VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):上任首日三把火 特朗普签署了哪些行政令?
日期:2017-01-23 12:00

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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President Trump Moves to Change Obama Policies on First Day
On the first day of his presidency, Donald Trump began making changes to the policies of earlier presidents.
A document released by the new Trump White House said the president would soon withdraw from the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. The free trade deal was negotiated by the Obama administration.
The White House website said Trump would also work to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement known as NAFTA.
"If our partners refuse a renegotiation that gives American workers a fair deal, then the President will give notice of the United States' intent to withdraw from NAFTA," a White House statement said.
Neither action was a surprise. During the presidential campaign, Trump said bad trade deals had hurt employment in America.
The NAFTA agreement removed most tariffs on products traded between the U.S., Canada and Mexico. It was signed by President Bill Clinton in 1993.
The Trump administration also said it is ready to cancel what it called, "harmful and unnecessary policies." Among them is the Obama administration's plan to reduce pollutants from coal-powered electricity plants. The climate plan was designed to cut gases that cause global warming.
Another is a clean water rule to protect small waterways and wetlands from development by the Environmental Protection Agency.
More changes will be announced in coming days, the website said.
Trump has said he wants to cancel and replace a national health care law, known as "Obamacare."
His cabinet nominees have promised other major changes during Senate confirmation hearings.
In education, for example, there are plans to give parents more choice in selecting schools for their children, including private, religious schools.
And there has been discussion of permitting more drilling, mining and logging on federal lands.
"There is a great deal of reform coming to Washington," said Sean Spicer, the chief spokesman for President Trump on Thursday.
After the inauguration, Trump signed papers formally nominating the people he wants to form his Cabinet. He did so surrounded by congressional leaders from both parties at the Capitol.
The nominations are now before the U.S. Senate, which must approve nominees before they can take their new jobs.
Trump also signed a proclamation declaring a National Day of Patriotism and a bill that would permit retired Marine General James Mattis to run the U.S. Defense Department.
Late Friday, the Senate voted to approve Mattis as Defense Secretary.
In his inaugural speech, Trump said he would carry out his promise to make government focus on America's needs ahead of any others.
"From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land," Trump said. "From this moment on, it's going to be America first. Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs, will be made to benefit American workers and American families."
Trump, a Republican, won the presidential election after a very difficult campaign against Democrat Hillary Clinton. He promised to change many of the policies put forward over the last eight years by Democratic President Obama.
However, in his inauguration speech, Trump, the 45th U.S. president, thanked Obama and his wife, Michelle. Trump said, "They have been magnificent" in helping him prepare to take over as president.
"It couldn't have been easy for either man to be civil to the other after the election," said Larry Sabato, director of the Center for Politics at the University of Virginia. "But they were and continued to be, for the most part, to their substantial credit."
Sabato said the United States "is still deeply divided, much more so than usual."
"Yet imagine how much worse it could have been had No. 44 and No. 45 feuded day after day," Sabato said.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.free trade 自由贸易

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Duties and taxes are the most obvious barrier to free trade.
关税和税收是自由贸易的最大壁垒f)0e2!|~OLQX

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2.be civil to 对...有礼貌

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He'd been careful to be civil to everyone.
他一直谨慎小心,力求对每一个人都彬彬有礼uq^kD^Rqia,;e8=lp!a@

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3.foreign affairs 外交事务

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It was his responsibility for foreign affairs that gained him international prestige.
他在负责处理外交事务的过程中赢得了国际声望xT)QS!;a9t,HwGZ

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4.put forward 提出,拿出

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They put forward some new ideas on the subject.
他们对这个问题提出了一些新的见解xBW1JHR]L.UpemD

内容解析

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1. Trump said, "They have been magnificent" in helping him prepare to take over as president.

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take over 接任;接管

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The Belgians took over Rwanda under a League of Nations mandate.
比利时人依照国际联盟的授权接管了卢旺达QlZL*p-g%Xy
His widow has taken over the running of his empire, including six London theatres.
他的遗孀已接手管理他创下的帝国,其中包括6家伦敦剧院oe%rz,_M*F*KP[%C

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2.But they were and continued to be, for the most part, to their substantial credit."

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for the most part 多数情况下

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The students are, for the most part, from the villages.
这些学生一大半来自农村bgoO#p!hAI.D
Professors, for the most part, are firmly committed to teaching, not research.
大多数教授都投身于教学,而不是研究g1%@^.~^p662HHK1~UEe

参考译文

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上任首日三把火 特朗普签署了哪些行政令?
上任首日,唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)开始对前总统的政策作出调整ZmTTecoX|,OR9sr5+B
特朗普政府发表的一份文件显示,美国将退出12个成员国签订的跨太平洋伙伴关系贸易协定(TPP)Wl-fNu%j7Ok。该自由贸易协议是由奥巴马政府参与谈判的]GX#tGW1p&q=E+,^V%U
白宫官网显示,特朗普还计划重新谈判北美自由贸易协定(NAFTA)q%@c&,.4UWu(l=kN

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川普上任首日三把火.jpg
白宫的声明中写道:“如果合作伙伴拒绝重新谈判让美国工人享有公平待遇,总统将有意使美国退出北美自由贸易协定pKX4RVR[nzq(。”
这其实并不意外#BZaS0+G(v+gANxQ。特朗普总统在竞选期间曾表示,不良的贸易伤害了美国的就业市场8R[7SLVB-s&0]
北美自由贸易协定取消了美国、加拿大和墨西哥之间商品交易的大部分关税Npw2wkmCyqZI8UY。1993年,美国总统比尔·克林顿(Bill Clinton)签署了该协定Eu~qnk5CL8M&|6TNn(
特朗普政府还表示,将取消“有害及不必要的政策”KM(].zBfUe=]VRmRvw。包括奥巴马政府减少燃煤发电厂污染物排放量的计划cddi]W*;%+EmlgCFj_。该“气候行动计划”旨在减少排放导致全球变暖的气体Em+4!XEN)ss()l5L
另一项是清洁水规定,旨在保护小型水道和湿地免受环境保护署的开发VYBgBdpGqeJ%PG5%6
白宫官网称,未来几天将陆续公布政策调整消息3t=o6i+e8PVv
特朗普表示,将撤销“奥巴马医改”方案并更换新的医疗法案As7I!*.9X!be
在参议院确认听证会期间,特朗普的内阁成员已承诺会有其他重大变革x5H;i-nHkh4
例如,在教育上将给予父母更多的选择帮助孩子选择学校,包括私立学校和宗教学校3hpP&t+OYpPsg+H
此外,还讨论了在联邦土地上进行更多的钻探、采矿和伐木的许可事宜3ayq-S^Q[*W
周四,特朗普总统的首席发言人肖恩·斯派塞(Sean Spicer)表示:“美国将迎来大规模的改革xg*d*hEd55JBnx2l#v。”
就职典礼结束后,特朗普正式签署了提名中意的内阁人员的文件o1Oe8Pv5VZd2nge。在两党国会领导人的见证下,特朗普于国会大厦完成文件签署工作Q4rye~Bzy|
这些提名人员还需获得美国参议院的批准才能正式任职%E=YsVdA8U_bRc4AU&
特朗普还签署了将他出任总统的这一天定为“爱国主义国庆日”的公告及一项人事任命,提名退役海军将军詹姆斯·马蒂斯(James Mattis)担任美国国防部部长_GO(cPlyD97je(T
周五下午,参议院通过了提名马蒂斯为国防部长的人事任命izbG_O2j%ocEW;_3au-6
特朗普在就职演说中称,将履行承诺万事以美国的需求优先BUF+yfa^^0i1NGLT
特朗普表示“即日起,美国将迎来新的愿景”Vbb,3xs+P!y5K-b2tHDC。“此刻起,万事将以美国优先frbZab__w^b=a@=lL。贸易、税务、移民、外交事务的每一项决策都将让美国工人和家庭从中受益s!OqkUnCg&4。”
在与民主党希拉里·克林顿的一番竞选恶战后,共和党人特朗普赢得了总统选举TFFW2f8NUGK*=SZqZE。他承诺,将更改民主党总统奥巴马8年来所提出的多项政策w)!Fj|KE&TuPuW
然而,这位第45任美国总统在就职演说中曾向奥巴马和其夫人米歇尔致谢TvCWLkKXhP_wOjfFQR(Y。特朗普表示,在帮他准备接任总统方面,“奥巴马夫妇是伟大的”FyTy#+%)RGB*cj
弗吉尼亚大学政治中心主任拉里·萨巴托(Larry Sabato)表示,“选举结束后还能以礼相待对方谈何容易7[B6;Dyur_uk。”“但是他们做到了,多数情况下,他们为了自己的声望也会长期保持下去=FvquhOEwcWy;uAUl_。”
萨巴托表示,美国“仍然深深地分裂着,比往常更甚0fIj39KAKOU&^
萨巴托说道,“想象一下,假如第44任总统和第45任总统长期缠斗下去该有多闹心?”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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