finding comes from a report released this week. It shows Norwegians are happier, on average, than people in over 150 countries.
Over 1,000 individuals were asked to rate their own happiness levels on a scale of 1-to-10. Norwegians had an average happiness rating of 7.537. That is just a little higher than people in Denmark. Danes had a rating of 7.522 in the survey.
The 2017 World Happiness Report shows the six happiest countries are all in northern Europe. Norway had been the fourth-happiest country last year, while Denmark was rated number one.
This year, Canada is the seventh happiest, while New Zealand and Australia are in eighth and ninth place.
A group of social scientists carried out the survey. Their findings were based on a simple question. They asked the subjects to imagine a ladder with 10 steps. The top of the ladder was "the best possible life," and the bottom was the worst.
Then, the people were asked: "On which step would you say you personally stand at this time?"
The new report said the least happy country was the Central African Republic, one of the poorest areas in the world.
Syria was 152nd on the list. The Syrian civil war began over five years ago, and the fighting continues.
While the study's question is simple, the social scientists worked hard to understand why some people feel happy, and others do not. They decided six factors were partly responsible for one's happiness. The six were: national wealth, life expectancy, honesty in government, freedom to make life choices, generosity and having a strong social network.
Based on those factors, people in Latin America appeared to be about half a point happier than they should be. But the opposite is true in Asia.
Meik Wiking directs the Happiness Research Institute in Denmark. He did not mind that Denmark lost its top ranking.
"I don't think Denmark has a monopoly on happiness," he said. "What works in the Nordic countries is a sense of community and understanding in the common good."
The United States came in 14th place, with a happiness rating of 6.993. That is one step lower than last year.
Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University helped write the report. He said there are a number of reasons why Americans are not as happy as before.
Sachs said the country is becoming meaner. He also thinks the government is becoming more corrupt, and there is less equality among U.S. residents than in the past.
"It's a long-term trend, and conditions are getting worse," Sachs said.
I'm Anne Ball.
1.A group of 一群；一组
Suddenly the door opened and a group of children burst in.
2.carried out 实施；进行
Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
3.national wealth 国民财富
If the dollar continues to devalue, the China national wealth is not a good news.
4.life expectancy 预期寿命
They had longer life expectancies than their parents.
1.It shows Norwegians are happier, on average, than people in over 150 countries.
on average 平均；普通
American shares rose, on average, by 38%
On average, American firms remain the most productive in the world.
2."It's a long-term trend, and conditions are getting worse," Sachs said.
long-term trend 长期趋势
Neither the fundamentals of China's economic and social development nor its positive long-term trend has changed.
This is a long-term trend and has nothing to do with the crisis.
这是本周一份报告所公布的内容 。报告显示，平均来看，挪威人比其他150多个国家的人们更加幸福 。
调查要求，1000多名受访者以1到10分的标准表示自己的幸福程度 。挪威人的平均幸福指数为7.537，略高与丹麦 。丹麦人的幸福指数为7.522 。
2017年全球幸福报告显示，排名前6位的均为北欧国家 。去年，挪威位居最幸福国家第4位，而丹麦位居首位 。
一批社会科学家主导了这项调查 。他们的研究基于一个简单的问题 。他们让被受访者想象一架10级台阶的梯子 。梯子顶端是最美好的生活，梯子底部是最糟糕的生活 。
叙利亚位列第152位 。5年前叙利亚开始内战，战火一直延续到了今日 。
虽然研究的问题简单，不过社会科学家们正努力了解为何有些人感到幸福，而其他人不幸福 。他们觉得一个人的幸福与6种因素有关 。它们分别为国家财富、预期寿命、政府诚信、人生选择自由、慷慨及强大的社会网络 。
麦克.维京（Meik Wiking）是丹麦幸福研究机构的负责人 。此番丹麦跌落榜首，他毫不介意 。
他表示：“丹麦并没有垄断幸福 。真正起作用的是北欧国家的社区意识与共同利益观念 。”
哥伦比亚大学的杰弗里·萨克斯（Jeffrey Sachs）帮助撰写了这份报告 。他说，美国人没有以前幸福的原因有很多 。
萨克斯表示，现在的美国变得越来越冷漠 。政府也愈加腐败，美国民众也更加不平等 。