VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):阿根廷修订移民法 加速驱逐国外罪犯
日期:2017-02-08 16:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Argentina Amends its Immigration Law, Speeds Up Deportations
Argentina made a major change to its immigration law Monday. The change makes it easier to expel foreigners who do crimes or who are under investigation.
President Mauricio Macri ordered the change to the 2003 immigration law.
The presidential order notes a rise in organized crime by foreigners. It prevents entrance to immigrants who are serving sentences or have criminal records. It also speeds up expulsion for those who do crimes, including selling drugs and weapons or hiding illegal money.
The government said officials had faced administrative barriers in expelling foreigners who did such crimes.
The new law is designed to lower a sharp increase in crime. The issue is a top concern among Argentinians who will vote in congressional elections later this year.
Foreigners represent 4.5 percent of the 40 million people living in Argentina. Human rights activists said the changed law could cause Argentinians to wrongly judge that part of the population.
The group Amnesty International said it is a mistake to think of the migration crisis as just an issue of national security, and to link immigrants with criminals.
The human rights group said a country cannot violate its constitution and international human rights treaties to make new immigration policies.
Amnesty said the changes reduce guarantees of lawful processes and violate immigrant rights to fair protection.
Argentine Vice President Gabriela Michetti defended the new measure.
She told a local radio station that "Argentina is an open country that will always be in favor of diversity.'' She also rejected suggestions that the new law is like an immigration order signed last month by Donald Trump, the new president of the United States.
Argentine activist Adolfo Perez Esquivel said President Macri is "criminalizing immigration through executive orders" that change national laws and international commitments.
Esquivel won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1980 for his defense of human rights during Argentina's "dirty war."
He said Argentine officials clearly violated human rights in the name of security when they made the law without involving lawmakers.
In his words, "security problems can and should be solved respecting our constitution and increasing our rights, not reducing them."
I'm Alice Bryant.

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词汇解析

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1.human rights 人权

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In the treaty both sides pledge to respect human rights.
双方在条约中都承诺将尊重人权Cvb]orqj3_h

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2.radio station 电台

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The rebellious officers, having seized the radio station, broadcast the news of the overthrow of the monarchy.
叛乱的军官控制了电台,广播宣布推翻君主制的消息yv*cl^5M,5

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3.migration crisis 移民危机

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Europe is facing its most serious migration crisis since the end of the second world war.
欧洲正面临二战结束以来最严重的移民危机C[zmbt(GQR9.(u;;r

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4.national laws 国家法律

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Some regions passed legislation that conflicted with national laws, or even demanded independence.
有些地区通过的法律和联邦法律有冲突,甚至要求获得独立tx%(R~yPRGYrt

内容解析

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1.He said Argentine officials clearly violated human rights in the name of security when they made the law without involving lawmakers.

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in the name of 以...的名义

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In the name of humanity I ask the government to reappraise this important issue.
我以人道的名义请求政府重新评估这一重大问题HW@3zUu2ri&q%efzq[
Let me thank you in the name of us all.
让我代表我们全体感谢你IGsyss68)olrNRF*]%V

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2.Argentina is an open country that will always be in favor of diversity.

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in favor of 支持

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They phased out my job in favor of a computer.
他们逐步用一台计算机淘汰了我的工作岗位
The jury voted 8-to-4 in favor of acquittal.
陪审团以8比4的投票结果赞成无罪判决6R935hOO0l]

参考译文

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阿根廷修正移民法 加速驱逐国外罪犯
周一,阿根廷对移民法做出了重大调整orM^t&bP@AI=。修改后的移民法使驱逐那些犯罪或接受调查的外国人更加容易^I3#QC7|=GmR-q
阿根廷总统毛里西奥·马克里(Mauricio Macri)下令修改2003年颁布的移民法z7~L_&5URTW=GYY。总统的命令中指出外国人有组织犯罪在逐渐增加%-t|jZ)[3B,qaj~@)P。该命令阻止正在服刑或有犯罪记录的移民进入,03.B4M-[@d。此外,该命令还加速了对有犯罪行为的移民的驱逐进程,包括贩卖毒品和武器,或藏匿非法资金9b%#sipK*Rs

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阿根廷移民法修改.jpeg
政府表示,在驱逐这类犯罪记录的外国人时经常会面临行政壁垒7,#b5+U0!hoC
修正后的法案的目的是为了降低不断增加的犯罪活动zdhy+7-^,b,0p。这是阿根廷民众关注的首要问题,今年晚些时候,阿根廷公民将在国会选举中进行投票;_hTwOmWCI0]&B.Co+W-
阿根廷总人口为4000万,外国人占总人口的4.5%VXn=E*KpoLQp。人权活动家表示,修改后的法律可能会让阿根廷人对那一部分外国人产生误解by~cNBHc1&)R^Z7^*
国际特赦组织表示,把移民危机视为国家安全问题以及将移民与罪犯挂钩的看法是不可取的32I,[tsMAbP*K
人权组织称,国家制定新的移民政策时不能违背宪法和国际人权条约_A;57+[zf,4cL!
国际特赦组织也表示,法案的调整降低了合法程序的保障力度,侵犯了移民同等的受保护的权利7#O&&mYfo5Qu
阿根廷副总统布里埃拉·米切蒂(Gabriela Michetti)为法案的修改进行辩护OuH5,I-)sy[MnXB_RI&y
她告诉当地电台,“阿根廷是一个支持多样性的开放国家8f~qL9&Q7ptgA~c]。”她否认了新法与美国新任总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)上月签署的移民令雷同的说法^oNRRF=sE2.G-m
阿根廷活动家埃斯基维尔(Adolfo Perez Esquivel)表示,总统马克里“通过行政命令将移民定为犯罪”违背了国家法律和国际承诺[-KQ+ReY0@|M
1980年,埃斯基维尔因在阿根廷的“肮脏战争”(dirty war)中捍卫人权而获得诺贝尔和平奖M|gKacJX0T(4%Z5Gh
他说,阿根廷政府打着安全的幌子侵犯人权,因为他们在制定法律时并没有涉及立法者~4deWKPe7+OOHgbtD
他说,“安全问题能够并且应该被解决,尊重国家的宪法,应该增加权利而不是削减LCze=pY_tG)%fvsF。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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