Argentina Amends its Immigration Law, Speeds Up Deportations
Argentina made a major change to its immigration law Monday. The change makes it easier to expel foreigners who do crimes or who are under investigation.
President Mauricio Macri ordered the change to the 2003 immigration law.
The presidential order notes a rise in organized crime by foreigners. It prevents entrance to immigrants who are serving sentences or have criminal records. It also speeds up expulsion for those who do crimes, including selling drugs and weapons or hiding illegal money.
The government said officials had faced administrative barriers in expelling foreigners who did such crimes.
The new law is designed to lower a sharp increase in crime. The issue is a top concern among Argentinians who will vote in congressional elections later this year.
Foreigners represent 4.5 percent of the 40 million people living in Argentina. Human rights activists said the changed law could cause Argentinians to wrongly judge that part of the population.
The group Amnesty International said it is a mistake to think of the migration crisis as just an issue of national security, and to link immigrants with criminals.
The human rights group said a country cannot violate its constitution and international human rights treaties to make new immigration policies.
Amnesty said the changes reduce guarantees of lawful processes and violate immigrant rights to fair protection.
Argentine Vice President Gabriela Michetti defended the new measure.
She told a local radio station that "Argentina is an open country that will always be in favor of diversity.'' She also rejected suggestions that the new law is like an immigration order signed last month by Donald Trump, the new president of the United States.
Argentine activist Adolfo Perez Esquivel said President Macri is "criminalizing immigration through executive orders" that change national laws and international commitments.
Esquivel won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1980 for his defense of human rights during Argentina's "dirty war."
He said Argentine officials clearly violated human rights in the name of security when they made the law without involving lawmakers.
In his words, "security problems can and should be solved respecting our constitution and increasing our rights, not reducing them."
I'm Alice Bryant.
1.human rights 人权
In the treaty both sides pledge to respect human rights.
2.radio station 电台
The rebellious officers, having seized the radio station, broadcast the news of the overthrow of the monarchy.
3.migration crisis 移民危机
Europe is facing its most serious migration crisis since the end of the second world war.
4.national laws 国家法律
Some regions passed legislation that conflicted with national laws, or even demanded independence.
1.He said Argentine officials clearly violated human rights in the name of security when they made the law without involving lawmakers.
in the name of 以...的名义
In the name of humanity I ask the government to reappraise this important issue.
Let me thank you in the name of us all.
2.Argentina is an open country that will always be in favor of diversity.
in favor of 支持
They phased out my job in favor of a computer.
The jury voted 8-to-4 in favor of acquittal.
周一，阿根廷对移民法做出了重大调整 。修改后的移民法使驱逐那些犯罪或接受调查的外国人更加容易 。
阿根廷总统毛里西奥·马克里（Mauricio Macri）下令修改2003年颁布的移民法 。总统的命令中指出外国人有组织犯罪在逐渐增加 。该命令阻止正在服刑或有犯罪记录的移民进入 。此外，该命令还加速了对有犯罪行为的移民的驱逐进程，包括贩卖毒品和武器，或藏匿非法资金 。
修正后的法案的目的是为了降低不断增加的犯罪活动 。这是阿根廷民众关注的首要问题，今年晚些时候，阿根廷公民将在国会选举中进行投票 。
阿根廷总人口为4000万，外国人占总人口的4.5％ 。人权活动家表示，修改后的法律可能会让阿根廷人对那一部分外国人产生误解 。
阿根廷副总统布里埃拉·米切蒂（Gabriela Michetti）为法案的修改进行辩护 。
她告诉当地电台，“阿根廷是一个支持多样性的开放国家 。”她否认了新法与美国新任总统唐纳德·特朗普（Donald Trump）上月签署的移民令雷同的说法 。
阿根廷活动家埃斯基维尔（Adolfo Perez Esquivel）表示，总统马克里“通过行政命令将移民定为犯罪”违背了国家法律和国际承诺 。
1980年，埃斯基维尔因在阿根廷的“肮脏战争”（dirty war）中捍卫人权而获得诺贝尔和平奖 。