VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):马戏团——用真心和汗水讲你爱的故事
日期:2017-03-12 06:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Many Americans think a circus must have elephants, lions, dancing bears and acrobats. But circuses are changing.
In May, after traveling the country for almost 150 years, the large Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus will close.
But different kinds of circuses are still successful. They include Cirque du Soleil. It combines music, acrobatics and story-telling.
Adam Woolley operates Circus Now, a non-profit group that supports efforts by circus performers to combine traditional circus skills like acrobatics, juggling and the trapeze with storytelling.
Woolley says circuses have been changing for many years by increasingly telling stories.
"Circus artists have been producing new and incredible circus acts and apparatuses and shows that have an artistic context and theatrical storylines, or well-drawn characters. And this has been happening around the world for the past 10, 15 years or so."
One of those circuses is the Race Horse Company from Finland. It was part of the Circus Now festival in New York this month.
Acrobat Rauli Kosonen started the circus with a few other performers nine years ago.
"I think it's really pure art form, in the sense that you can really feel the risks -- there's a lot of risks, so you can get a lot of adrenaline while you watch it if there is kind of tricks that make your heart bounce. Because it's real. They can see that if they make a mistake, they might get hurt. So, I guess that's always been why circus is appealing. It reminds us that, uh, we're humans."
Kosonen has been injured many times during his performances.
"Well, I had three operations and its part of the job; sometimes you don't get lucky."
Kendall Rileigh is one of the founders of New York's Only Child Aerial Theatre. He says, with his group, telling a story, or a narrative, is even more important than the skills of performing in a circus. He says the skills the performers learn are designed to drive and support the story.
In a former factory in Brooklyn, Rileigh's performers are preparing for the latest show -- called "Asylum."
Co-founder Nicki Miller says there is a story, but none of the performers speaks. The story is told through acrobatics, dance, music and projected images and shadow.
"We would describe it as a theater piece that includes a lot of aerial work, dance, some recorded music, some live music and overhead projection and shadow. So, the story is told, rather than through dialogue, through the conversation of all of those theatrical vocabularies, instead."
Adam Woolley says the Only Child and Race Horse performers simply want to entertain people.
"With lots of practice and hard work, we can accomplish the impossible. That's the core idea that everyone in circus believes in and that everyone in circus tries to impart to the audiences, is that ‘I have dedicated my life to this seven minutes of performance and honed my skill to the place where I'm going to accomplish something in front of you now that you did not think could be done.'"
I'm John Smith.

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词汇解析

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1.circus n.马戏团

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My real ambition was to work in a circus.
我真正的理想是去马戏团工作ti4diV6*zK7GW#qx*

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2.acrobat n.杂技演员

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The acrobat balanced himself on the high rope.
杂技演员在高绳上保持平衡2tk(OVF043a

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3.juggle vi.表演杂耍

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Soon she was juggling five eggs.
很快她就在抛接5个鸡蛋了AZ4^cM9bF1

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4.rapeze n.荡秋千

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Then swiftly, neatly, with the grace of the young man on the flying trapeze, he was gone from his body.
带着飞荡的高架秋千上那个年轻人的优雅姿态,他灵巧而敏捷地从躯体里走出来3iFw=]-Zsq[%

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5.adrenaline n.肾上腺素

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But for some people merely imagining this scene creates an adrenaline surge.
但是对于某些人但是想象这一幕就会肾上腺素激增v.J91A4.[A5&^1

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6.hone vt.打磨,磨砺

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Leading companies spend time and money on honing the skills of senior managers.
龙头公司会花费时间和金钱提高高层管理人员的技能G;T(w;TJHH

内容解析

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That's the core idea that everyone in circus believes in and that everyone in circus tries to impart to the audiences, is that ‘I have dedicated my life to this seven minutes of performance and honed my skill to the place

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impart sth to sb 将……传递给……

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Your boss is just the way that constraint is imparted to you.
老板不过把这种固有的约束感传递给你罢了-~,Q!yQ2#tN

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It showed the familiar scene of the street, with the distinctness of mid-day, but also with the awfulness that is always imparted to familiar objects by an unaccustomed light.
它就象白昼一般清晰地勾勒出街上熟悉的景色,但也乎添了那种由不寻常的光线照到熟悉的物体上总要产生的可怕印象70zt)8!F-rb3[=#

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dedicate... to... 将……奉献给……

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His mother had been told by an angel that she would bear a son whose life would be dedicated to God and whose hair must never be cut.
天使曾告诉他的母亲,她将生下一个献身于上帝的儿子,并且他的头发始终不能被剪掉-Np7FoDA=!8_3YLsskR

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The scientist dedicated his whole to science.

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这位科学家将毕生经历贡献给了科学jMkOB!Yen7Tt3[qU(1%H

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参考译文

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很多美国人认为,马戏团一定要有大象、狮子、会跳舞的熊以及杂技演员|CZshgr!|fZfF2l0UGa。但现在的马戏团正在发生改变ue~bZW*TbHG1c
5月份,在全国各地表演了150年的大型马戏团——玲玲马戏团(Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus)将关业D0=ls3zR-3cv!bI
不过还有不同种类的马戏团依然很成功@xJrcriPp[9V。其中包括来自加拿大的太阳马戏团(Cirque du Soleil)wc7;;j9SLHZ!t.。其表演形式囊括音乐、杂技以及讲故事]KEY.yG~,D1l
亚当 伍利经营着一家名为Circus Now的非盈利组织,其表演者注重对杂技、杂耍、荡秋千等传统马戏团技能与叙事的结合Yy+Y1A+1*KL+R~dv5R

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伍利说,通过不断增加叙事的成分,很多马戏团在过去数年间一直都在变化!hs*CxoKbgz*YZ#slH
“马戏团的艺术家们一直都在结合不同的道具装置产出新颖惊人的动作,他们的演出总是有艺术意境、戏剧性的故事线亦或特征分明的角色-k;H7iopS^m。而这一点在过去的10年甚至15年左右的历程中,得到了全球各地马戏团的印证b|UKy^W8y]_EP!W0OmC8。”
其中一家这样的马戏团就是来自芬兰的赛马公司p#+H4q,..zXNwskvP;kG。该公司也参加了本月在纽约举行的Circus Now节日^*]jVv=y8S3RbSvlpn;~
九年前,杂技表演着劳利与几个同行开启了马戏生涯fdBufSp7nKr_#
“我觉得杂技表演是一种真正纯粹的艺术形式,从某种角度上来说,你可以真切地感受到危险——是有很多危险的,所以在观看那种让你心跳加速的表演时,你也会分泌很多肾上腺素z7!4@z1;V2*OeOry)@Hp。因为这一切都是真实的U#hil(%O+rgJDPf^r*^Y。观众可以看到,如果表演者犯错,就会真的受伤W~Dy-g,ke7=2d5Q;%5。所以我想这一点一直是马戏吸引人的地方y5|X^xdyyOM.7T)nP。它也提醒着我们一点,人无完人iRiV3a[4gV;9N#W。”
劳利在表演过程中曾多次受伤S|q!o)6uqLZm
“我做过3次手术,受伤是我工作的一部分;有时候可能就是运气差一点9;lxsJ%jBI#WEp)。”
肯德尔是纽约Only Child Aerial Theatre的创办者之一W+)ZcBHy*A*7F。肯德尔说,对于他的马戏团团队来说,讲故事、叙真情是比表演技巧更加重要的事情i!*=*XBtuq。肯德尔还说,表演者的技巧就是为了推动并支持故事的发展7GU,nyFJ_DWd.
在布鲁克林此前曾是工厂所在地的Rileigh马戏团里,表演者们正在准备最近的一场演出——名为“收容所”=CHy,Xpxr(%Ybj6A
同是创办者的尼基说,虽然是在讲述故事,但没有一个表演者是用言语来讲述的Fr]j6Hfb*ts3X;。故事是通过杂技、舞蹈、音乐、投影图像和光影来讲述的~i5ad5v*t*Q
“我觉着更应该将马戏表演描述为包含很多空中杂技、舞蹈、录制音乐、现场音乐、空中投影和光影的剧院活动U_rglj-nHG]!RFXulCWx。所以故事的讲述并不是通过对话,而是通过剧院特有的语言来讲述的3GR#klWI|msyI。”
亚当说,Only Child and Race Horse的表演者只是想给大家带来欢乐.1bnYY5J-1[
“通过大量的练习和努力,我们实现了本不可能完成的事情9|-*#Phku7=l。这一点也是每一个马戏团成员深信不疑的核心理念,是每位成员竭尽全力想要传递给观众的信条——‘我已经将毕生精力投注在这几分钟的表演中,我不断打磨自己的技能,我也将把我的这些你们看来不可能完成的技能展现在你们面前aXqgxcZqyhM]7。’”
John Smith为您播报|NVY(!WMj+dC

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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