President Trump Moves to Change Obama Policies on First Day
On the first day of his presidency, Donald Trump began making changes to the policies of earlier presidents.
A document released by the new Trump White House said the president would soon withdraw from the 12-nation Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement. The free trade deal was negotiated by the Obama administration.
The White House website said Trump would also work to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement known as NAFTA.
"If our partners refuse a renegotiation that gives American workers a fair deal, then the President will give notice of the United States' intent to withdraw from NAFTA," a White House statement said.
Neither action was a surprise. During the presidential campaign, Trump said bad trade deals had hurt employment in America.
The NAFTA agreement removed most tariffs on products traded between the U.S., Canada and Mexico. It was signed by President Bill Clinton in 1993.
The Trump administration also said it is ready to cancel what it called, "harmful and unnecessary policies." Among them is the Obama administration's plan to reduce pollutants from coal-powered electricity plants. The climate plan was designed to cut gases that cause global warming.
Another is a clean water rule to protect small waterways and wetlands from development by the Environmental Protection Agency.
More changes will be announced in coming days, the website said.
Trump has said he wants to cancel and replace a national health care law, known as "Obamacare."
His cabinet nominees have promised other major changes during Senate confirmation hearings.
In education, for example, there are plans to give parents more choice in selecting schools for their children, including private, religious schools.
And there has been discussion of permitting more drilling, mining and logging on federal lands.
"There is a great deal of reform coming to Washington," said Sean Spicer, the chief spokesman for President Trump on Thursday.
After the inauguration, Trump signed papers formally nominating the people he wants to form his Cabinet. He did so surrounded by congressional leaders from both parties at the Capitol.
The nominations are now before the U.S. Senate, which must approve nominees before they can take their new jobs.
Trump also signed a proclamation declaring a National Day of Patriotism and a bill that would permit retired Marine General James Mattis to run the U.S. Defense Department.
Late Friday, the Senate voted to approve Mattis as Defense Secretary.
In his inaugural speech, Trump said he would carry out his promise to make government focus on America's needs ahead of any others.
"From this day forward, a new vision will govern our land," Trump said. "From this moment on, it's going to be America first. Every decision on trade, on taxes, on immigration, on foreign affairs, will be made to benefit American workers and American families."
Trump, a Republican, won the presidential election after a very difficult campaign against Democrat Hillary Clinton. He promised to change many of the policies put forward over the last eight years by Democratic President Obama.
However, in his inauguration speech, Trump, the 45th U.S. president, thanked Obama and his wife, Michelle. Trump said, "They have been magnificent" in helping him prepare to take over as president.
"It couldn't have been easy for either man to be civil to the other after the election," said Larry Sabato, director of the Center for Politics at the University of Virginia. "But they were and continued to be, for the most part, to their substantial credit."
Sabato said the United States "is still deeply divided, much more so than usual."
"Yet imagine how much worse it could have been had No. 44 and No. 45 feuded day after day," Sabato said.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.free trade 自由贸易
Duties and taxes are the most obvious barrier to free trade.
2.be civil to 对...有礼貌
He'd been careful to be civil to everyone.
3.foreign affairs 外交事务
It was his responsibility for foreign affairs that gained him international prestige.
4.put forward 提出，拿出
They put forward some new ideas on the subject.
1. Trump said, "They have been magnificent" in helping him prepare to take over as president.
take over 接任；接管
The Belgians took over Rwanda under a League of Nations mandate.
His widow has taken over the running of his empire, including six London theatres.
2.But they were and continued to be, for the most part, to their substantial credit."
for the most part 多数情况下
The students are, for the most part, from the villages.
Professors, for the most part, are firmly committed to teaching, not research.
上任首日，唐纳德·特朗普（Donald Trump）开始对前总统的政策作出调整 。
特朗普政府发表的一份文件显示，美国将退出12个成员国签订的跨太平洋伙伴关系贸易协定（TPP） 。该自由贸易协议是由奥巴马政府参与谈判的 。
这其实并不意外 。特朗普总统在竞选期间曾表示，不良的贸易伤害了美国的就业市场 。
北美自由贸易协定取消了美国、加拿大和墨西哥之间商品交易的大部分关税 。1993年，美国总统比尔·克林顿（Bill Clinton）签署了该协定 。
特朗普政府还表示，将取消“有害及不必要的政策” 。包括奥巴马政府减少燃煤发电厂污染物排放量的计划 。该“气候行动计划”旨在减少排放导致全球变暖的气体 。
周四，特朗普总统的首席发言人肖恩·斯派塞（Sean Spicer）表示：“美国将迎来大规模的改革 。”
就职典礼结束后，特朗普正式签署了提名中意的内阁人员的文件 。在两党国会领导人的见证下，特朗普于国会大厦完成文件签署工作 。
特朗普还签署了将他出任总统的这一天定为“爱国主义国庆日”的公告及一项人事任命，提名退役海军将军詹姆斯·马蒂斯（James Mattis）担任美国国防部部长 。
特朗普表示“即日起，美国将迎来新的愿景” 。“此刻起，万事将以美国优先 。贸易、税务、移民、外交事务的每一项决策都将让美国工人和家庭从中受益 。”
在与民主党希拉里·克林顿的一番竞选恶战后，共和党人特朗普赢得了总统选举 。他承诺，将更改民主党总统奥巴马8年来所提出的多项政策 。
然而，这位第45任美国总统在就职演说中曾向奥巴马和其夫人米歇尔致谢 。特朗普表示，在帮他准备接任总统方面，“奥巴马夫妇是伟大的” 。
弗吉尼亚大学政治中心主任拉里·萨巴托（Larry Sabato）表示，“选举结束后还能以礼相待对方谈何容易 。”“但是他们做到了，多数情况下，他们为了自己的声望也会长期保持下去 。”