VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国穷人担心失去奥巴马医改计划
日期:2017-02-14 09:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Poor in US Worried About Loss of ObamaCare
Dr. Monica Vohra says her patients are often worried when they come to see her at a free medical center in Washington, D.C.
But she says their worries have increased recently.
Most of Dr. Vohra's patients are low-income, members of minority groups and are mainly immigrants to the United States.
"I think the language that's out there has been disturbing. Some of it has re-traumatized some of our folks who have been traumatized by previous policies. There's a sense of feeling unsafe and insecure."
Dr. Vohra says many of her patients are worried that they will lose their health insurance if they received coverage through the Affordable Care Act. That law is often called ObamaCare.
She says critical statements by President Donald Trump about ObamaCare make her patients worry they will lose their insurance.
"It's definitely something that is on our minds," she says. "We encourage people to get insurance every day, and in the back of my mind I am thinking, ‘What if this is not an option soon?'"
Trump and the Republican-majority Congress say they plan to cancel ObamaCare and replace it. The new program will give, in the president's words, "great health care for less money."
Many poor Americans are waiting to see how any new program will affect them.
Brian Nabinett is one of them. He has lived in Washington, D.C. for many years. VOA spoke with him at Bread for the City, a non-profit organization that gives food, clothing and legal and medical services to about 10,000 people every month.
Nabinett says the organization is "one of the beautiful places in D.C. It helps a lot of people here. If I need counseling or food, I can always come here."
Some volunteers at Bread for the City are not sure how the new administration's planned changes will affect poor people.
Patrice Ali is one of those volunteers. She got food and clothing from Bread for the City when she was jobless.
She told VOA that she is concerned about the situation of the poor and what services they will be offered. She said programs like Obamacare and Medicaid, a government health program for children and the poor, are very important.
Ali believes few political leaders understand what is happening in the country. She says that in recent years she has seen an increase in the difference in income between poor people and others.
"Since I've been in my 20s, I have noticed that the gap has increasingly gotten larger, no matter who is actually in that position of power or authority to run this particular country."
York, Pennsylvania is about 160 kilometers to the north of Washington. At the York County Food Bank, Grace Geltrude is getting food and other items that she says help her family survive.
"It is very important because (the) cost of living goes up all the time," she says. "We have a 3-year-old in the home. There used to be 13 people in the house at one time."
The food bank gives food to churches and other groups that help poor families in southern Pennsylvania.
Debbie Krout-Althoff is the director of development at the food bank. She says 680 kilograms of food are given on Fridays alone.
"I think it's an eye-opening experience when you come back from lunch and you see people outside of our building lined up for blocks to receive the food in all kinds of weather. We kinda go through life with blinders."
She says some low-income people in the county are worried about whether they will lose their medical insurance. But she says they are most concerned about survival -- "how they are going to feed their family, how are they going to pay their bills."
Geltrude says she has depended on the food bank, aid and a local health insurance program for help.
"I could not afford the insurance any other way, with the bills and all, taking care of a vehicle. I mean, it does get costly. And without some of these programs, people are struggling."
The struggles of Geltrude and others like her are issues lawmakers will consider as they make changes to health care policies in the future.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.free medical 免费医疗

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Free medical service is available to every citizen in this country.
这个国家每个公民都可以享受免费医疗lBB-VmeoM]

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2.low-income 低收入的

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In effect, growth is contingent on improved incomes for the mass of the low-income population.
事实上,发展有赖于大量低收入人群收入的增长6]8*4hL@-#YnfzH6

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3.health insurance 健康保险;医疗保险

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Health insurance costs are eating up his income.
医疗保险费用花掉了他大量的收入K!USf93dU-sgAM8M6!_^DU&XX8npsP%,ow,5

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4.minority groups 少数民族

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Our proposal tries to accommodate the special needs of minority groups.
我们的提案尽量照顾到少数群体的特殊需要P|=+resq)qz^!

内容解析

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1."I think it's an eye-opening experience when you come back from lunch and you see people outside of our building lined up for blocks to receive the food in all kinds of weather.

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eye-opening 使人大开眼界的;瞠目结舌的

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That's a really eye-opening experience.
那真是一个另人大开眼界的经验VP@zQBLJ4z)Q@dL
The talk you have may be eye-opening with regard to your present situation.
对于现在的你,你的说话会让你自己都眼界大开7ZXg8EOcX8b[Yb

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2.There used to be 13 people in the house at one time."

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at one time 曾经;一度

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At one time 400 men, women and children lived in the village.
曾经有400个男人、女人和孩子居住在村子里FUTpp7Hf]ftm(*.Ke
All of these industries have at one time or another been linked to cancer.
所有这些产业都曾在不同时期与癌症有过联系8pcMLP.n6OkdFmX|C2

参考译文

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美国穷人担心失去奥巴马医改计划
莫妮卡·沃拉(Monica Vohra)医生表示,到华盛顿免费医疗中心就诊的病人忧心忡忡vix0M]*S^0YA_m
最近这种忧虑情绪有增无减DS@)B.KO^X4GZ_.hgSz
沃拉看诊的病人大多数都是低收入、少数族裔群体以及移民美国的人+s+cRbBBnHsKnor[g9
“这里到处都充斥着令人不安的声音+ymHn7juUt。有的人因为先前的政策遭受二次创伤Y~-[Ek*1PfR1J]5oah。这里充斥着迷茫与不安ch_kxwGb|-%aDs2U**。”
沃拉医生表示,多数病人担心会失去平价医疗法案带来的医疗保险Sy]tz|l,ShWCY;@z=E。该法案名为“奥巴马医改计划”fmo9C9dc0Miq&-efDx
她说,美国总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)对奥巴马医改计划的指责让病人担心会失去医疗保险.FzxplwRY]HXo
她说:“这无疑是一件困扰我们的事情U^G7n7VV.kCa)。”“我们每天鼓励人们得到保险,而我的脑海中想的是‘未来这将不再是选择了该怎么办?’”

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美国穷人担心失去奥巴马医改计划.jpg
特朗普和以共和党为首的议会表示,他们计划废除并更换奥巴马医改计划65kcBP5.@k4Lely4E-。引用特朗普总统的话,新计划将用“更少的钱带来更健全的医疗保障”u-M7kdzbz|(0S!RK
多数低收入的美国人等着看新计划会对他们的生活产生怎样的影响D6S[Q9_xt,
布莱恩·纳比奈特(Brian Nabinett)是其中的一位du8]3lBoDw3dMO~。他在华盛顿久居多年)g*)~86~@7J59V6=OS。VOA记者在Bread for the City(为城市提供面包)机构采访了他,这家非营利机构每月为1万多人提供食物、衣服、法律及医药服务TfOWfs+hb#C8bq[lIlyw
纳比奈特表示,该机构是“华盛顿最美丽的地方之一b+sH)!4BTXF~。它救助了很多人g]sg[Z2AQSiV2G_。如果需要咨询或食物,我可以随时去那里#uIiRlhip;9zN4_2y5&。”
在该机构工作的志愿者不确定,新政府的改革计划将如何影响穷人的生活0yScA#iDEqeh
帕特里斯·阿里(Patrice Ali)是其中一位志愿者^o6z9||fAqX,X@(&^。她失业时曾从Bread for the City获得过食物和衣物n77((rs^]@
她告诉VOA,她关心穷人的境况以及他们所接受的服务EbYaUD5WBaBN.g。她表示,奥巴马医改计划和医疗补助计划(政府为儿童和穷人设立的医疗项目)等项目是非常重要的~,Maq=a_Jm!|
阿里相信没有几位领导人了解这个城市的处境7,8w)#Vdl6,|u9o9w。她说,近几年她看到低收入群体与和其他人的收入在逐渐拉大ix;.ehTjxYFw6
“我20多岁时就注意到贫富差距在逐渐拉大,不管这个国家的政权掌握在谁的手中DHielRHv,gqZjF80hc。”
宾夕法尼亚州的约克市距华盛顿北部约160公里|cc1U+).K4EN0-cSGE。格蕾丝·盖尔图德(Grace Geltrude)从约克郡食物银行获得了食物和其他帮助家庭度过难关的物品qZh4)3DjqvI#7Y
“因为生活成本一直在提高,因此这个机构很重要y~E~7!;m9QMVhKkr4q。”她说,“家里还有一个3岁的孩子XH3ZCGTb),f6dA#)SW。有段时间家里一共有13口人=GMA~E*Viy(|wTv。”
食物银行将食物分发给教堂和宾夕法尼亚南部其他帮助贫困家庭的机构+B#|e9kTtqcNOFtPE,J
黛比·克劳特·阿尔托夫(Debbie Krout-Althoff)是食物银行发展部主管Ty1Itrz!kT0gJN。她说,周五一天就分发出680公斤食物d#I_&1oX#5MzeT!]6_1
“我觉得那是一次匪夷所思的经历,当你吃完午饭回来,看到人们排了好几个街区等着领取食物,不管什么天气都是如此fKHLEyU1sX.Wy(。我们的生活似乎有些封闭7MA1Sh3L8[I-#dLbFx%w。”
她说这里的一些低收入群体都在担心会失去医保1Ea0wGMV2YrRJd。然而人们最关心的还是生存问题:“如何养活一家老小,如何支付每一笔账单X!-MpaivWJqdP。”
盖尔图德表示,自己靠食物银行,救济和当地医疗保险项目度日6gwrQ@o45nywqrm;
“我支付不起其他种类的保险,我得付账单,保养汽车*|NUa%|*=vmp##[vb。我是说这些开销很大TI(fSE(Ye7*。没有这些援助,人们的生活难以为继XEuU;X996Lw&El。”
像盖尔图德这样艰难生活的人将是立法者们在未来制定医疗政策时应该考虑的因素[|@pVuw,em21
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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