California to Approve Testing of Truly Driverless Cars
California is set to open its roads up for the first time to self-driving vehicles with no human drivers.
The Department of Motor Vehicles announced plans to allow testing on state roads later this year of truly driverless cars.
Until now, California has only allowed testing of autonomous vehicles with a driver ready to take over if something goes wrong.
The proposed change would allow testing of vehicles with no steering wheel or pedal controls. However, any driverless vehicle being tested must be remotely controllable and able to stop itself in an emergency.
A hearing will be held next month to get public comments on the issue before the change can take effect. Officials say they hope the new rules can receive final approval by December.
The proposed rules open the path for self-driving cars to be widely sold and used throughout the state, officials said. Truly driverless vehicles could be available for sale in California as early as 2018.
The cars must also meet all federal safety requirements to be allowed on California roads.
The U.S. government released its own set of guidelines for driverless vehicles last September. Officials said the guidelines were intended to bring about a "responsible introduction" of autonomous technology in a "safe, clean, efficient" way.
California is the largest automobile market in the United States. Currently, 27 companies have permission to test autonomous vehicles on the state's public roads. These include major U.S. and foreign carmakers, as well as technology companies like Google and Uber.
Ride-sharing company Uber was forced to pull its test cars out of California last December after a dispute with officials over required permits. Uber had argued it did not need state permits for testing because its vehicles were not "fully autonomous."
But last week, Uber finally gave in to state officials and got the required permit to test its self-driving cars in California.
I'm Bryan Lynn.
1.self-driving vehicles 无人驾驶汽车
The car company see the technology as a stepping stone towards a future of fully, self-driving vehicles.
2.pull out 退出；撤离
The World Bank should pull out of the project.
3.Until now 到目前为止；现在
They have threatened military action but held off until now.
4.gave in 屈服；妥协
I simply gave in to him, and I've regretted it ever since.
1.However, any driverless vehicle being tested must be remotely controllable and able to stop itself in an emergency.
in an emergency 在紧急情况下
She is calm and resourceful in an emergency.
He has the wit to act quickly and reasonably in an emergency.
2.Until now, California has only allowed testing of autonomous vehicles with a driver ready to take over if something goes wrong.
take over 接管；接收
The Belgians took over Rwanda under a League of Nations mandate.
His widow has taken over the running of his empire, including six London theatres.
这一提案将允许不设方向盘与控制踏板的车辆上路进行测试 。然而，进行测试的无人驾驶车辆必须要远程控制且在紧急情况下可自动停车 。
下月将会举行一场听证会，征求公众对该提案的意见，之后方案才能生效 。官员表示，他们希望这项新规可在12月前获得最终批准 。
官员还表示，为无人驾驶汽车开放道路的提案将在该州广泛推广和使用 。无人驾驶车辆最早将于2018年在加州出售 。
去年9月，美国政府发布了一套无人驾驶车辆准则 。有官员表示，该准则旨在以“安全、清洁、高效”的方式“负责任地”引入无人驾驶技术 。
加州是美国规模最大的汽车市场 。目前已经有27家公司获得在加州公路测试无人驾驶车辆的许可，包括国内外的主要汽车制造商以及Google和Uber 。
去年12月，共享乘车公司Uber因所需许可证与官员发生争议后，被勒令将无人测试汽车撤出加州 。Uber公司认为无人驾驶车辆并非完全自主驾驶，因此无需获得州级许可证 。