VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):"世界最幸福国家"榜单出炉 挪威居首
日期:2017-03-23 08:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Norway First on List of Happiest Countries
People in Norway are the happiest in the world.
That finding comes from a report released this week. It shows Norwegians are happier, on average, than people in over 150 countries.
Over 1,000 individuals were asked to rate their own happiness levels on a scale of 1-to-10. Norwegians had an average happiness rating of 7.537. That is just a little higher than people in Denmark. Danes had a rating of 7.522 in the survey.
The 2017 World Happiness Report shows the six happiest countries are all in northern Europe. Norway had been the fourth-happiest country last year, while Denmark was rated number one.
This year, Canada is the seventh happiest, while New Zealand and Australia are in eighth and ninth place.
A group of social scientists carried out the survey. Their findings were based on a simple question. They asked the subjects to imagine a ladder with 10 steps. The top of the ladder was "the best possible life," and the bottom was the worst.
Then, the people were asked: "On which step would you say you personally stand at this time?"
The new report said the least happy country was the Central African Republic, one of the poorest areas in the world.
Syria was 152nd on the list. The Syrian civil war began over five years ago, and the fighting continues.
While the study's question is simple, the social scientists worked hard to understand why some people feel happy, and others do not. They decided six factors were partly responsible for one's happiness. The six were: national wealth, life expectancy, honesty in government, freedom to make life choices, generosity and having a strong social network.
Based on those factors, people in Latin America appeared to be about half a point happier than they should be. But the opposite is true in Asia.
Meik Wiking directs the Happiness Research Institute in Denmark. He did not mind that Denmark lost its top ranking.
"I don't think Denmark has a monopoly on happiness," he said. "What works in the Nordic countries is a sense of community and understanding in the common good."
The United States came in 14th place, with a happiness rating of 6.993. That is one step lower than last year.
Jeffrey Sachs of Columbia University helped write the report. He said there are a number of reasons why Americans are not as happy as before.
Sachs said the country is becoming meaner. He also thinks the government is becoming more corrupt, and there is less equality among U.S. residents than in the past.
"It's a long-term trend, and conditions are getting worse," Sachs said.
I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.A group of 一群;一组

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Suddenly the door opened and a group of children burst in.
门突然打开,闯进了一群孩子wS7t2__s(|*#jqLx8r1

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2.carried out 实施;进行

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Forensic experts carried out a painstaking search of the debris.
法医专家对残骸进行了极其仔细的搜索B10=l#RmG+B(O[

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3.national wealth 国民财富

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If the dollar continues to devalue, the China national wealth is not a good news.
如果让美元不断的贬值,对中国国民财富也不是一个好消息吧.z4B*aGDhvB,n%8W

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4.life expectancy 预期寿命

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They had longer life expectancies than their parents.
他们比上一辈人的预期寿命要长xtGnVR[EMw

内容解析

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1.It shows Norwegians are happier, on average, than people in over 150 countries.

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on average 平均;普通

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American shares rose, on average, by 38%
美国股票价格平均上涨了38%!ud[A.+b&c,RkaL
On average, American firms remain the most productive in the world.
总体来讲,美国公司在全球范围内还是产值最高5|uB!7)B6V

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2."It's a long-term trend, and conditions are getting worse," Sachs said.

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long-term trend 长期趋势

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Neither the fundamentals of China's economic and social development nor its positive long-term trend has changed.
我国经济社会发展的基本面和长期向好的趋势没有改变=Fn]YetSUX]
This is a long-term trend and has nothing to do with the crisis.
这是一种长期趋势,与本次危机无关9cVxz*%]E0Ks

参考译文

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“世界最幸福国家”榜单出炉 挪威居首
挪威国民成全球最幸福的人群(jEmG^;w=2yGu-NScDi]
这是本周一份报告所公布的内容b[*l-ejQojXW#Y。报告显示,平均来看,挪威人比其他150多个国家的人们更加幸福RnNUTvAHy9htpjTA5
调查要求,1000多名受访者以1到10分的标准表示自己的幸福程度H#4dSZPEot6*Q+k。挪威人的平均幸福指数为7.537,略高与丹麦We[04+gGYj4^(ahKC8,p。丹麦人的幸福指数为7.522*%c#k+N~B]u;

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挪威成全球最幸福国家.png
2017年全球幸福报告显示,排名前6位的均为北欧国家19~itFCRH3P。去年,挪威位居最幸福国家第4位,而丹麦位居首位)N_Aer6!X]5WKAgn=
今年,加拿大位居最幸福国家第7位,而新西兰和澳大利亚分居第8位和第9位6Y#wWuq3~]e^qr!R3
一批社会科学家主导了这项调查1vfeW5w,L+K#G&X。他们的研究基于一个简单的问题lgHXmZ=cVr。他们让被受访者想象一架10级台阶的梯子MAw8Z0X=9&Lhd#X4YJi。梯子顶端是最美好的生活,梯子底部是最糟糕的生活5V[v3i+zD8&OCgcsS
之后他们需要回答:“你觉得你现在处于哪一级台阶?”
这项新报告显示,幸福指数最低的国家是中非共和国——全球最贫穷的地区之一%k2.7]ruWnqY3Z
叙利亚位列第152位U|;B=FO]P~Mra]0Mi。5年前叙利亚开始内战,战火一直延续到了今日M!&&[yV]JaJ6
虽然研究的问题简单,不过社会科学家们正努力了解为何有些人感到幸福,而其他人不幸福R68EJ|8|o(Ul18nW~=。他们觉得一个人的幸福与6种因素有关|R#~QlDAKbl%EY10Z。它们分别为国家财富、预期寿命、政府诚信、人生选择自由、慷慨及强大的社会网络P==DPuQSZNGsw
基于这些因素,拉丁美洲人的幸福指数似乎比预期高出了0.5分左右,而亚洲人恰恰相反*qaBSQVTP!_u
麦克.维京(Meik Wiking)是丹麦幸福研究机构的负责人G_3194;7c4Vl_G#-xO~。此番丹麦跌落榜首,他毫不介意(#cEhM5H&pI*H
他表示:“丹麦并没有垄断幸福|8W9Z_=EYi!QDt]。真正起作用的是北欧国家的社区意识与共同利益观念M4!OZSIWkQI7ZodVhsqE。”
美国以6.993的幸福指数位居第14位,比去年降了1位2uTVbS7+mW674-a
哥伦比亚大学的杰弗里·萨克斯(Jeffrey Sachs)帮助撰写了这份报告#9[2%GM8j!*kTJS81(。他说,美国人没有以前幸福的原因有很多;axQ4dO^~,SVFDo
萨克斯表示,现在的美国变得越来越冷漠qD!2pRMAUDw(。政府也愈加腐败,美国民众也更加不平等F~r4[j(wIp
萨克斯表示:“这是一种长期趋势,情况正变得越来越糟糕q6RAZxw4mJ~p^L。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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