VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):无人汽车重返加州 DMV批准可上路测试
日期:2017-03-17 14:34

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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California to Approve Testing of Truly Driverless Cars
California is set to open its roads up for the first time to self-driving vehicles with no human drivers.
The Department of Motor Vehicles announced plans to allow testing on state roads later this year of truly driverless cars.
Until now, California has only allowed testing of autonomous vehicles with a driver ready to take over if something goes wrong.
The proposed change would allow testing of vehicles with no steering wheel or pedal controls. However, any driverless vehicle being tested must be remotely controllable and able to stop itself in an emergency.
A hearing will be held next month to get public comments on the issue before the change can take effect. Officials say they hope the new rules can receive final approval by December.
The proposed rules open the path for self-driving cars to be widely sold and used throughout the state, officials said. Truly driverless vehicles could be available for sale in California as early as 2018.
The cars must also meet all federal safety requirements to be allowed on California roads.
The U.S. government released its own set of guidelines for driverless vehicles last September. Officials said the guidelines were intended to bring about a "responsible introduction" of autonomous technology in a "safe, clean, efficient" way.
California is the largest automobile market in the United States. Currently, 27 companies have permission to test autonomous vehicles on the state's public roads. These include major U.S. and foreign carmakers, as well as technology companies like Google and Uber.
Ride-sharing company Uber was forced to pull its test cars out of California last December after a dispute with officials over required permits. Uber had argued it did not need state permits for testing because its vehicles were not "fully autonomous."
But last week, Uber finally gave in to state officials and got the required permit to test its self-driving cars in California.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.self-driving vehicles 无人驾驶汽车

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The car company see the technology as a stepping stone towards a future of fully, self-driving vehicles.
汽车公司认为高科技是将来全自动、半自动驾驶汽车的跳板1q@&&Pyq.R^3g;qid

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2.pull out 退出;撤离

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The World Bank should pull out of the project.
世界银行应从该项目中撤出MNqD;nsRkQy4b

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3.Until now 到目前为止;现在

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They have threatened military action but held off until now.
他们扬言要采取军事行动,但一直拖到现在XumZnC&VQB]4thzB3U2d

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4.gave in 屈服;妥协

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I simply gave in to him, and I've regretted it ever since.
我就向他屈服了,从那以后我一直后悔.AqFA*HG~,s4Q6V

内容解析

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1.However, any driverless vehicle being tested must be remotely controllable and able to stop itself in an emergency.

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in an emergency 在紧急情况下

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She is calm and resourceful in an emergency.
她在紧急关头总是沉着机敏PYso@Y~v;U1JcY+_Wr
He has the wit to act quickly and reasonably in an emergency.
在紧急情况下,他表现得头脑清醒,反应快l8)oOTQemyNO*2MaM3vp

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2.Until now, California has only allowed testing of autonomous vehicles with a driver ready to take over if something goes wrong.

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take over 接管;接收

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The Belgians took over Rwanda under a League of Nations mandate.
比利时人依照国际联盟的授权接管了卢旺达=nK_GPD=s@1
His widow has taken over the running of his empire, including six London theatres.
他的遗孀已接手管理他创下的帝国,其中包括6家伦敦剧院.qfdWGHv2jX,ajX@

参考译文

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无人汽车重返加州 DMV批准可上路测试
加州将首次向没有司机的无人驾驶车辆开放道路@0Jt%P]OEUp9w|6O7
加州机动车管理局宣布了一项计划:今年晚些时候将允许无人驾驶汽车在州级公路上进行测试Yuvo4ZgF,-,K#7#(]|
加州现只允许配有司机的自动驾驶汽车上路进行测试,如出现紧急情况,司机可随时控制车辆B,m4T*~0e|y|
这一提案将允许不设方向盘与控制踏板的车辆上路进行测试8SCaH.SZY|B)i&dIy35。然而,进行测试的无人驾驶车辆必须要远程控制且在紧急情况下可自动停车nv)[IOq~d=

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加州批准无人驾驶汽车上路测试.jpg
下月将会举行一场听证会,征求公众对该提案的意见,之后方案才能生效N0csA@bTGrl@QpAJv。官员表示,他们希望这项新规可在12月前获得最终批准u,rM(F.HB^OmW&v[]
官员还表示,为无人驾驶汽车开放道路的提案将在该州广泛推广和使用CAOid,zzT-。无人驾驶车辆最早将于2018年在加州出售J|fsl%sQt10S@xF
无人驾驶汽车必须满足所有联邦安全要求才能在加州道路上行驶;[MF1fY[eo6Mo
去年9月,美国政府发布了一套无人驾驶车辆准则SDP5*&G_OV!e~a%。有官员表示,该准则旨在以“安全、清洁、高效”的方式“负责任地”引入无人驾驶技术XtF5Nb2vOzo^9uUJ
加州是美国规模最大的汽车市场ac#Ji!@e4,56j+xEB。目前已经有27家公司获得在加州公路测试无人驾驶车辆的许可,包括国内外的主要汽车制造商以及Google和UbercCCpOQ!o=#,o)+5yJz
去年12月,共享乘车公司Uber因所需许可证与官员发生争议后,被勒令将无人测试汽车撤出加州CwxW0C#=F[,p4T(。Uber公司认为无人驾驶车辆并非完全自主驾驶,因此无需获得州级许可证Ii4C~0.0kv&-Q1X3A
然而上周,Uber公司向加州官员妥协后获得了加州测试无人驾驶车辆所需的许可证w~iG]Zw^5NyBNHZ
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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