WHO: New Treatments Needed for Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbugs'
The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.
The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistance is so unusually strong all 12 have been given a special name: "superbug."
The United Nations agency reported this week the 12 superbugs are a threat to human health. It said they have the ability to turn easily treatable infections into killers.
A few examples are blood, lung and brain infections, food poisoning and gonorrhea, a disease spread by sexual activity.
The WHO says superbugs can also pass along genetic material that helps other bacteria become resistant to drug treatment.
Marie-Paule Kieny is the U.N. agency's assistant director-general. She said "antibiotic resistance is growing and we are fast running out of treatment options." She urged governments to give drug companies reasons to develop new treatments.
"If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most urgently need are not going to be developed in time," she said.
Antibiotic drugs can lose their effectiveness when people take more or less of than the amount required by doctors. When this happens, infections that were at one time easily treated become resistant. Germs can also be spread in nature from air, water and animals.
I'm Jill Robbins.
1.antibiotic drugs 抗生素
He has an allergy to antibiotic drugs, which is noted on his medical record.
2.food poisoning 食物中毒
Some organisms are responsible for spoiling food and cause food poisoning.
3.in time 及时
I hope you'll remit me the money in time.
4.drug manufacturers 药品制造商
Drug manufacturers shall perform quality test of their products.
1.When this happens, infections that were at one time easily treated become resistant.
at one time 曾经；一度
At one time, walking across the room took all her strength
At one time the schools were mainly attached to the church.
2.The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.
appeal to 呼吁；上诉；吸引
Economic change for its own sake did not appeal to him.
If anything, swimming will appeal to her most strongly.
世卫组织希望各方共同努力研发药物对抗12种细菌 。这些细菌已经对强效的抗生素产生耐药性 。考虑到这种细菌的特殊性，世卫组织将这12种细菌命名为：超级细菌 。
本周，世卫组织称这12种细菌对人类健康造成威胁 。报告指出，超级细菌能够将可轻易治疗的感染疾病转化为致命疾病 。
玛丽-葆拉·基尼（Marie-Paule Kieny）是世卫组织的助理总干事 。她说“抗生素耐药性在快速发展，而治疗方法却消耗殆尽” 。她敦促政府给予制药公司条件研发新的治疗药物 。
抗生素药物摄入量高于或低于医嘱用量都会使药物失去作用 。一旦失去药效，原本容易治疗的细菌就会产生抗药性 。细菌也可通过空气、水和动物等介质在自然环境中传播 。