VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):世卫组织呼吁对抗"超级细菌"新疗法
日期:2017-03-13 17:58

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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WHO: New Treatments Needed for Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbugs'
The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.
The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistance is so unusually strong all 12 have been given a special name: "superbug."
The United Nations agency reported this week the 12 superbugs are a threat to human health. It said they have the ability to turn easily treatable infections into killers.
A few examples are blood, lung and brain infections, food poisoning and gonorrhea, a disease spread by sexual activity.
The WHO says superbugs can also pass along genetic material that helps other bacteria become resistant to drug treatment.
Marie-Paule Kieny is the U.N. agency's assistant director-general. She said "antibiotic resistance is growing and we are fast running out of treatment options." She urged governments to give drug companies reasons to develop new treatments.
"If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most urgently need are not going to be developed in time," she said.
Antibiotic drugs can lose their effectiveness when people take more or less of than the amount required by doctors. When this happens, infections that were at one time easily treated become resistant. Germs can also be spread in nature from air, water and animals.
I'm Jill Robbins.

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词汇解析

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1.antibiotic drugs 抗生素

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He has an allergy to antibiotic drugs, which is noted on his medical record.
他对抗生素过敏,这在病历中有记录LFg!ul1V;k

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2.food poisoning 食物中毒

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Some organisms are responsible for spoiling food and cause food poisoning.
有些生物会导致食物变质并引起食物中毒4OSM(qytxD

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3.in time 及时

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I hope you'll remit me the money in time.
我希望你能及时把钱汇寄给我t7L;=OlNyWb.FVw

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4.drug manufacturers 药品制造商

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Drug manufacturers shall perform quality test of their products.
药品生产企业必须对其生产的药品进行质量检验6xYk[,W,^O]&,08u

内容解析

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1.When this happens, infections that were at one time easily treated become resistant.

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at one time 曾经;一度

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At one time, walking across the room took all her strength
曾经有段时间她得费尽全力才能从房间一头走到另一头f+1wo+ZOfS5PQ
At one time the schools were mainly attached to the church.
这些学校曾一度归教会主管kp#%z;Kqre

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2.The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.

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appeal to 呼吁;上诉;吸引

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Economic change for its own sake did not appeal to him.
经济变化本身对他并没有吸引力#)+yc2yhAUqg3
If anything, swimming will appeal to her most strongly.
如果说有什么能强烈地吸引她,那就是游泳了PP6l6titlJsF

参考译文

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世卫组织呼吁对抗“超级细菌”新疗法
近日,世界卫生组织向科学家、制药商及政府发出呼声Z)X]x~NbYZD]ZQ
世卫组织希望各方共同努力研发药物对抗12种细菌!xMt]=)jh)fY*bfipZ。这些细菌已经对强效的抗生素产生耐药性UPlceDX9ntbU2Xm~[o#n。考虑到这种细菌的特殊性,世卫组织将这12种细菌命名为:超级细菌vFiTw^^uE7inA+.Y

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世卫组织呼吁对抗“超级细菌”新疗法.jpg
本周,世卫组织称这12种细菌对人类健康造成威胁rOF(Jvg3B&b7Sd0%*。报告指出,超级细菌能够将可轻易治疗的感染疾病转化为致命疾病3RPwZ#HPa%k,FI%*~&
例如血液、肺部和大脑感染,食物中毒及淋病——一种通过性行为传播的疾病ieB[m1+@3wN~IcYuXg;
世卫组织进一步解释,超级细菌可通过基因遗传,使其他细菌也对药物产生耐药性gpL(BTFRDea
玛丽-葆拉·基尼(Marie-Paule Kieny)是世卫组织的助理总干事r~V~V)[f5h#yi|jRkNP。她说“抗生素耐药性在快速发展,而治疗方法却消耗殆尽”aG4gxG9Swx..E。她敦促政府给予制药公司条件研发新的治疗药物sL]RBU4srj%(7*8*pU~
她表示,“如果只靠市场发挥作用是无法及时地研发出新的抗生素药品的[AFqY+NT8Ecz[0##H(FL。”
抗生素药物摄入量高于或低于医嘱用量都会使药物失去作用|u*Q02[C0O。一旦失去药效,原本容易治疗的细菌就会产生抗药性fL5vU@mTEBxu。细菌也可通过空气、水和动物等介质在自然环境中传播yCpv8K~XKevVxCSC^
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • threatn. 威胁,凶兆 vt. 威胁, 恐吓
  • performv. 执行,运转,举行,表演
  • antibioticadj. 抗菌的 n. 抗生素
  • appealn. 恳求,上诉,吸引力 n. 诉诸裁决 v. 求助,诉
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • allergyn. 过敏症,反感,厌恶
  • bacterian. (复数)细菌
  • resistancen. 抵抗力,反抗,反抗行动;阻力,电阻;反对
  • qualityn. 品质,特质,才能 adj. 高品质的
  • resistantadj. 抵抗的,反抗的 n. 抵抗者